1. Synopsis A tyrannical king, Gilgamesh was a two-thirds god and one-third human. It was he who in his glorybuilds the great walls of Uruk to keep his people from outside falsest but not from himself. He oppressed hispeople so they cried up to the sky god, Anu. In response Anu created Enkidu to counter Gilgamesh wherethe contest leads to strong friendship. Together, they embarked on an expedition against Humbaba whichthey won. Gilgamesh grew in wisdom and conceit after refusing the goddess’ love; the enraged Ishtar sentthe bull of heaven which was defeated by Gilgamesh and Enkidu. Enkidu is dead after twelve days of sickness and Gilgamesh mourned his loss by standing over his bed and remembering all the gallantadventures they had been on together. Gilgamesh honors his friend as promised and erects a monument inhis honor.Through Enkidu’s death, Gilgamesh realized his own immortality and angst's over it. Gilgameshknew of one man who has overcome mortality, Utanapishtim, that he is determined to find him and discover the secret of his immortality. Utunapishtim set Gilgamesh up for a test to see if he is worthy of immortalityby asking him to be without sleep. He must not lie down for 6 days and 7 nights Gilgamesh failed the taskbut Utunapishtim’s wife is merciful and convinces Utunapishtim to give him another secret of the gods; thegift is a plant that will make him a young man again Gilgamesh is weary of the plants power so he waited totest it until he returns to Uruk However, before he can return to Uruk, a snake ate the plant and Gilgameshreturned empty handed.2. Character list
The protagonist of the story and the King of Uruk. He is credited with having built thecity walls of Uruk to protect its people.
A wild man who becomes Gilgamesh's best friend.
A temple prostitute sent by Gilgamesh to civilize Enkidu. Shamhat seduces Enkiduand he sleeps with her for six days and seven nights.
Gilgamesh's mother and a goddess. She prays for Gilgamesh and Enkidu beforethey embark to fight Humbaba in the cedar forest.
The Guardian of the cedar forest. Humbaba is defeated and killed by Gilgamesh andEnkidu.
Goddess of Love, Fertility, and War, and daughter of Anu. Ishtar sends the Bull of Heaven to attack Gilgamesh after he spurns her advances.
The father of the Sumerian Gods. Ishtar appeals to him for help after Gilgameshspurns her advances
The boatman who takes Gilgamesh over the waters of the dead to see Utnapishtim.
Gilgamesh seeks him out after Enkidu's death. Utnapishtim tells Gilgamesh of theflood and tells him where to find a magic plant that can grant immortality.
The Bull of Heaven
Referred to in some translations as "Gugalanna," the Bull of Heaven was sent topunish Gilgamesh for rejecting Ishtar's sexual advances. Gilgamesh and Enkidu slaythe Bull of Heaven and insult Ishtar.
She discourages Gilgamesh on his pursuit for immortality but ultimately directs himto the boatman Urshanabi
The storm god, wind god, and god of destiny.