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Soap, toilets and taps: How UNICEF supports water, sanitation and hygiene

Soap, toilets and taps: How UNICEF supports water, sanitation and hygiene

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UNICEF’s long-standing support to improving water supply, sanitation and hygiene stems from a firm conviction, based on evidence, that these are central to ensuring the rights of children to survive, grow and develop into healthy and fulfilled citizens of the world. In the broader context, UNICEF’s activities in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
While progress in water supply and sanitation is generally tracked through MDG target 7c – to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation – the contribution WASH makes to other MDG targets, particularly related to child mortality, disease reduction, primary education, environmental sustainability, gender equality and poverty reduction, is clearly recognized.

The strong link with child mortality in particular is one reason why UNICEF, in its Medium Term Strategic
Plan, has included WASH as a key component of a cross-sectoral package of high-impact interventions, together with health, nutrition, and HIV/AIDS, to achieve rapid progress in child survival and development.

This strong focus on child survival and development is an organizational priority and, as such, has led to the strengthening of the WASH component of UNICEF country programmes and renewed advocacy on intersectoral linkages with Governments and other partners.

UNICEF also recognises the important contribution that WASH makes to achieving the MDGs 2 and 3: to achieve universal primary education, and promote gender equality and empower women. Having adequate and appropriate water supply and sanitation facilities in schools is a major factor influencing whether children, and especially adolescent girls, attend school.

UNICEF’s long history of practical support to water supply in particular, dating back to the early 1960’s, has given us a unique position of trust with our government partners in the countries in which we work. Our partners know that they can rely on UNICEF to work with them in a pragmatic and supportive manner. UNICEF’s standing, both with government and other key sector stakeholders, enables us to play an important role in establishing and maintaining the collaborations which are vital, in order to
meet the challenges faced.

UNICEF does not attempt to tackle all the challenges across the broad spectrum which is the water supply and
sanitation sector. There are some areas where we have a comparative advantage and track record of success. There are other areas which are better covered by other organizations. This document outlines our activities in those areas which are of key importance to UNICEF’s overall mission, against the overall perspective of the global challenges in water supply, sanitation, hygiene, and child survival and development. It gives examples drawn from our work in Africa, Asia and Latin America. And it examines how UNICEF is preparing for new challenges by building appropriate humans resources, leveraging partnerships and providing leadership within and beyond the United Nations on water, sanitation and hygiene.
UNICEF’s long-standing support to improving water supply, sanitation and hygiene stems from a firm conviction, based on evidence, that these are central to ensuring the rights of children to survive, grow and develop into healthy and fulfilled citizens of the world. In the broader context, UNICEF’s activities in Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
While progress in water supply and sanitation is generally tracked through MDG target 7c – to halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation – the contribution WASH makes to other MDG targets, particularly related to child mortality, disease reduction, primary education, environmental sustainability, gender equality and poverty reduction, is clearly recognized.

The strong link with child mortality in particular is one reason why UNICEF, in its Medium Term Strategic
Plan, has included WASH as a key component of a cross-sectoral package of high-impact interventions, together with health, nutrition, and HIV/AIDS, to achieve rapid progress in child survival and development.

This strong focus on child survival and development is an organizational priority and, as such, has led to the strengthening of the WASH component of UNICEF country programmes and renewed advocacy on intersectoral linkages with Governments and other partners.

UNICEF also recognises the important contribution that WASH makes to achieving the MDGs 2 and 3: to achieve universal primary education, and promote gender equality and empower women. Having adequate and appropriate water supply and sanitation facilities in schools is a major factor influencing whether children, and especially adolescent girls, attend school.

UNICEF’s long history of practical support to water supply in particular, dating back to the early 1960’s, has given us a unique position of trust with our government partners in the countries in which we work. Our partners know that they can rely on UNICEF to work with them in a pragmatic and supportive manner. UNICEF’s standing, both with government and other key sector stakeholders, enables us to play an important role in establishing and maintaining the collaborations which are vital, in order to
meet the challenges faced.

UNICEF does not attempt to tackle all the challenges across the broad spectrum which is the water supply and
sanitation sector. There are some areas where we have a comparative advantage and track record of success. There are other areas which are better covered by other organizations. This document outlines our activities in those areas which are of key importance to UNICEF’s overall mission, against the overall perspective of the global challenges in water supply, sanitation, hygiene, and child survival and development. It gives examples drawn from our work in Africa, Asia and Latin America. And it examines how UNICEF is preparing for new challenges by building appropriate humans resources, leveraging partnerships and providing leadership within and beyond the United Nations on water, sanitation and hygiene.

