Energy can be differentiated as1. Kinetic energy 2. Potential energy
1. Sound2. Wind3. Mechanical for example moving piston in a cylinder4. Electrical energy. Electricity, lightning 5. Thermal Energy, Heat, hot water, steam6. Light , microwaves, x-rays , solar, ultra violet rays
1. Gravitational energy. Hydro power, ball above ground2. Spring . stretched rubber band3. Magnetic planetary poles4. Nuclear , fission, fusion, heavy water uranium5. Chemical , gasoline, batteries, oil natural gas, gun powder, coal, wood
Thermal Energy is the oldest type of energy. With all known history available, Wood was always used for heating and cooking. In 2nd world war fossil fuels entered in theform of coal to get the energy, until liquid fuels were discovered and because of theirconvenience of transportation they took over as major contributors of the energy source.
Once the steam engines were invented then the coal or liquid fuel wasburnt in the boilers and the heat produces steam which is used to drive electricalgenerators, or any other mechanical device.Rudolph diesels invention of diesel engine revolutionaries the energy concept and today we see sine the majority of machines moving on diesel engines.Diesel engines can be 2 stroke or 4 stroke type. They can be in line orarranged in V or even W shape. They can be single acting or double acting. Another method of converting thermal energy to mechanical energy is by the gasturbines. Turbines are also used to run by steam or hot gases which are producedby igniting fuel.For converting thermal energy to electrical energy alternators are used todrive on constant RPM. The choice of gensets strictly depends on the requirement of the client,before ordering a power plant following points to be considered1. Expected demand of the power.2. Type of fuel required3. Space available for the power plant4. Avilability of genset5. Avilability of local service back up and stock of parts6. Price is paramount importance and hidden expenses should be lookedcarefully