The New Age movement - a new approach to science?
Fr. Dan BădulescuFrom the materialistic-atheistic view to the new age "science".
The origin of natural science has to be found in ancient Greece, namely to the philosophers fromthe 5
centuries BC, more precisely in the schools of Ionian Miletus. These philosophers calledalsohylosoics - "those who believe that the matter is alive," an organicist-
monistic conception which did not distinguish between spirit and matter.Heraclitus of Ephesusused for this unit the term
,a term that waslater adopted bySt. John the Evangelistwith the well-known Christiantheological significance.Back in ancient times,theEleatic schoolintroduced ahenotheisticprinciple promoting acosmology in the materialisticrationalism way, a consequence of dualistic vision
spirit - matter
. The lastfield being accessible to the senses,was intended to answer the existential questions on the occurrence of the cosmos from chaos, multiplicity and variety of aspects of theorigin and natural phenomena were investigated causes of movementand change, the relationship between form and matter. Matter (
)as such was considered to be universal, eternal and uncreated. Themethods used by these philosophers were both direct empiricalobservation of natural phenomena and the widespread use of general and specific assumptions, aiming atthe development of movement theories of metaphysical and mathematical nature. From this need toexplain the antithesis unity-diversity observed in nature was born and developed in 6
centuries theatomistic theory "supported by Leucippus,DemocritusandEpicurus. In essence, this theory assumes that
the material ground is build upon indivisible particles (
), identical, eternal and indestructible.Material organization was considered to be discontinuous, being composed of solids, liquids and gases.Those atoms are moving freely in a space that contains elements of "vacuum" type.This theory was refuted in the same period by theStoics Zeno, Chrysippusand later Posidonius of
Apameia. They underlined
character of nature developing the "pneumatical" concept thatstands that space and matter is a continuum passed through and unified by a kind of aerial spirit whichthey called
, a word so familiar in meaning later to the Greek speaking Christians. The NaturalSciences being an area subject to fluctuations and arbitrariness, subjectivity and limited possibilities of wisdom (
) inherent to the human mind received a new personality that overturned both concepts:the great Aristotle. He was concerned primarily with the philosophical problem of constant movement,which has a constant cause that occurs in an environment of resistance. From this he deduced theimpossibility of vacuum existence, which is known as a medium of zero resistance. In Aristotle's physicscosmos was divided into two areas, one celestial and one terrestrial, governed by laws of differentquality.1