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BRIEF: Disaster Risk Reduction in Urban Areas

BRIEF: Disaster Risk Reduction in Urban Areas

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Published by ELLA Programme
In the context of urbanisation, disaster risk increases from badly planned and managed urban development, degraded ecosystems and poverty. The disaster risk reduction (DRR) processes developed in several Latin American cities show the benefits of making risk reduction an integral part of local development. The importance of good information for risk assessment, government-civil society collaboration, and links between local, national and regional levels is also evident. Latin America’s DRR experiences can offer a wealth of lessons for African and South Asian counterparts embarking on their own urban risk reduction processes.
In the context of urbanisation, disaster risk increases from badly planned and managed urban development, degraded ecosystems and poverty. The disaster risk reduction (DRR) processes developed in several Latin American cities show the benefits of making risk reduction an integral part of local development. The importance of good information for risk assessment, government-civil society collaboration, and links between local, national and regional levels is also evident. Latin America’s DRR experiences can offer a wealth of lessons for African and South Asian counterparts embarking on their own urban risk reduction processes.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: ELLA Programme on Jul 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/13/2012

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! Hjr{e}mja! Ldakda!
 
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x}h `ddkgadrcj{gda {d kh{hrcgah oxglkga` ehg`e{,{wyh d dxakj{gda} jak cj{hrgjl} x}hk
 Ljak#x}hrh`xlj{gda}6
yrdegog{ dr lgcg{xroja khhldycha{ ga ejvjrk#yrdah jrhj}
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cdkggmj{gda} {d hug}{ga`oxglkga`} {d jkk }{rxm{xrjl }{joglg{w
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gamlxkh ldp#gamdch jhm{hk`rdxy} lgga` ga eg`e#rg}n vdah}[eh zxjlg{w jak mjyjmg{w d mg{w `dhrajamh ej} ja hadrcdx}gaxhamh da {eh kg}j}{hr rg}n g{} ydyxlj{gda jmh}> zxg{h}gcylw, j mg{w pg{e j `ddk xroja jak hagrdacha{jl ylja, jak}hrgmh} jak garj}{rxm{xrh ga yljmh, mja yrhha{ kg}j}{hr}oh{{hr {eja dah {ej{ kdh} ad{! Phjn xroja `dhracha{} {hak{d oh lh}} mjyjolh d jkkrh}}ga` xakhrlwga` rg}n krghr}! Ojklwcjaj`hk xroja jak rh`gdajl khhldycha{, kh`rjkj{gda dhmd}w}{hc} lgnh ph{ljak}, cja`rdh} jak drh}{} {ej{ mjajm{ j} kg}j}{hr oxhr}, jak eg`e lhhl} d rhlj{gh ydhr{w jrhmdccda krghr}!Cjaw mg{gh} ga Lj{ga Jchrgmj ejh }xmmh}}xllw gcylhcha{hk}{rj{h`gh} {d yrhha{ kg}j}{hr rg}n, jak {eh lh}}da} rdc {eh}hhuyhrghamh} cjw oh x}hxl dr d{ehr rh`gda}!
{EH LJ{ga JcHrgmJa JYYrdJmE
[ehrh jrh cjaw hujcylh} d }xmmh}}xl rg}n rhkxm{gda ydlgmgh}j{ {eh mg{w lhhl ga Lj{ga Jchrgmj! [eg} Orgh yrh}ha{} }yhmgbmmdxa{rw hujcylh} {ej{ rhhm{ }dch d {eh nhw hj{xrh} d {ehLj{ga Jchrgmja rh}yda}h6 ga{h`rj{ga` K__ ga{d khhldycha{ydlgmw> mggl }dmgh{w jak cxl{g#}{jnhedlkhr mdlljodrj{gda> jakldmjl#aj{gdajl#rh`gdajl lganj`h}!
r}n rhkx{d j} j g{h`j{hk Yj{ db Khhldyh{ jkm{w Ylj`
Lj{ga Jchrgmj dhr} `ddk hujcylh} d ldmjl K__ yrd`rjcch}{ej{ ga{h`rj{h rg}n cjaj`hcha{ ga {ehgr dhrjll khhldycha{jak mg{w ylja}! [eh K__ }w}{hc} khhldyhk ow kghrha{ mg{gh}ga Mdldcogj cjw oh mda}gkhrhk }dch d {eh cd}{ jkjamhk![eh mg{gh} d Cjagvjlh}, Chkhllãa jak Od`d{ê ejh khhldyhkldmjl K__ }w}{hc} {ej{ ha}xrh {ej{ kg}j}{hr yrhha{gda g}jm{drhk ga{d {eh mg{w‗} xroja khhldycha{ jak hagrdacha{jlylja! Ga {eh mj}h d Cjagvjlh} dr hujcylh, {eh kg}j}{hr rg}ncjaj`hcha{ ylja g} ga{h`rj{hk pg{e
Ogdcjagvjlh} 
, {ehmg{w‗} hagrdacha{jl ydlgmw>
Ogdylja 
, {eh mg{w‗} jm{gda ylja {djmglg{j{h ydlgmw gcylhcha{j{gda> jak Cjagvjlh}
Mjlgkjk 
]UGG,{eh mg{w‗} khhldycha{ ylja!
 
HLLJ JrHJ6 HagrdacHa{JL cJaJ`HcHa{|HLLJ {EHcH6 XroJa HagrdacHa{JL `dHraJamH
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6
 
[ju rhkxm{gda} dr gcylhcha{ga` chj}xrh}{d rhkxmh edx}ga` xlahrjoglg{w ga jrhj}pg{e eg`e rg}n d ljak}lgkh} jak ddkga`
 
Ja hagrdacha{jl {ju da rxrjl jak xrojayrdyhr{gh} }yha{ da hagrdacha{jlyrd{hm{gda garj}{rxm{xrh, kg}j}{hryrhha{gda jak cg{g`j{gda, mdccxag{whkxmj{gda jak rhldmj{gda d j{#rg}nmdccxag{gh}
 
J mrd}}#}xo}gkg}hk ga}xrjamh }mehchmjllhk ]hmxrh Yld{ %
Yrhkgd ]h`xrd 
' yrdgkh}yddr edx}hedlk} pg{e mj{j}{rdyehga}xrjamh mdhr
ml ]dh{w6 J Nhw Yljwh
Lj{ga Jchrgmja hujcylh} khygm{ j rja`h d jyyrdjmeh} drcjnga` K__ ldmjllw#krgha jak dr mdlljodrj{ga` oh{phha ldmjl`dhracha{}, mdccxag{gh} j{ rg}n jak d{ehr }{jnhedlkhr}lgnh A@D}, `rj}}rdd{} dr`jag}j{gda} jak rh}hjrme mha{rh}!Cjagvjlh}‗ K__ yrd`rjcch ga{h`rj{h} mggl }dmgh{whkxmj{gda jak jpjrhah}} mjcyjg`a} pg{e cxl{g#}{jnhedlkhrmdlljodrj{gda {d rhkxmh xlahrjoglg{w {d kg}j}{hr}! Bdr hujcylh, fdga{ jm{gda oh{phha {eh ldmjl `dhracha{ jak xaghr}g{w jakmdccxag{w `rdxy} }xmmh}}xllw rhldmj{hk rh}gkha{} lgga` da}{hhy }ldyh}, }xofhm{ {d rhzxha{ ljak}lgkh}, {d }jhr }g{h}![ehw {eha mdahr{hk {eh jmj{hk ljak ga{d ahg`eodxreddkyjrn} jak ga{rdkxmhk chj}xrh} {d }{joglg}h {eh }ldyh}!
Bg`xrh ?6 ]ldyh Bjglxrh]dxrmh6 @davjld KxzxhBg`xrh =6 ]ldyh @xjrkgja} Yrd`rjcch Yjr{gmgyja{} _hmhgga` Kgyldcj]dxrmh6 GKHJ#JL
Ga {eh yrd`rjcch ]ldyh @xjrkgja} %
',::? ehjk#d#edx}hedlk pdcha lgga` ahjr eg`e#rg}n vdah}rhmhghk {rjgaga` jak adp pdrn da rjg}ga` jpjrhah}},cdag{drga` {eh }ldyh }{joglg}j{gda yrdfhm{, rhydr{ga` yrdolhc}jak mdccxagmj{ga` {ehgr huyhrghamh {d d{ehr}! [ehw jrh}xyydr{hk ow j kghr}h {hjc d yrdh}}gdajl} jak {hmeagmgja}rdc {eh `dhracha{ j`hamw rh}yda}golh dr hagrdacha{jlcjaj`hcha{ jak }x}{jgajoglg{w, {eh Cxagmgyjlg{w d Cjagvjlh},{eh _hk Mrd}}, {eh pj{hr x{glg{w mdcyjaw, jak {eh Ga}{g{x{h d  Hagrdacha{jl ]{xkgh}%
Ga}{g{x{d kh H}{xkgd} Jcogha{jlh} # GKHJ
' d {eh Aj{gdajl Xaghr}g{w‗} Cjagvjlh} mjcyx}!Ga }dch mj}h}, A@D} ejh mrhj{hk rg}n rhkxm{gda yrd`rjcch}{ej{ {eha ohmdch jkdy{hk ow `dhracha{}! Bdr hujcylh, galdp#gamdch jrhj} d @xj{hcjlj Mg{w, Kdm{dr} pg{edx{ Odrkhr}  gag{gj{hk ja hchr`hamw ehjl{e yrd`rjcch jgchk j{ rhkxmga`mdccxag{w ehjl{e xlahrjoglg{w kxh {d kg}hj}h dx{orhjn}jak aj{xrjl kg}j}{hr}> {eg} {eha khhldyhk ga{d ja ga{h`rjlgag{gj{gh {d gcyrdh krjgaj`h }w}{hc}, h`h{j{gda mdhr, }ldyh}{joglg}j{gda, oxglkga` rhgadrmhcha{, pj}{h cjaj`hcha{ jakhm{dr mda{rdl! C]B cdhk rdc hchr`hamw yrhyjrhkah}} {d jlda`#{hrc mdlljodrj{gh jyyrdjme, rhkxmga` od{e yrh}ha{ jakx{xrh ljak}lgkh rg}n} jak ehjl{e rhlj{hk rg}n}!Ga d{ehr hujcylh}, ldmjl A@D} pdrnga` {d`h{ehr pg{emdccxag{w `rdxy} yrdhk jolh {d lhjra rdc yj}{ huyhrghamh}jak ja{gmgyj{h yrdolhc} pg{e hugoglg{w! Blddk} ga {eh mg{w d]ja{j Bh, Jr`ha{gaj, ga ?99= jak ?990 huyd}hk {eh ljmn d`dhracha{ jm{gda ga {hrc} d xroja jak hchr`hamw yljaaga`jak rg}n rhkxm{gda! [eh ldmjl A@DMjadj}oh`ja yrdgkga`hchr`hamw jgk j{hr {eh ddk}, jak ga {eh yrdmh}}, rhmd`ag}hk{ej{ ldmjl jm{dr} ejk lg{{lh xakhr}{jakga` jodx{ rg}n rhkxm{gda,

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