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North Dakota; Living Landscapes: A Guide to Native PlantScaping

North Dakota; Living Landscapes: A Guide to Native PlantScaping

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North Dakota; Living Landscapes: A Guide to Native PlantScaping
North Dakota; Living Landscapes: A Guide to Native PlantScaping

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Free Rain Garden Manuals on Nov 26, 2011
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05/24/2012

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Living Landscapes in North Dakota:
 A GUIDE TO NATIVE PLANTSCAPING
Natural Resources Conservation ServiceUnited States Department of AgricultureNatural Resources Conservation ServiceUnited States Department of Agriculture
“Helping People Help the Land” “Helping People Help the Land” 
 August 2006 August 2006
 
“Fargo Xeriscape Gardens” is a popular urban demonstration of Xeriscape principles and landscapes incorporating native plants. Planting areas display “Moderate Water Use,” “Low Water Use,” and “Very Low Water Use” plants.
 Why is NativeLandscaping Important?
 Natie landscaping provides an attractie, environmentally  fiendly landscape while reducing water and maintenancerequirements. Do you want a beautiul yard, garden, school, park, or parking area? ry a Xeriscape™ with natie plants! 
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Why is Native Landscaping Important? ..............................................................1Planning ................................................................................................................3Design ...................................................................................................................5Site Preparation ....................................................................................................7
Choosing the Right Grasses and Wildfowers
....................................................9Grasses ...............................................................................................................11
Wildfowers
.........................................................................................................15Choosing the Right Trees and Shrubs ..............................................................17Trees and Shrubs ...............................................................................................19Water Conservation ............................................................................................23Maintenance .......................................................................................................25Plant Protection ..................................................................................................27Planning for Wildlife ...........................................................................................29Rain Gardens .....................................................................................................31Energy Conservation .........................................................................................33Weeds and Invasive Plants ................................................................................35“To Do” List ........................................................................................................37 About this Publication ...................................................................... Back Cover 
1
Living Landscapes in North Dakota:
 
 A GUIDE TO NATIVE PLANTSCAPING
T
he information in this publication will help you select and grow native plantsthat are naturally adapted and will thrive for years under extreme environmentalconditions of North Dakota. This booklet provides an overview of nativelandscaping principles and practices. It integrates the principles of reduced water,energy, and chemical usage; wildlife habitat enhancement; and invasive weedmanagement. Native plant, in the context of this booklet, means native to NorthDakota, with a few exceptions.
 
 What is Xeriscape™?
Xeriscape (pronounced
 zeer-i-scape
)is derived from the Greek word,
 xeros,
meaning “dry.” Denver Waterholds the trademark on the term.It is the wise use of water through
water-efcient landscaping and the
utilization of plants better adapted tolocal climatic and soil conditions. Theword Xeriscape conjures up visionsof a dry, desert-like landscape when,in fact, its focus is how to landscapeappropriately in areas with seasonalwater supply shortages. A Xeriscapedesign uses less water to sustainplant life and provides year-roundbeauty.
Steps to Success
1. Develop a plan and landscapedesign2. Soil analysis3. Select appropriate plants4. Manageable lawn size
5. Efcient irrigation
6. Mulch plants and seedings7. Practice regular maintenance
 As one o e national Xeriscapes, the City o   Fargo projects that up to 50 percent saings canbe achieed in home water usage. Fargo studies support other study sites indicating potential  saings o nearly 30 percent in maintenance and labor, 61 percent in ertilizers, 44 percent in uel, and 22 percent in herbicides and pesticides.
 Natie prairie wildowers and grasses are excellent alternaties to traditional landscaping. Tey are less expensie tomaintain than tur, require minimal rainall, and are attractie all year long.
 
Generally,only 50 percent o an existing lawn is actielyused. ur is the highest water-user and requires the most labor in a traditional landscape. Reducing the amount o tur  will sae time and money. Consider using awarm-season alternatie tur grass, such asblue grama or bualograss. Tese grasses aredierent om normal lawns. Tey are slower to green in the spring, quicker to go dormant inthe all, and require less mowing.
Black chokeberry: berries used for making wine and jelly 
Xeriscape and Native Plant Benefts
Butterfy garden
Big bluestem: fall color 
Quality of Life
• Attractive year-round landscape• Increased wildlife viewing• Connect with nature• Decreased mowing
Economic
• Lower water and maintenance costs• Enhanced real estate values• Increased survival of plantings• Edible and/or decorative products
Environmental
• Improved water and soil conservation• Reduced use of petroleum products• Improved air quality/carbon sequestration• Enhanced urban wildlife habitat• Reduced storm water runoff 
Narrow grass strips (left) can result in poor water management. A water-efcient,
low maintenance alternative landscape features hardier plants in “low water use”landscape zones.
Why is Native Landscaping Important?
2
This colorful blazing star brings beauty to landscapes. It attracts butterflies and other wildlife species, and is significant to Native American culture.

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