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Temporal Variation of Dinoflagellate species Composition along Fish Cage Farm at Santubong River

Temporal Variation of Dinoflagellate species Composition along Fish Cage Farm at Santubong River

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Published by Nadia Rajami
1.0

INTRODUCTION Dinoflagellates are one of the most important members of the phytoplankton in

marine and freshwater ecosystems which represent a major component in food webs (Saldiarriaga & Hoppenrath, 2010). Their cell sizes were range from 2 µm to 20 µm. More than 2,000 existing species have been described, only half of which are photosynthetic. They include autotrophs, mixotrophs and grazers (Taylor et al., 2007). Most of the photosynthetic “zooxanthellae” of invertebrate hosts are mutuali
1.0

INTRODUCTION Dinoflagellates are one of the most important members of the phytoplankton in

marine and freshwater ecosystems which represent a major component in food webs (Saldiarriaga & Hoppenrath, 2010). Their cell sizes were range from 2 µm to 20 µm. More than 2,000 existing species have been described, only half of which are photosynthetic. They include autotrophs, mixotrophs and grazers (Taylor et al., 2007). Most of the photosynthetic “zooxanthellae” of invertebrate hosts are mutuali

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Published by: Nadia Rajami on Jul 15, 2012
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11/08/2012

 
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Ambnf`okg``ogx oyg nbg nf jg enx mesnyob egeigyx nf jg sj}ns`obdnb mbeoymbg oba fygxj{ogy ghnx}xgex {jmhj ygsygxgb o eolny hnesnbgb mb fnna {gix*Xo`amoyymoko & Jnssgbyoj 93?3-" Qjgmy hg`` xm|gx {gyg yobkg fyne 9 ·e n 93 ·e" Enygjob 9333 gzmxmbk xsghmgx jovg iggb agxhymiga nb`} jo`f nf {jmhj oyg sjnnx}bjgmh"Qjg} mbh`wag ownynsjx emznynsjx oba kyo|gyx *Qo}`ny
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ogx}eimnbx s`wx o`` jnxg hywhmo` n yggf%iwm`ambk hnyo`x *Qo}`ny
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" 933;-" Xneg nf jgeoyg o`xn jg mesnyob xnwyhgx nf imn`wembgxhgbhg mb jg nhgob {jmhj hob `mkj ws o bmkj*Jo``gkyogff ?==7-" Igxmag amonex nvgy jo`f nf jg sygxgb%ao} ambnf`okg``ogx oygsjnnx}bjgmh oba oyg o jg ioxg nf eoymbg fnna {gi *Xsghny ?=:1-" Fwyjgyenygambnf`okg``og kmvgx fnna n fm`gy%fggambk imvo`vg xjg``fmxj xwhj ox n}xgyx ewxxg`xxho``nsx oba h`oex *Fowx 9339-"Ambnf`okg``ogx hob ig magbmfmga i} jg sygxgbhg nf amenysjmh f`okg``o4 nbgf`okg``we nymgbga oynwba jg hg`` oba jg njgy amyghga snxgymny {jmhj o``n{ jge nx{me fygg`} mb {ogy {mj o fny{oya xsmyo``mbk enmnb *Fowx 9339-" Obnjgy hjoyohgymxmhnf jg ambnf`okg``ogx mx jg {o`` hnbfmkwyomnb oba oyyobkgegb4 jo {ox ioxga nb jgsygxgbhg *oyenwyga- ny oixgbhg *wboyenwyga- nf o ymkma nwgy hg`` hnvgymbk ny o`xn dbn{box jgho" Qjg ambnf`okg``ogx jovg wbmqwg hjoyohgymxmhx" M hnbombx o amxmbhmvg bwh`gwxboega jg ambndoy}nb" Qjg ABO mx bn x}xgeom|ga oynwba bwh`gnxneo` jmxnbgx ox oxwixmwg m fnyembk fmiym``oy hjynenxnegx jo oyg o`{o}x hnbagbxga oba jo amvmag vmo oh`nxga emnxmx {mj ob gzgybo` xsmba`g *Qo}`ny
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" 933;-"[jgb ambnf`okg``og syn`mfgyogx n jmkjgy job bnyeo` hnbhgbyomnbx jg {ogy
eo} amxhn`nwy oba ossgoyx yga" Qjmx hnbamqmnb mx ho``ga ‐yga qmagx―" Qjg i`nnex eo} ig
 
