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Forearm, Wrist and Hand

Forearm, Wrist and Hand

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Published by Floriza de Leon

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Published by: Floriza de Leon on Jul 17, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/17/2012

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FOREARM, WRIST ANDHAND
Prepared by: Floriza P. de Leon, PTRP
 
Distal Radioulnar Joint
Uniaxial pivot joint that has one degree of freedom
Resting position: 10 supination
Close packed position: 5 supination
Capsular pattern: full ROM with pain at extreme of rotation
 
Radiocarpal (Wrist) Joint
Biaxial ellipsoid joint
Radius articulates with scaphoid and lunate
Distal radius is not straight but is angled toward the ulna(15-20), and its posterior margin projects more distally to
provide a “buttress effect”
 
Lunate and triquetrium also articulate with the triangular cartilaginous disc and not the ulna. (the disc extends fromthe ulnar side of the distal radius and attaches to the ulnaat the base of the ulnar styloid process)
The disc adds stability to the wrist; creates a closerelation between the ulna and carpal bones and bindstogether the distal ends of the radius and ulna.

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