Safety Precautions in Laboratory
A Baker's Dozen Safety Rules (Plus I)
1: No eating or drinking in the lab.
This means no gum,cough drops, applying chapstick, chewing hair ends,holding a pencil in your mouth, nail-biting, etc.
Science Service hosts the web site of the InternationalScience and Engineering Fair, sponsored by Intel. Notethat their rules can regulate what happens in theclassroom while leaving room for lots of investigativeactivity.
2: Handle everything as if it's pathogenic.
Use goodmicrobiological practice. Soil and water samples thatstudents try to culture in class or for a science projectshould be handled with standard microbiological practiceunder adult supervision. Autoclave sterilize for 0.5 hr or flood with freshly prepared 10% bleach for 0.5 hr and rinsebefore disposing in the regular trash.
Setup your classroom so that if a flame IS to be used, it islocated far from the exit, so most students are closer tothe exit. Have any open alcohol beakers far from the flame--- for instance on another workbench --- so some of thealcohol evaporates while the tool is brought to the flame.
4: Keep electrical equipment far from water.
Keepareas around electrical equipment dry (aquaria excluded,of course!). Fun safety site.
Clean spills from the outside IN.
Apply paper towelsover the spill, then, carefully starting from the outside,wipe in.
Always clean glassware before you use it
to be surethat residues are cleaned away. Add at least some water first, before adding any liquid or solid solutes.