This public education booklet was designed to inform the general public about the brain and neuroscience, the science of the brain. The booklet contains short explanatory chapters on different subjects written by experts in each topic. The original booklet was published in 2004. In 2005, the International Brain Research Organisation (IBRO) purchased the copyright of the booklet. We have commissioned members of our organisation to translate the booklet into several languages. We hope that you will use these translations for the purpose of improving public understanding and awareness of the brain and the importance of brain research. IBRO is happy for you to make printed copies of the PDF files. However this should not be done for profit. For more information, please read the additional information that is appended at the end of the booklet.