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Ark of Salvation by Abdul-Kareem Hassan and Murad El-Adnany

Ark of Salvation by Abdul-Kareem Hassan and Murad El-Adnany

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Published by Abdullah Bin Ahmad
An important book on islamic aqeedah issues.explaining various aqeeda related subject
An important book on islamic aqeedah issues.explaining various aqeeda related subject

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Published by: Abdullah Bin Ahmad on Mar 29, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The Ark of Salvation
By Abdul-Kareem Hassan and Murad el-Adnany 
Islam literally means submission (taslim) and surrender (istislam) toAllah (Allah). It can also mean a person who enters into peace orsecurity (silm), and sincerity of faith (deen) and belief (aqidah) inAllah, From the point of view of the sacred law (shar') Islam is faith(iman). The language usage of the term Islam is evident in Allah'ssaying, "The nomadic Arabs say, 'We have faith!' 'Say, 'You havenot accepted faith, rather say 'We have accepted Islam."[Translation of the meaning of the Quran, al-Hujurat 49:14]. Thismeans the nomadic Arabs had not submitted to Allah's true faith,but had only outwardly submitted sufficient to satisfy the legalrequirements. The sacred law (shariah) meaning is evident in theverses "Whosoever desires a faith other than Islam, it shall not beaccepted from him." [al-Imran 3:85] and "Surely the [true] faith withAllah is Islam." [al-Imran 19] The general definition of Islam is the witness that there is no Allahbut Allah, accepting that which Muhammad (peace and blessingsbe upon him) came from Allah, which is the true religion of Allahwhich he promulgated for Himself, and with which He sent all Hismessengers. The Messenger of Allah said: "Islam is to testify thereis no Allah but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah,and to perform the prayer, give zakat (alms), fast in Ramadan, andperform the pilgrimage to the House (Makkah) if you can." [SahihMuslim]All the Prophets sent by Allah have shared the same basic messageof Islam: "He has established for you the same religion (deen) asthat which He enjoined upon Noah, and We revealed to you thatwhich We enjoined on Abraham, Moses and Jesus, namely, that youshould remain steadfast in religion and be not divided therein." [ al-Shura42:13]Concerning the previous Prophets Allah says:"Those are the ones towhom Allah has given guidance, so follow their guidance
(hudahum)." [al-An'am 6:90] The guidance which is commonbetween Islam and the previous religions is tawhid, i.e., the essenceof belief in the oneness of Allah. Islam differs from the previousreligions in respect of the sacred law revealed by Allah, i.e., theshariah :"For every one of you We have ordained a sacred law (shar') andway of life (minhaj)." [al-Maidah 5:48] Islam is the name given byAllah to the religion revealed to Muhammad (peace and blessingsbe upon him and his family): "This day I have perfected yourreligion (deen) for you, completed my favour upon you, and havechosen for you Islam as your religion." [al-Maidah 5:3] The unity of the Islamic nation is rooted first and foremost in theunity of its creed (aqeeda), which in turn unifies our worship,customs and behaviour. The clarity of the Islamic creeddistinguishes Islam from all other religions. The source of it iskalimah tawhid (the word of unity), i.e., la ilaha illa Allah, whichmeans in English 'there is no deity but Allah.' This is the core of ourcreed, simple and uncomplicated and free from theologicalhairsplitting.It entails believing that Allah alone is the Creator (al-Khaliq), theProvider (ar-Razzaq), the Distresser (ad-Dar'),and the Propitious(an-Nafi). He alone should be feared, He alone should beworshipped.Because of it Allah established the Balance (miz'an) and thedestinations of Paradise and Hell; by it mankind and Jinn are dividedinto believers and unbelievers, and the swords of jihad are raised. The truth of this kalimah tawhid is based on the knowledge of whatMuhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and hisfamily, brought is certainly correct and by necessity to be believedin. La ilaha illa Allah is the right of Allah over His slaves, it opensthe door between Allah and His slaves, and it is the ark of oursalvation. For this reason Imam al-Ghazzali said " Islam isestablished on the word of unity (tawhid) [i.e., la ilaha illa Allah] andthe unity [i.e of the Islamic nation] on the word."In recent years there has arisen a growing trend, from somesections within the Muslim community, to pronounce verdictsexcommunicating Muslims from the people of the Qibla.
Unfortunately it has become the standard response to someone
Literally Qibla is the direction Muslims face in prayer, the term is used to signify the whole of the Islamic nation, i.e., shia, sunni, mutazila, murjiah etc
who holds a different point of view in matters of faith or sacred lawto accuse that person of having a defect in his creed. Imam al-Ghazzli warned against this, stating: "You should deter yourself asfar as possible from excommunicating the people of qibla (ahlulQibla) so long as they utter, 'there is no diety but Allah, Muhammadis the Messenger of Allah' without contradicting it. Contradictionmeans to think it lawful that the Prophet can tell a lie with orwithout a reason. Excommunication is singally hazardous whilesilence has no danger."
If a Muslim is declared kafir (disbeliever)he becomes eligible for condemnation to death and residingeternally in the Hell-fire." The Prophet, peace and blessings be uponhim, said: "When a man calls his brother an unbeliever, it returns(at least) to one of them." [Muslim]All the groups that have arisen within the body of the Muslim nationhave considered themselves to be correct and all others wrong,even heretics. Ahmad bin Hanbal tells us that the Khawarij andRawafid (rejectors) did not offer their prayers together with the restof the Muslims in their mosques and considered the majority of Muslims as heretics.
Thus from at least the second century of theIslamic calander the Muslims have discussed the definition of theIslamic faith and who is, and is not, a believer. The Khawarij, forexample, held that a Muslim who committed a grave sin became anunbeliever. Imam al-Ash'ari considered it was an article of faith of the ahlul Sunnah that a Muslim who committed a grave sin was stilla believer. Some of the Shii'tes took as an article of faith that ImamAli had been chosen by the Messenger of Allah as his successor. The ahlul Sunnah have rejected this claim. Naturally every groupclaims to be correct and has defined the tenets of its faith and hasused its definition to excommunicate its opponents. What is correct,according to the ahlul-Sunnah, is that the term millat al-Islam(Islamic community) applies to a person who believes in thetemporary existence of the world, oneness of its creator and Hiseternity, and that He is Just, Judicious, and rejects theanthropomorphism and the negation of divine epithets, andbelieves in the prophethood of all His prophets and that of theProphet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him),and that he was sent as a Prophet to all andsundry, and that Allahhelps His sacred law (shariah), and that his teachings are true, andthat the Quran is the source of the Shariah, and that observance of five daily prayers, payment of zakat, fasting during the month of 
al-Ghazzali, al-Tafriqah bayn al-Islam wa'l-zandaqah, quoted by A.Hasan in The Doctrine of Ijma in Islam
Ahmad bin Hanbal, al-Risalah al-Saniyyah, p.468

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