acted as a judge he always kept the interest of thecommon man and the society at heart. He is consideredas the first judge who justified the right of the commonman in a philosophical manner and said,
"It is the duty of every ruler to honour the right of the common maneven ignoring the interest of the complainant. It isnecessary to see that justice is done to the entiresociety for the maintenance of law and order"
. He madesuch laws that people were forced to get together andhave links with one another; and in the matter of rightsand duties he treated everyone alike.
Imam Abu Hanifa who is known as Imam-e-Azam wasthe student of the great grandson of Ali (A.S.). He had learned the Islamic jurisprudence through his father and grand father. In the same way Maalik Ibne Anas received the lessons in Islamic jurisprudence from the grandsonof Ali (A.S.) who had learned the same from Ali (A.S.).Maalik learned from Rabeea, Rabeea from Akrama, Akrama from Abdulla Ibne Abbas, and Abdulla Ibne Abbas from Ali (A.S.). Abdulla Ibne Abbas who was theteacher of all these scholars was once asked as to what relations his knowledge has with the knowledge of hiscousin Ali (A.S.). Abdulla replied,
"The same which adrop has with the ocean"
Many got perplexed about him and imagined him to bean incarnation of God. But he himself was pious andGod-fearing. In his personality so many contrastingfacets had so gathered that it was difficult to believe thata human mind could manifest such a combination. It issaid that scholars produce students and not followers.Socialist create followers and not a complete man.Ascetics teach submission and not fighting, but in Ali(A.S.) we find the characteristics of a scholar, an ascetic,