In an increasingly vulnerable world, nations, communities and individuals are conronted daily with suering andloss o lives and livelihoods resulting rom disasters triggered by natural and human-induced hazards. Worldwide,the number o disasters has grown over recent decades. This trend will be aggravated with the projections relatedto global climate change. Coordinated actions o the international community are urgently needed in order toaddress the root causes o disasters and to signicantly increase national, local and community capacities to reducetheir vulnerabilities.Drought is one o the major natural hazard threats to people’s livelihoods and community socio-economicdevelopment. Each year, disasters originating rom prolonged drought not only aect tens o millions o people,but also contribute to amine and starvation among millions o people, particularly in some Arican countries.Drought is a slow-onset hazard, which provides time to consider and address its complex root causes, such asunderstanding people’s vulnerabilities and identiying unsae conditions related to poverty, ragile local economy,livelihoods at risk, lack o strategies and plans, limited institutional capacities and resources. Understanding theseissues allows government authorities and the public to undertake eective drought mitigation and preparednessmeasures.In January 2005, governments adopted the
Hyogo Framework or Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience o Nations and Communities to Disasters
, with the primary goal o achieving a substantial global reduction in disasterrisk, and contributing to the sustainable development o nations. The HFA provides comprehensive action-oriented policy guidance based on a holistic understanding o disasters, as induced by human vulnerability tonatural hazards, and it refects a solid commitment by governments and organizations to implement an eectivedisaster reduction agenda. In order to support the implementation o the HFA at all levels, a strong partnership isbeing orged throught the ISDR system. It comprises government representatives; international, regional, and UNorganizations; and civil society organizations, and aims at coordinating programmes and activities, identiy goodpractices and gaps, and promote positive action.With the aim o guiding the implementation o the HFA in respect to drought, the UNISDR secretariat incooperation with the National Drought Mitigation Center (University o Nebraska-Lincoln, USA) and other partnershas developed the present document, based on current thinking and practice in many countries. It elaborates aramework or understanding drought and vulnerability to drought, and provides guidance on actions to reducethe risks associated with drought. The document discusses drought policy and governance, risk identication andearly warning, awareness and knowledge management, and eective mitigation and preparedness measures. These ramework elements are illustrated with practical examples, techniques, and extensive backgroundinormation.
Drought Risk Reduction ramework and practices: Contributing to the Implementation o the Hyogo Framework or Action
is intended to assist national governments and local communities, as well as international, regional anddonor communities, to address the root causes o drought-related disasters, and to reduce drought impacts andthe consequences or human welare and ood insecurity. The UNISDR will welcome any eedback, which will beincorporated in complementary versions.
Special Representative o the Secretary-General or Disaster Risk ReductionSecretariat o the International Strategy or Disaster Reduction, United Nations