In Last Harvest, the award-winning author of Home and A Clearing in the Distance tells the compelling story of New Daleville, a brand-new residential subdivision in rural Pennsylvania. When Witold Rybczynski first heard about New Daleville, it was only a developer's idea, attached to ninety acres of cornfield an hour and a half west of Philadelphia. Over the course of five years, Rybczynski met everyone involved in the transformation of this land -- from the developers, to the community leaders whose approvals they needed, to the home builders and sewage experts and, ultimately, the first families who moved in.
Always eloquent and illuminating, Rybczynski looks at this "neotraditional" project, with its houses built close together to encourage a sense of intimacy and community, and explains the trends in American domestic architecture -- from where we place our kitchens and fences to why our bathrooms get larger every year.
As Publishers Weekly said, "Rybczynski provides historical and cultural perspective in a style reminiscent of Malcolm Gladwell, debunking the myth of urban sprawl and explaining American homeowners' preference for single-family dwellings. But Rybczynski also excels at 'the close-up,' John McPhee's method of reporting, where every interview reads like an intimate conversation, and a simple walk down neighborhood sidewalks can reveal a wealth of history."
Last Harvest is a charming must-read for anyone interested in where we live today -- and why -- by one of our most acclaimed and original cultural writers.read more
A book that helped me understand why so many suburban developments look the same, and are so unsatisfying. It's the economics (and to a certain extent, the politics). Rybczynski profiles a development in the Philadelphia exurbs, from the first planning until the first families move in. All along, the developers have great intentions about making a 'new traditional development': but in the end, the economics (cost of the land and building process, and the need to appeal to mass taste) make the development a lot more similar to everything else.Not as good as fascinating as some of Rybczynski's other insightful books on buildings and spaces, but still interesting.read more
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Rybczynski tracks the construction of a neotraditional development -- New Daleville -- on a former corn field in rural Chester County, Pennsylvania. The author drops in broader discussions at opportune points in the story; topics include the history of subdivisions in America, neotraditionalism (or new urbanism, though the term seems wholly inappropriate for this rural location) as an planning and architectural movement, and the stylistic preferences of American homebuyers. As someone with no practical experience of the development process, I found this book a valuable introduction to the different players -- the developer, the architects, the builders, the marketers, the local officials -- and their contrasting agendas. Rybczynski presents the various perspectives even-handedly, giving the various characters the chance (through candid quotations) to speak for themselves. Two aspects of the work frustrated me. First, at several points, Rybczynski equates environmentalism with reflexive opposition to development. As an environmentalist who supports sustainable development, I found the casual stereotyping inept and annoying. Second, Rybczynski underplays a striking lesson of his story: that the big national builders' economic model, based on rigorous standardization, is fundamentally incompatible with the neotraditionalist goal of distinct local character. It's clear that the layout of the finished development will be neighborhood-focused, but it's also clear that stylistically, the houses will all look like houses everywhere else. Rybzcynski's postscript is a cop out: "Developers tread a delicate path. They are agents of change, operating between the regulations -- and desires -- of local jurisdictions and the demands of the marketplace, and they must satisfy both. That isn't always easy, and it's rarely popular." A more pointed conclusion is that until national builders jettison a one-slate-of-options-fits-all approach and accept narrower profit margins, we won't see true neotraditional development for other than the most expensive neighborhoods. Still, the story is told with enough detail that a reader can draw his or her own lessons, and the ride is illuminating.Out of curiosity, I've gone searching for updates on the history of New Daleville since this book was published in April 2007. As of late December 2008, I've found only an NPR Morning Edition report from August 22, 2008, noting that home sales in the neighborhood have slowed, with half the lots still unbuilt. I hope Rybczynski someday returns to the topic, perhaps in a magazine article, to trace the fate of New Daleville through the financial meltdown and recession of 2008-2009.read more
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Architecture critic Rybczynski spent four and a half years observing the progress of New Daleville, a residential subdivision designed by one of his former students in a "neotraditional" style that builds houses close together on smaller-than-usual lots in order to foster a stronger sense of community. He is there to witness every stage of development, from the purchase of a large tract of land in rural Pennsylvania through meetings with local community leaders to get planning approval, to the moment when a family moves into one of the first completed units. The account is forthright about the difficulties New Daleville's creators face in making the project work, but Rybczynski (A Clearing in the Distance, etc.) remains optimistic that "the small lots [and] narrow streets... will all make sense" in the future. Occasionally, he provides historical and cultural perspective in a style reminiscent of Malcolm Gladwell, debunking the myth of urban sprawl and explaining American homeowners' preference for single-family dwellings. But Rybczynski also excels at the "close-up," John McPhee's method of reporting, where every interview reads like an intimate conversation, and a simple walk down neighborhood sidewalks can reveal a wealth of history. This charming mixture of reportage and social criticism fits comfortably on the shelf next to David Brooks's On Paradise Drive. (Apr.) (c) Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved