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Ash Tourism

Ash Tourism

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Published by Aisha
Module: Tourism in Developing Countries.
States the definition of tourism. The political, social, economical and technological impacts of tourism on developing countries. Can also be called the PEST or STEP model.
Module: Tourism in Developing Countries.
States the definition of tourism. The political, social, economical and technological impacts of tourism on developing countries. Can also be called the PEST or STEP model.

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Published by: Aisha on Feb 27, 2009
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11/20/2012

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1Tourism In Developing Countries
TOURISM IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
 Define in your own words what is tourism and how can itimpact a country's development?
DEFINITION OF TOURISM:-
There have been many attempts to define tourism. One of the most enduring definitions is that used by the Tourism Society:"the temporary short term movement of people to destinationsoutside places where they normally live and work, and theiractivities during their stay at these destinations."Tourism refers to all travel that results in one or more nightsbeing spent away from home. The travel is, in essence, actually amassive flow of people of diverse backgrounds, languages,cultures and religion interacting under the collective description of being tourists.The purpose of travel follows the 1993 UN StatisticalCommission's definition, which encompasses leisure, business andother reasons. The tourist can be a domestic tourist (eg. a resident
 
2Tourism In Developing Countries
of one country, India, travelling within the country), a regionaltourist (a visitor from Nigeria spending one or more nights inBenin). The visitor can also be overseas or international tourist (aresident of the UK staying one or more nights in Singapore).Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisurepurposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel.The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who"travel to and stay in places outside their usual environment fornot more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and otherpurposes not related to the exercise of an activity remuneratedfrom within the place visited".Tourism is vital for many countries, due to the incomegenerated by the consumption of goods and services by tourists,the taxes levied on businesses in the tourism industry, and theopportunity for employment in the service industries associatedwith tourism. These service industries include transportationservices such as cruise ships and taxis, accommodation such ashotels, restaurants, bars, and entertainment venues, and otherhospitality industry services such as spas and resorts.Tourism impacts a country's development in various ways.This can be easily explained through the PEST or the STEP model. Itstands for - Political, Economic, Social and Technological. Theimpacts may be described as follows.
 
3Tourism In Developing Countries
PEST/STEP MODEL
 
POLITICAL IMPACTS OF TOURISM:-
 
Due to the benefits tourism gives to the economy,governments promote tourism in a big way.
 
 
As the government promotes foreign tourists coming into thecountry, they try and bring improvement in the home countryas well.
 
 
Campaigns are launched internationally to bring in moretourists.
 
 
Tourism is a way in which the reputation of a country can bebuilt on a global level.
 
 
It creates good relations with other countries, when touristscome in.
 
 
Earlier any person could travel to different places (foreignpeople) without any passport or documents, but now due tostringent rules and regulations people cannot just go intoother countries without a passport.
 

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