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Elementary German

Elementary German

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Published by Ersan Sevinç

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Published by: Ersan Sevinç on Jul 15, 2012
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Essential German in Use
Grundstufen Grammatik für Deutsch alsFremdsprache
Writed byErsan SEVİNÇ
 
BASIC PHRASESGuten Morgen
goot-en mor-gen 
Good Morning
Guten Tag
goot-en tahk 
Hello/Good Day
Guten Abend
goot-en ah-bent 
Good Evening
Gute Nacht
goot-eh nakht 
Good Night
Tag / Hallo / Servus
tahk / hah-loh / sair-voohs 
Hi / Hello / Hi & Bye
(SouthernGermany & Austria)
Auf Wiedersehen
owf vee-dair-zayn 
Goodbye
Grüß dich / Grüß Gott!
Hello! / Greetings!
(SouthernGermany & Austria)
Tschüs / Tschau
tchews / chow 
Bye!
Gehen wir!
geh-en veer 
Let's go!
Bis später
biss shpay-ter 
See you later 
Bis bald
biss bahlt 
See you soon
Bis morgen
biss mohr-gen 
See you tomorrow
Bitte
bih-tuh 
Please
Danke (schön / sehr)
dahn-kuh shurn/zair 
Thank you
Bittescn
bih-tuh shurn 
You're welcome
Es tut mir leid.
ehs toot meer lite 
I'm sorry
Entschuldigen Sie
ehnt-shool-dih-gun zee 
Excuse me
Verzeihung
Pardon me
Wie geht es Ihnen?
vee gayt es ee-nen 
How are you? (formal)
Wie geht's?
vee gayts 
How are you? (informal)
(Sehr) Gut / So lala
zair goot / zo lahlah 
(Very) Good / OK
Schlecht / Nicht Gut
shlekht /nisht goot 
Bad / Not good
Es geht.
ess gate 
I'm ok. (informal)
Ja / Nein
yah / nine 
Yes / No
Wie heißen Sie?
vee hie-ssen zee 
What's your name? (formal)
Wie heißt du?
vee hiesst doo 
What's your name? (informal)
Ich heiße...
ikh hie-ssuh 
My name is... [I am called...]
Es freut mich.
froyt mikh 
Pleased to meet you.
Gleichfalls.
glykh-fals 
Likewise.
Herr / Frau / Fräulein
hair / frow / froi-line 
Mister / Misses / Miss
Woher kommen Sie?
vo-hair koh-men zee 
Where are you from? (formal)
Woher kommst du?
vo-hair kohmst doo 
Where are you from?(informal)
Ich komme aus...
ikh koh-muh ows...
I'm from...
Wo wohnen Sie?
vo voh-nen zee 
Where do you live? (formal)
Wo wohnst du?
vo vohnst doo 
Where do you live? (informal)
Ich wohne in...
ikh voh-nuh in 
I livein...
 
German Consonants
There are a few German consonants that do not exist in English, and some consonantcombinations that arenot common in English. Notice that the pronunciation of the German r changes according to the location in the countries that speak German, i.e. [R] in northernGermany and [r] in southern Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
SpellingIPASample wordsHow topronounce
ch (with vowels e and i)
[ç]
Chemie, mich,nicht
Make yuh sound voiceless (no vibration of vocal cords)
ch (with vowels a, o, u)
[x]
Buch, lachen,kochen
Make kuh sound a fricative (continuous airflow)
pf
[pf]
Apfel, Pferd,Pfanne
Pronouncetogether as one sound 
z
[ts]
Zeit, Zug, Tanz
Pronounce together as one sound 
j
[j]
ja, Januar,Junge
yuh 
qu
[kv]
Quote, Quiz,Quitte
kv 
st / sp (at beginning ofsyllable)
[ʃt] /[ʃp]
Stadt,sprechen
sht / shp 
sch
[ʃ]
schenken,schlafen
sh 
th
[t]
Theater, Thron
v
[f]
Vater, verboten
w
[v]
Wasser, warm
ß
[s]
Straße, groß
s (before vowel)
[z]
Salz, seit, Sitz
In addition, the sounds [b], [d], and [g] lose their voicing at the end of a syllable, so they arepronounced as their voicelesscounterparts [p], [t], and [k], respectively. However, the spellingdoes not reflect the pronunciation.
Stress
Stress generally falls on the first syllable of the word, except in words borrowed from other languages, where the stress falls on the last syllable (especially with French words.)

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