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Drought Risk Reduction Framework and Practices

Drought Risk Reduction Framework and Practices

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Drought Risk Reduction Framework and Practices
Drought Risk Reduction Framework and Practices

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Published by: Cottonwood Creek Watershed on Jul 15, 2012
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Drought Risk ReductionFramework and Practices
Contributing to the Implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action
Drought Risk Reduction Framework and Practices: Contributing to the Implementation o the Hyogo Framework or Action
Published by the United Nations secretariat o the International Strategy or Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Geneva, Switzerland, in partnershipwith the National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC), University o Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A. August 2009© United Nations, 2009© UNISDR, 2009 All rights reservedMay be reerenced as “UNISDR, 2009. Drought Risk Reduction Framework and Practices: Contributing to the Implementation o the HyogoFramework or Action. United Nations secretariat o the International Strategy or Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Geneva, Switzerland, 213 pp.” Any part o this text may be reproduced without permission provided that it is reproduced accurately and not in a misleading context and thesource o the material is clearly acknowledged by means o the above title, publisher and date. The wide dissemination, reproduction anduse o the document are encouraged. I any reproductions, translations or quotations are generated, a copy o the document or quotation isrequested to be orwarded to the UNISDR.Disclaimer: This publication has been assembled on a best endeavours basis and the UNISDR regrets any errors or omissions present.The inormation provided does not necessarily reect the views o the United Nations Secretariat, the members o the ISDR system or theorganizations reerred to in the publication. The designations employed and the presentation o the material in this publication do not implythe expression o any opinion whatsoever on the part o the Secretariat o the United Nations or the UNISDR concerning the legal status o anycountry, territory, city or area, or o its authorities, or concerning the delimitation o its rontiers or boundaries.United Nations secretariat o the International Strategy or Disaster ReductionInternational Environment House II7-9 Chemin de BalexertCH-1219 Chatelaine, Geneva, Switzerlandwww.unisdr.org and www.preventionweb.netEmail: isdr@un.orgUSA National Drought Mitigation Center,University o Nebraska-LincolnP.O. Box 830988Lincoln, NE 68583-0988, USAwww.drought.unl.eduEmail: ndmc@unl.eduPhoto cover: Drip system in Cauliower in Churiya, Makawanpur, Nepal. Boosting Poor Households’ Crop Production with Drip and SprinklerIrrigation. Manahari Development Institute – Nepal (MDI-Nepal).
In an increasingly vulnerable world, nations, communities and individuals are conronted daily with suering andloss o lives and livelihoods resulting rom disasters triggered by natural and human-induced hazards. Worldwide,the number o disasters has grown over recent decades. This trend will be aggravated with the projections relatedto global climate change. Coordinated actions o the international community are urgently needed in order toaddress the root causes o disasters and to signicantly increase national, local and community capacities to reducetheir vulnerabilities.Drought is one o the major natural hazard threats to people’s livelihoods and community socio-economicdevelopment. Each year, disasters originating rom prolonged drought not only aect tens o millions o people,but also contribute to amine and starvation among millions o people, particularly in some Arican countries.Drought is a slow-onset hazard, which provides time to consider and address its complex root causes, such asunderstanding people’s vulnerabilities and identiying unsae conditions related to poverty, ragile local economy,livelihoods at risk, lack o strategies and plans, limited institutional capacities and resources. Understanding theseissues allows government authorities and the public to undertake eective drought mitigation and preparednessmeasures.In January 2005, governments adopted the
Hyogo Framework or Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience o Nations and Communities to Disasters
, with the primary goal o achieving a substantial global reduction in disasterrisk, and contributing to the sustainable development o nations. The HFA provides comprehensive action-oriented policy guidance based on a holistic understanding o disasters, as induced by human vulnerability tonatural hazards, and it refects a solid commitment by governments and organizations to implement an eectivedisaster reduction agenda. In order to support the implementation o the HFA at all levels, a strong partnership isbeing orged throught the ISDR system. It comprises government representatives; international, regional, and UNorganizations; and civil society organizations, and aims at coordinating programmes and activities, identiy goodpractices and gaps, and promote positive action.With the aim o guiding the implementation o the HFA in respect to drought, the UNISDR secretariat incooperation with the National Drought Mitigation Center (University o Nebraska-Lincoln, USA) and other partnershas developed the present document, based on current thinking and practice in many countries. It elaborates aramework or understanding drought and vulnerability to drought, and provides guidance on actions to reducethe risks associated with drought. The document discusses drought policy and governance, risk identication andearly warning, awareness and knowledge management, and eective mitigation and preparedness measures. These ramework elements are illustrated with practical examples, techniques, and extensive backgroundinormation.
Drought Risk Reduction ramework and practices: Contributing to the Implementation o the Hyogo Framework or  Action
is intended to assist national governments and local communities, as well as international, regional anddonor communities, to address the root causes o drought-related disasters, and to reduce drought impacts andthe consequences or human welare and ood insecurity. The UNISDR will welcome any eedback, which will beincorporated in complementary versions.
Margareta Wahlström
Special Representative o the Secretary-General or Disaster Risk ReductionSecretariat o the International Strategy or Disaster Reduction, United Nations

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