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Aftershocks from the Global Food Crisis

Aftershocks from the Global Food Crisis

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When the global economic crisis began to unfold in full force in 2009, high food and fuel prices received much less attention. Nevertheless, an analysis of international and national data suggests that a food crisis persists in many countries a full two years since food price shocks began to unfold in early 2008. This spells more difficult days ahead for many poor households whose purchasing power continues to be squeezed, first by high food prices and later by a decline in income as a result of the global economic crisis. This has particularly intense impacts on children as the foundation of health and well-being is laid in childhood. Evidence shows that where children and mothers have poor health, nutrition and education the consequences can last a lifetime. Children and poor households will continue to face severe stress, as many of the factors that contributed to high and volatile food prices remain unaddressed.

When the global economic crisis began to unfold in full force in 2009, high food and fuel prices received much less attention. Nevertheless, an analysis of international and national data suggests that a food crisis persists in many countries a full two years since food price shocks began to unfold in early 2008. This spells more difficult days ahead for many poor households whose purchasing power continues to be squeezed, first by high food prices and later by a decline in income as a result of the global economic crisis. This has particularly intense impacts on children as the foundation of health and well-being is laid in childhood. Evidence shows that where children and mothers have poor health, nutrition and education the consequences can last a lifetime. Children and poor households will continue to face severe stress, as many of the factors that contributed to high and volatile food prices remain unaddressed.

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Published by: The United Nations Children's Fund on May 28, 2010
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Atec  te Ga F Cii
Wen te ga ecnic cii egan t n in  ce in 2009, ig an e ice eceie c e attentin. Neetee, an anai intenatina an natina ata gget tat a  cii eit in ancntie a  tw ea ince  ice c egan t n in ea2008. Ti e e ict a aea  an  e wecaing we cntine t e qeeze, t  ig  ice an ate a ecine in ince a a et  te ga ecnic cii. Ti a aticaintene iact n cien a te natin  eat an weeing i ai inci. Eience w tat wee cien an te ae  eat,ntitin an ecatin te cneqence can at a ietie. Cien an e wi cntine t ace eee te, a an  te act tatcntite t ig an atie  ice eain naee.
INTErNATIoNAl Food prICEs hAvE FAllEN, buT rEmAIN WEllAbovE ThEIr loNG-TErm AvErAGE lEvEls
Wie intenatina ice  aj  gain ae eceae ignicant incete initia  ice c, te eain ig cae t tei itica ten eaaeage:rice e  it ma 2008 ea  48%, t eain 75% ae it tenea
•
aeage;maize e  it Jne 2008 ea  46%, t eain 28% ae it tenea
•
aeage;sean e  it J 2008 ea  41%, t eain 32% ae it tenea
•
aeage;Weat e  it Fea 2008 ea  57%, t eain 22% ae it ten
•
ea aeage.Fige 1 tg 3 itate tee cange, wie Fige 4 w tat een teeent ice  i aea t e ae it tenea aeage  at 54%.
NATIoNAl Food prICEs rEmAIN “sTICky”
In ene t te intenatina  ice ie in 2008, an genent
A  tw ea ince te
•
 ice c egan,intenatina  iceeain we ae tei10 ea aeage. detic ice in ancntie ae eaine“tic” an in ecntie ae cntinetei acentpicie ecica tagete
•
at cien an wen(nta te) t eene tei ntitinecit ae gentneee, incing iciet t cia tectininteentin, tengtencia eice, an ie an ca tane T e ece te
•
igt an weeing  te geneatin  cien, icaet a en t tengtaning caengeeate t  ecit anet, tg natinaicie an intenatinacectie actinAprIl 2010uNICEF polICy ANd prACTICE
SOCIAL AND ECONOMICPOLICY WORKING BRIEFS
 
