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Solution Manual - Chemistry-4th Ed. (McMurry)

Solution Manual - Chemistry-4th Ed. (McMurry)

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Published by Abdullah Raza Khan
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Published by: Abdullah Raza Khan on Jul 15, 2012
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04/12/2014

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 1
1
 
Assignment 1. Questions from chapters 1 and 2 of McMurry and Fay
 
Question numbers are from the fourth edition.Chapter 1. Chemistry: Matter and Measurement
 1.1 (a) Cd (b) Sb (c) Am1.2 (a) silver (b) rhodium (c) rhenium (d) cesium (e) argon (f) arsenic1.3 (a) Ti, metal (b) Te, semimetal (c) Se, nonmetal(d) Sc, metal (e) At, semimetal (f) Ar, nonmetal1.4 The three
A
coinage metals
@
are copper (Cu), silver (Ag), and gold (Au).1.5 (a) The decimal point must be shifted ten places to the right so the exponent is
S
10. Theresult is 3.72 x 10
S
10
m.(b) The decimal point must be shifted eleven places to the left so the exponent is 11. Theresult is 1.5 x 10
11
m.1.6 (a) microgram (b) decimeter (c) picosecond(d) kiloampere (e) millimole1.7
ooo
55C = x F _ 32) = x (98.6 _ 32) = C(37.099 
o
K =C + 273.15 = 37.0 + 273.15 = 310.2 K 1.8 (a) K =
o
C + 273.15 =
S
78 + 273.15 = 195.15 K = 195 K(b)
oooo
99F = ( x C) + 32 = ( x 158) + 32 = F = F316.4316 55 (c)
o
C = K
S
273.15 = 375
S
273.15 = 101.85
o
C = 102
o
C
oooo
99F = ( x C) + 32 = ( x 101.85) + 32 = F = F215.33215 55 1.9
33
m27.43 gd = = = 2.212 g/ cmV12.40cm 1.101 mLvolume = 9.37 g x = 6.32 mL1.483 g 1.11 The actual mass of the bottle and the acetone = 38.0015 g + 0.7791 g = 38.7806 g. Themeasured values are 38.7798 g, 38.7795 g, and 38.7801 g. These values are both close toeach other and close to the actual mass. Therefore the results are both precise andaccurate.
 
Chapter 1
S
Chemistry: Matter and Measurement
 _____________________________________________________________________________21.12 (a) 76.600 kg has 5 significant figures because zeros at the end of a number and after thedecimal point are always significant.(b) 4.502 00 x 10
3
g has 6 significant figures because zeros in the middle of a number aresignificant and zeros at the end of a number and after the decimal point are alwayssignificant.(c) 3000 nm has 1, 2, 3, or 4 significant figures because zeros at the end of a number andbefore the decimal point may or may not be significant.(d) 0.003 00 mL has 3 significant figures because zeros at the beginning of a number arenot significant and zeros at the end of a number and after the decimal point are alwayssignificant.(e) 18 students has an infinite number of significant figures since this is an exact number.(f) 3 x 10
S
5
g has 1 significant figure.(g) 47.60 mL has 4 significant figures because a zero at the end of a number and after thedecimal point is always significant.(h) 2070 mi has 3 or 4 significant figures because a zero in the middle of a number issignificant and a zero at the end of a number and before the decimal point may or may notbe significant.1.13 (a) Since the digit to be dropped (the second 4) is less than 5, round down. The result is3.774 L.(b) Since the digit to be dropped (0) is less than 5, round down. The result is 255 K.(c) Since the digit to be dropped is equal to 5 with nothing following, round down. Theresult is 55.26 kg.1.14 (a)24.567 g+ 0.044 78 g24.611 78 gThis result should be expressed with 3 decimal places. Since thedigit to be dropped (7) is greater than 5, round up. Theresult is 24.612 g (5 significant figures).(b) 4.6742 g / 0.003 71 L = 1259.89 g/L0.003 71 has only 3 significant figures so the result of the division should have only 3significant figures. Since the digit to be dropped (first 9) is greater than 5, round up. Theresult is 1260 g/L (3 significant figures), or 1.26 x 10
3
g/L.(c)0.378 mL+ 42.3 mL_ 1.5833 mL41.0947 mLThis result should be expressed with 1 decimal place. Since thedigit to be dropped (9) is greater than 5, round up. Theresult is 41.1 mL (3 significant figures).1.15 The level of the liquid in the thermometer is just past halfway between the 32
o
C and 33
o
C
 
Chapter 1
S
Chemistry: Matter and Measurement
 _____________________________________________________________________________3marks on the thermometer. The temperature is 32.6
o
C (3 significant figures).1.16 (a) Calculation:
ooo
99F = ( xC) + 32 = ( x 1064) + 32 = F1947 55 Ballpark estimate:
o
F
.
2 x
o
C if 
o
C is large. The melting point of gold
.
2000
o
F.(b) r = d/2 = 3 x 10
S
6
m = 3 x 10
S
4
cm; h = 2 x 10
S
6
m = 2 x 10
S
4
cmCalculation: volume =
π
r
2
h = (3.1416)(3 x 10
S
4
cm)
2
(2 x 10
S
4
cm) = 6 x 10
S
11
cm
3
 Ballpark estimate: volume =
π
r
2
h
.
3r
2
h
.
3(3 x 10
S
4
cm)
2
(2 x 10
S
4
cm)
.
5 x 10
S
11
cm
3
 1.17 1 carat = 200 mg = 200 x 10
S
3
g = 0.200 gMass of Hope Diamond in grams =0.200 g44.4 carats x = 8.88 g1 carat 1 ounce = 28.35 gMass of Hope Diamond in ounces =1 ounce8.88 g x = 0.313 ounces28.35 g 1.18 An LD
50
value is the amount of a substance per kilogram of body weight that is a lethaldose for 50% of the test animals.1.19 mass of salt =453.6 g1 kg4 g155 lb x x x1 lb1000 g1 kg= 281.2 g or 300 g
Understanding Key Concepts
 1.201.21

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