The Composition of this Masnavi has been delayed for a season; Time is needed for blood to become milk. Till thy fortune comes forth as a new-born babe, Blood becomes not milk, sweet and pleasant to the mind. When that light of God, Husamu'd-Din Turned his course down from the summit of heaven, This Masnavi, which is the polisher of spirits, Its recommencement occurred on the day of "Opening." The commencement date of this precious work Was the year six hundred and sixty-two of the Flight. The Bulbul started on this date, became a hawk; Yea, a hawk to hunt out these mysteries. May the wrist of the King be the resting-place of this hawk, And may this door be open people for ever! Masnawi is Rumi's major work in form of (Spiritual Couplets), a six-volume poem regarded by some Sufis as Persian-language Qur'an. The "Masnawi" is Rumi's greatest poetic work, composed during the last years of his life. He began it when he was between the ages of 54-57 [about 1258-1261] and continued composing its verses until he died in 1273 (with the last story remaining incomplete). It is a compendium of sufi stories, ethical teachings, and mystical teachings. It is deeply permeated with Qur'anic meanings and references. Rumi himself called the Masnavi "the roots of the roots of the roots of the (Islamic) Religion... and the explainer of the Qur'an (Masnavi, Book I, Preface). The story of how the beginning of the composition of the Masnavi has been told in the hagiography written by Aflaki (written between 1318-53), a disciple of Rumi's grandson: "Sirâjuddîn, the Mathnawi-reciter [masnavi-khwân] at the Tomb (of Rumi) told the story that the reason for the composition of the book of the Masnavî-yé Ma`nawî, which is the Revealer of the secrets of the Qur'an was: One day Hazrat-i... Husâmuddîn [Chelebi-- Rumi's closest disciple], may God sanctify his precious secret, found out that some of the friends, in complete relish and great love, were making serious efforts to study the 'Book of the Divine' [Ilâhî-Nâma] of (the sufi poet) Hakîm (Sanâ'î) and the 'Speech of the Birds' [ManTiqu 'T-Tayr] and the 'Book of Misfortune' [MuSîbat-Nâma] of (the sufi poet) Farîduddîn `Attâr, and (who) were delighted by (studying) their (mystical) secrets and (accounts of) the unusual spiritual amorousness (of the lovers of God) displayed by them. The Masnavi is divided into six books, and Rumi wrote prefaces for each book. The earliest complete manuscript (the "Konya manuscript") was completed in December, 1278 (five years after Rumi's death). • Books 1 and 2: They “are principally concerned with the nafs, the lower carnal self, and its self-deception and evil tendencies.” • Books 3 and 4: These books share the principal themes of Reason and Knowledge. These two themes are personified by Rumi in the Biblical and Quranic figure of the Prophet Moses. • Books 5 and 6: These last two books are joined by the universal ideal that man must deny his physical earthly existence to understand God’s existence.
Mevlana, bugünkü Afganistan sınırları içerisinde yer alan, horasan bölgesindeki Belh şehrinde 1207 yılında dünyaya gelmiştir. Asıl adı Muhammed Celaleddin’dir. “Mevlaya ait olan” anlamına gelen Mevlana ismi, kendisine genç yaşta ders okutmaya başladığı sıralarda verilmiştir. Anadolulu anlamına gelen Rumi ismi ise kendisine batılılarca verilmiş bir lakaptır.
Mevlana, gelmiş geçmiş en büyük tasavvufçulardandır. Tasavvuf bir insan sanatıdır ve Mevlana da ömrünün çoğu döneminde insanlara hizmet için çalışmış, halk tarafından sevilen ve sayılan ayrıca bir tasavvuf şairidir. Mevlana henüz 9 yaşındayken çok büyük zorluklar içinde babası Bahâeddin Veled ve annesi Mümine Hatun ile birlikte Konya’ya göç etmişlerdir. 1225 yılında Şerefeddin Lala’nın kızı olan Gevher Hatun ile Karamanda evlenmiştir.
Mevlana’nın Allah aşkını konu alan şiirleri ve sözleri günümüzde hala önemini yitirmemiştir. Çoğu ders kitaplarında, bazı romanlarda konu olan Mevlana, unutulmayacak bir geçmişe sahiptir. Zira kendisi Allah yolunda kalbini eritmiş, nefsini öldürmüş büyük bir tasavvufçudur.read more
Reviews forMasnawi Sacred Texts of Islam: Book Two