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Published by: The United Nations Children's Fund on Mar 22, 2011
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Soap,toiletsand taps
a oundationor healthy children
How UNICEF sUpports watEr,saNItatIoN aNd HygIENE
 
tble  Cnen
Introduction 3Global Access to Water and Sanitation 4WASH Makes a Dierence 8UNICEFs Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Strategy 12Good Hygiene is Critical to Good Health 16A Toilet in Every Household                                                            20Improving Access to Sustainable Water Supplies 24Ensuring Water Quality – in the Home and at the Source 28WASH in Schools 32WASH in Emergencies 36WASH, Environment and Climate Change 40Scaling up WASH 42
Soap,toiletsand taps
a oundationor healthy children
How UNICEF sUpports watEr,saNItatIoN aNd HygIENE
UNICEF’Miin
UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly to advocate or the protection o children’s rights, tohelp meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their ull potentialUNICEF is guided by the Convention on the Rights o the Child and strives to establish children’s rights as enduringethical principles and international standards o behaviour towards children
Unie Nin Millennium develmen gl
The Millennium Development Goals have been described by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon as “ourcommon vision or building a better world in the twenty-rst century”In 2000, all 189 United Nations Member States committed to the Millennium Development Goals as well as to theMillennium Declaration Since then, the United Nations has expanded to 192 Member States and all are committedto the Goals and the DeclarationBy 2015, all 192 United Nations Member States have pledged to:1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger2 Achieve universal primary education3 Promote gender equality and empower women4 Reduce child mortality5 Improve maternal health6 Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases7 Ensure environmental sustainability8 Develop a global partnership or development© United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)February 2009United Nations Children’s Fund3 United Nations PlazaNew York, NY 10017, USAWebsite: wwwuniceorg/The interpretations expressed in this documentdo not necessarily reect positions o the UnitedNations Children’s Fund
 
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NICEF’s long-standing support to improvingwater supply, sanitation and hygiene stems roma rm conviction, based on evidence, that theseare central to ensuring the rights o children to survive,grow and develop into healthy and ullled citizens o the world In the broader context, UNICEF’s activitiesin Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) contribute tothe achievement o the Millennium Development Goals(MDGs)While progress in water supply and sanitation is generallytracked through MDG target 7c – to halve, by 2015, theproportion o people without sustainable access to saedrinking water and basic sanitation – the contributionWASH makes to other MDG targets, particularly relatedto child mortality, disease reduction, primary education,environmental sustainability, gender equality andpoverty reduction, is clearly recognizedThe strong link with child mortality in particular isone reason why UNICEF, in its Medium Term StrategicPlan, has included WASH as a key component o across-sectoral package o high-impact interventions,together with health, nutrition, and HIV/AIDS, to achieverapid progress in child survival and developmentThis strong ocus on child survival and developmentis an organizational priority and, as such, has led tothe strengthening o the WASH component o UNICEFcountry programmes and renewed advocacy on inter-sectoral linkages with Governments and other partnersUNICEF also recognises the important contribution thatWASH makes to achieving the MDGs 2 and 3: to achieveuniversal primary education, and promote genderequality and empower women Having adequate andappropriate water supply and sanitation acilities inschools is a major actor inuencing whether children,and especially adolescent girls, attend schoolUNICEF’s long history o practical support to watersupply in particular, dating back to the early 1960’s, hasgiven us a unique position o trust with our governmentpartners in the countries in which we work Our partnersknow that they can rely on UNICEF to work with them ina pragmatic and supportive manner UNICEF’s standing,both with government and other key sector stakeholders,enables us to play an important role in establishing andmaintaining the collaborations which are vital, in order tomeet the challenges acedUNICEF does not attempt to tackle all the challengesacross the broad spectrum which is the water supply andsanitation sector There are some areas where we havea comparative advantage and track record o successThere are other areas which are better covered by otherorganizations This document outlines our activities inthose areas which are o key importance to UNICEF’soverall mission, against the overall perspective o theglobal challenges in water supply, sanitation, hygiene,and child survival and development It gives examplesdrawn rom our work in Arica, Asia and Latin AmericaAnd it examines how UNICEF is preparing or newchallenges by building appropriate humans resources,leveraging partnerships and providing leadership withinand beyond the United Nations on water, sanitation andhygiene
wasH
s W, S  hg.
Inucin
hw unice spps W, S  hg
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