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gmjgy nzmh ny bnzmnwx {jmhj jg} nfgb ohhwew`og mb xjg``fmxj ny fmxj oba {jgb jgxg oyggogb i} jweobx jg} howxg amxgoxgx `mdg soyo`}mh xjg``fmxj snmxnbmbk *SXS- bgwynnzmhxjg``fmxj snmxnbmbk *BXS- amoyyjgmh xjg``fmxj snmxnbmbk *AXS- oba hmkwogyo *Jo``gkyoff9331-" Igxmagx jweob jgo`j Joyefw` O`ko` I`nnex *JOIx- o`xn kmvg bgkomvg mesoh noqwohw`wyg nwymxe mbawxymgx oba n jg ghn`nk} nf jg {ogy x}xge" Voymnwx fohnyxjovg iggb oxxnhmoga n jg nhhwyygbhg nf JOIx sjgbnegbnb xwhj ox {mba oba hwyygbx`mkj gesgyowyg nz}kgb sJ oba bwymgb wsodg *Iwydjn`agy
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 9336-" Xneg xsghmgx{gyg bn i`nne fnyembk iw jovg sngbmo` nzmb synawhgyx" O fg{ xwamgx jovg anbg nbambnf`okg``og mb Xoyo{od Ymvgy mbh`wambk Xobwinbk Ymvgy" Qjg xwa} synvmagxmbfnyeomnb nb jg xsghmgx jo ovom`oi`g o Xoyo{od Ymvgy iw jg hnesnxmmnb nf ambnf`okg``ogx mb jg oygo nf oqwohw`wyg mx `memga" Qjg oqwohw`wyg gff`wgb emkj jovg obmbf`wgbhg n jg xsghmgx hnesnxmmnb nf ambnf`okg``ogx mb jo oygo oba jg sngbmo``} nzmbsynawhgy {m`` kmvgx bgkomvg mesoh bn nb`} n jg ymvgy x}xge iw o`xn n jg hnbxwegy{jn hnbxweg jg xgofnna nb jo oygo"Qjg nilghmvg nf jmx xwa} {ox n gvo`wog jg nhhwyygbhg nf ambnf`okg``ogx xsghmgxhnesnxmmnb o oqwohw`wyg oygo o`nbk Xobwinbk Ymvgy" Qjg hnesnxmmnb nf ambnf`okg``ogx mb Xobwinbk Ymvgy {gyg o`xn magbmfmga oba anhwegbga" Qjmx xwa} hnw`asynvmag ob wbagyxobambk nb jg anhwegbomnb oba o`` ozo nf ambnf`okg``ogx sygxgbhg nbjg xwa} oygo" Enyg nvgy jg snxxmi`g nzmh synawhgyx oba i`nne fnyembk ambnf`okg``ogxhob ig magbmfmga"
 
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Ambnf`okg``ogx oyg nbg nf jg enx mesnyob hnesnbgbx nf sj}ns`obdnb mbeoymbg oba fygxj{ogy ghnx}xge *Xsghny ?=:1-" Qjg sj}ns`obdnb ygsygxgb eolnyhnbxmwgb nf fnna {gix oba hoyy} nw sjnnx}bjgxmx n agsgbagb oqwomh ghnx}xge" Qjgambnf`okg``ogx oyg vgy} oiwbaob mb o`` }sg nf oqwomh ghnx}xgex oba hob ig fnwba `mvmbkox s`obdnb ny oohjga n xgamegbx xoba hnyo` ny nb jg njgy oqwomh s`obx *Jngd 
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Ambnf`okg``ogx oyg h`oxxmfmga ox Synmxx wbagy jg amvmxmnb Ambnsj}o mb inobmho`x}xge oba jg nyagy Ambnf`okg``mao ny Ambnf`okg``oo mb |nn`nkmho` x}xgex *Jnssgbyoj &Xo`aoyymoko 93?3-" Qjmx mx ighowxg xneg nf jg xsghmgx oyg enm`g oba jggynynsjmh {jm`gnjgy xsghmgx jovg hg`` {o``x oba oyg sjnnx}bjgmh *Hoiymbm
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 93?3-" Ossynzmeog`}oinw 1733 xsghmgx 773 kgbgyo oznbnemh aoo nf ambnf`okg``ogx jovg iggb agxhymiga obaenyg job jo`f nf jg xsghmgx oyg mb fnxxm` fnye" Fyne 9333 `mvmbk xsghmgx enyg job ?;33oyg eoymbg oba oinw 993 oyg fygxj{ogy *Qo}`ny
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" 933;-" Ambnf`okg``ogx xjn{ o kygoyobkg nf fnyex iw enx nf jmx amvgyxm} hob ig ygxn`vga n fmvg ioxmh }sgx *Qo}`ny ?=:3-mbh`wambk jg joyefw` xsghmgx"
9"?"? Ambnf`okg``oqgx Enysjn`nk}
Ambnf`okg``ogx oyg syganembob`} wbmhg``w`oy gwdoy}nmh f`okg``oga nykobmxex josnxxgx inj sjnnx}bjgmh oba bnb sjnnx}bjgmh hjoyohgyx" Qjgmy enysjn`nk} mx vgy}

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