2uNICEF
cae t bnia (ce t te uganae). FAo niting  te ice  17  ct in 23 citie eea tatte aeage ice  a aet/ct cee ( natina aeage)wa 41 ecent ige tan 12 nteaie.
Guateala 
•
. he ae eeting eee ai, an  tageae ccing eaie tan eecte ingtaecte aea in te eat  teCe sec an te weten igan.de t eecte  tage,Fea 2010 ice  wite aizeinceae aiate 12 e cente decee 2009 ice. Te en  te ei  ig ean  aet aet cee an cane ga ieecte t cn  ecaenge a eana ince cewi a ten t ecine.
Inia 
•
. de in at t  ceance  te ain ean c, ice infatin i etiate at 17.40ecent. pice  weat an ice aeeen iing ince Jne 2009 an in anat  te cnt  ice infatini ige tan ea cne iceinfatin. Tee i a a tng itean  ice een a intenatinaice ae iing.
kenya 
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. Tee ae et  infatetantatin ct  ite aize,eting in ae aeage  ice. Te weae ice  aize wa usd408 e tnne in Naii in Jana2010—c ige tan usd 307 etnne 12 nt ee an usd 223e tnne 24 nt eaie. lwinceaiie ae eticte acce t ,atica in an aea wee wageae nt cagt  wit  iceinceae.
malawi 
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.
pice  aize ae tate tie ince ate 2009. sten aea ieinteene in  aet—nta tget cnt (  ete), ittai ectin (  ite), an ice iie—in an et t nt teiact n etic  ice (dawe, 2008). Tee icie t a ea tain n icect get, an it eain t e eenwete genent wi e ae t tainan  te in te cntet  tigte icget in te ei te a a et  tega ecnic wwn.A ie eiew  te ecent ice ten ain tae c in eecte cntie (anegin) a gget tat etic ice in an cntie ae eaine ig,an in e cae— eae aize inda e saaa, Tanzania an ice in hani,vietna—ice ae acta eae waagain in ecent nt. Cae t teiteeea aeage, natina gain iceeain ig. At te tie  witing, te ice:retai rice in te piiine i e 11%
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ae it teeea aeage (ee Fige5);Weae maize in da e saaa,
•
 Tanzania i at 62% ae it teeea aeage (ee Fige 6);retai rice in hani, vietna i 36% ae
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it teeea aeage (ee Fige 7);retai maize in Zaia i at 38%
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ae it teeea aeage (ee Fige8).seecte ecet  ecent (octe 2009 tFea 2010) FAo et inicate tat agene  ee ti ace ig an atieetic  ice, wit a ignicant egee aiatin in  acce ac an witincntie:
Congo, dr 
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. Tee i a g ea  aiatin in  ice ac tecnt—kiangani  eaeaea t ae we cit ice
 
3
AFTErshoCks From ThE GlobAl Food CrIsIs
centa Tanzania. Te ig tantatinct  ing    tecit aea i efecte in ig  ice,negatie iacting e.
vietna 
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. detic ice ice eain ig;in act te etai ice in te hani aetae te ei ea eace in ma 2008. Ti ecent inceae in te eticaet i cnitent wit intenatina iceice ten an i infence  tnget ean.
Zabia 
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. In ite  inceae eticaize aaiaiit, te natina aeageice eain ig. Wit te ean eanaacing, aize ie ae iiniingan ice ae tate t ci. sacaeae ae eate tei wn tcan neae atin in cnica inece aea a tgge. higtantatin ct an we ace  it, cae t at ea, ae iecntiting act t te ig eticice  aize.
CrITICAl mEssAGEs ForpolICymAkErs
In igt  iing  ice, it i ita an genttat icie ae in ace ecica tagetingcien an wen (nta te) in et e ene tei ntitin ecit, incing:icie t t cia tectin
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inteentin c a c eeing anatena eat ga, a we a an ca tane,tnge cia eice a at  a ae
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ic ene t tect te aiciei an ntitin  neaeg, a we a t e ene tat ciaan ecnic ece i incie.me a, ening  ecit in tengete eqie icie t ae niqecaenge in eac cnt, a efecte  teie cntetecic eiew eaie. pat eieNanje an Ciwawa ae een aizeice ie ate tan in te aea—intance  mkW 29/g in ma 2009t mWk 47/g in ea Jana 2010 inNanje. In te sten maawi itict baaa, Ciwawa an Nanje, teetiate ne   ineceatin a inceae  147,000in Jne 2009 t 275,000 in ea 2010. Tee itict eeience a ignicantaize c ectin e t a nge e in 2009. In aitin, e’ince  cttn ae a e,ecing te caing we  aecte atin.
mongolia 
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.
dzu 
weate cnitin(an etee nw winte in wicietc ae nae t n etg te nw ce) ae a ajact ein  e in tecnt. Te nging
dzu 
a ie 1.7iin ea  ietc, an etiateecnic ct  at usd 62 iin.An etiate 21,000 aiie g12%  te tta ee e ae t e tan 50%  tei ania.Atg weat f ice ae cewn teai ince 2008, te eainwe ae te ecii ee.
philiines 
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.
Natina etai ice  teain tae ice eain ig, wingintenatina ice ten. since te ea in Jne  2008, ice ae e14% t eain ige tan te eea ei  ate 2007ea 2008. deticaet ae we te intenatinaet aet an eeienceatica fctating ice e te atea.
Tanzania 
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Te net  te ng eanin Tanzania gt ciing aizeice. In te da e saaa aet,Jana 2010 weae aize ice itec ee. meate  ineciteit in at  nteaten an

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