howard dean babbling about the southern strategy ....http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=09MLUVVg6D8
Richard M. Nixon: Politician, President, Administrator
Richard Nixon: The Southern Strategy and the 1968 PresidentialElectionGLEN MOORESome critics of Richard M. Nixon have vigorously attacked his1968 presidential campaign in the South. The 1968 Democraticparty nominee Hubert H. Humphrey said that, unlike Nixon, "Hewent to the South and refused to play the cheap politics of saying we would slow down desegregation." 1 Two AtlantaConstitution writers, Reg Murphy and Hal Gulliver, in TheSouthern Strategy, say Nixon's dealings with the South in the1968 election were based on a "calculated appeal to whitesegregationists sentiment." 2 In fact, the term itself, "SouthernStrategy," as Nixon's former senior speech writer William Safirewrites, implies "deviousness" and "discrimination." 3However,
Nixon's 1968 campaign in the South is too complex asubject to be so simply dismissed as is done in suchcriticism. This paper will more carefully examine thistopic as outlined here. First, in the campaign for theRepublican nomination, Nixon's primary victories and hisweak opposition gave him strong bargaining power withthe South. And as a result, Nixon at times clearly veeredfrom a Southern Strategy. Third, the South had a limitedrole in the general election. Last, Nixon's meetings andagreements with Southern leaders, and the specificattacks by Humphrey and by Gulliver and Murphy ondesegregation will be analyzed.
Nixon says that he had met with most southern leaders by thefall of 1967. After the great defeat of the 1964 GOP presidentialcandidate Barry Goldwater, Nixon believed that many Goldwatersupporters now wanted a candidate who could win, and theseconservatives would back him if he won in the primaries. 4Nixon won with huge majorities in almost all of the Republicanprimaries he entered--often outdrawing winners of theDemocratic primary. Then New York Governor Nelson A.Rockefeller's write-in candidacy, with the exception of Massachusetts, drew poorly. In the New Hampshire primaryNixon won over 84,000 votes, 79 percent of the vote, whileRockefeller received only 11,691 votes, or 11 percent of thevote. 5 Although not then a candidate, Rockefeller saidhe would accept a draft. The governor of Michigan at the time,George Romney, trailed Nixon so far in polls on the NewHampshire primary that he withdrew his candidacy about twoweeks before the election.Nixon drubbed Rockefeller in the Wisconsin primary on April 2,as he won 358,052 votes to his opponent's 7,296 write-in votes.6 Just after the Wisconsin primary, Nixon supported animportant open housing bill. Nixon talked with congressmen,