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This eBook is illustrated and interactive, with hyperlinks to the relevant internet sites.This is THE reference for seafarers who need to understand hurricanes, cyclones and typhoons.Locating the center of a tropical cyclone;If intelligent action is to be taken to avoid the full fury of a tropical cyclone, early determination of its location and direction of travel relative to the vessel is essential. The bulletins and forecasts are an excellent general guide, but they are not infallible and may be sufficiently in error to induce a mariner in a critical position to alter course so as to unwittingly increase the danger of the vessel. Often it is possible, using only those observations made aboard ship, to obtain a sufficiently close approximation to enable the vessel to manoeuvre to the best advantage.As previously stated, the presence of an exceptionally long swell is usually the first visible indication of the existence of a tropical cyclone. In deep water it approaches from the general direction of origin.Maneuvering to Avoid the Storm Center;The safest procedure with respect to tropical cyclones is to avoid them. If action is taken sufficiently early, this is simply a matter of setting a course that will take the vessel well to one side of the probable track of the storm, and then continuing to plot the positions of the storm centre as given in the weather bulletins, revising the course as needed.However, this is not always possible. If the ship is found to be within the storm area, the proper action to take depends in part upon its position relative to the storm centre and its direction of travel. It is customary to divide the circular area of the storm into two parts.In the Northern Hemisphere, that part to the right of the storm track (facing in the direction toward which the storm is moving) is called the dangerous semicircle. It is considered dangerous because (1) the actual wind speed is greater than that due to the pressure gradient alone, since it is augmented by the forward motion of the storm, and (2) the direction of the wind and sea is such as to carry a vessel into the path of the storm (in the forward part of the semicircle)..........In a sailing vessel attempting to avoid a storm centre, one should steer courses........ However, if it becomes necessary for such a vessel to heave to, the wind is of greater concern than the sea. A good general rule always is to heave to on whichever tack permits the shifting wind to draw aft. In the Northern Hemisphere, this is the starboard tack in the dangerous semicircle, and.......Sailing DirectionsAvoid and Survive HurricanesNORTHERN HEMISPHERESOUTHERN HEMISPHEREGENERALTropical CyclonesLocating and tracking tropical cyclonesSigns of approachLocating the center of a tropical cyclonePractical rulesRight or dangerous semicircleOn storm track, ahead of centerOn storm track, behind centerCoastal effectsWave Heights from Significant Wave Heights (SWH)Extratropical CyclonesCold FrontsTROPICAL STORMSDESCRIPTION AND CAUSESIntroductionDefinitionsAreas of OccurrenceOrigin, Season and FrequencyNorth Atlantic:Eastern North Pacific:Western North PacificNorth Indian OceanSouth Indian OceanSouthwest Pacific and Australian AreaANATOMY OF TROPICAL CYCLONESFormationPortrait of a HurricaneLife of a Tropical CycloneFORECASTING AND PREDICTING TROPICAL CYCLONESAVOIDING TROPICAL CYCLONESApproach and Passage of a Tropical CycloneLocating the Center of a Tropical CycloneStatistical Analysis of Barometric PressureManeuvering to Avoid the Storm CenterNorthern HemisphereSouthern HemisphereCONSEQUENCES OF TROPICAL CYCLONESHigh Winds and Floodingread more
ABOUT THE AUTHOR Twice Around-the-World + Alan Phillips did his first circumnavigation in a boat called “Scorpio “starting in 1980. His next circumnavigation commenced in 1992 onboard “Wallaby Creek “. This voyage lasted 15 years. He has also done a two year passage to China via Solomon Islands, Micronesia, Philippines etc. His is Australian and has circumnavigated Australia and done numerous passages out into the Pacific Ocean from Australia, including seven times into Papua New Guinea and six times across the China Sea. After 25 years and 100,000 nautical miles of ocean cruising he is one of the most experience cruising sailors on earth. Along the way he has developed his own philosophies and has views that exhibit original thinking. OTHER THINGS HE HAS DONE Sailed my small boat thru the very eye of a tropical cyclone and lived to tell. Hit a reef, wrecked my boat and was castaway alone on Orchilla Isle in the Caribbean to live like Robinson Crusoe. and lived to tell Looked into the barrel of a PLO gun with the terrorists screaming at me in some language and lived to tell Looked into the barrel of an Israel machine gun while being screamed at in some language and lived to tell Had a beer in the Beirut yacht club while the Israelis rocketed and bombed with everything they had and lived. Sailed up to and anchored at Pirate Island in the Southern Philippines and shared a bottle of rum with the pirates and lived to tell Got caught smuggling in Panama and then had to drink the customs officer under the table. After which we altered the paperwork and were friends and stayed out of jail Escaped from the immigration police in Indonesia by stealing a speed boat and pulling Wallaby Creek thru the reef Drilled out my own tooth with tools from the tool box. Circumnavigated Australia and twice around the world. Found a Polynesian tribe that is still living an uncivilized life and has never been visited by a tourist. Been becalmed for 3 weeks under the tropical sun and at the end had counted out our last meals. Found a cave in PNG with dozens of human skeletons from people who entered the cave in order to die. Fathered a beautiful baby with a young Swiss girl and married her even though she is 25 years younger and also younger then 2 of my other children. Survived three shark attacks where the sharks ripped my spear and fish from my hands. I continue to spearfish at every opportunity. Spent months alone at sea in a leaky boat with no motor and no electrical or electronic thing on the boat. Left a crewman with a primitive tribe in PNG and returned a year later to look for him. Received a message in a bottle. Crossed the jungles of the Western Province of PNG where no white man had been for 20 years. Did a seven-week single-handed passage from Panama to Tahiti. And didn’t end up much crazier. read more
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