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Math 54 Lecture 5 - Differential Equations

# Math 54 Lecture 5 - Differential Equations

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Math 54 Lecture 5 - Differential Equations
Math 54 Lecture 5 - Differential Equations

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06/16/2013

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Differential Equations and Applications
Mathematics 54–Elementary Analysis 2
Institute of MathematicsUniversity of the Philippines-Diliman
1/22

Introduction
Deﬁnition. A differential equationis an equation involving a function of onevariable and its derivatives.Examples.
1
dy dx
=
6
3
2
2
du dy
=
y
y
3
3
2
dx
2
=
tan
sec
2
4

=
1
2
+
5Deﬁnitions.
1
Theorderof a differential equation is the highest order of thederivative in the equation. ((1)–(2) are of
order 1
, (3)–(4) are
of  order 2
.)
2
A
solution
of a differential equation is a function
=
f
(
) thatsatisﬁes the equation.
2/22

Differential Equations
Consider the differential equation
dy dx
=
tan
2
3
y
2
1.Notice that the above equation can be written as
y
2
1
dy
=
tan
2
3
x dx
Deﬁnition A differential equation that can be expressed in the form
f
(
)
dx
=
(
y
)
dy
is said to beseparable.
3/22

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