: QUASI-ACTIVE POWER FACTOR CORRECTION CIRCUIT FOR HB LED DRIVER 1411
Fig. 1. Basic quasi-active PFC circuit.Fig. 2. Equivalent circuits for direct-feed mode: (a) output current increasing;(b) output current decreasing.
eachDCbulkcapacitor and )and(b)coupled-boostmode(occurs when the input voltage is lower than the voltage of eachDC bulk capacitor).
a) Direct-Feed Mode:
As the PFC
s output current ischanged from zero to a
xed) value, the input line willdirectly feed energy to the load and the resonant capacitorthrough the recti
er and the primary winding of C_inductor[Fig. 2(a)]. The load current passing through stores en-ergy which will be released to the resonant capacitor andthe capacitors and through when it goes to zero[Fig. 2(b)]. During this time, the input source charges theresonant capacitor and the two DC bulk capacitors andthrough . Because the output voltage of the bridgerecti
er is less than the sum of the voltages on capacitorsand , the charging current through will decay. It is clearthat during this mode, the capacitors and store part of the input energy and their voltages increase.
b) Coupled-Boost Mode:
Since the input AC voltage islower than the voltage on and during this mode, the reso-nant capacitor releases its stored energy resulting in a reduc-tioninitsvoltagewhentheloadcurrentischangedfromzerotoa
xed) value. When the voltage on becomes lower thanthat on and , the two capacitors will release the stored en-ergy to the load and the resonant capacitor [Fig. 3(a)]. Theenergy release corresponds to currents
owing through wind-ings and of the coupled inductor and the stored energy.The coupled inductors and also resonate with the capac-itor .As the load current goes back to zero, the coupled induc-tors and continue to resonate with , whose voltageincreases. As the voltage across re
ected to the secondaryis less the voltage across and , diodes and turn off,and the stored magnetic energy in and is transferred to. The inductor will release the stored magnetic energy tothe resonant capacitor , and . At the same time, theinput power line will also directly feed energy to the capacitors, and , as shown in Fig. 3(b). It is clear that during thismode, the capacitors and release the stored energy to theload and have their voltage decrease.As shown in Fig. 1, the re
ected load current is the currentthrough the active switch in the following DC/DC converteror discontinuous current load. The current stress on the activeswitch is decided only by the output load current and it is inde-pendent of the input PFC current. The voltage stress on the ac-tive switch is determined by the maximum input voltage of thefollowing DC/DC converter. The quasi-active PFC circuit hasautomatic voltage regulation that helps to keep the maximumDC bus voltage close to the amplitude of the input voltage forall load conditions.III. P
A. Power Factor Correction
During the direct-feed mode, the current through is com-posedoftwopartsasshowninFig.4(a),thepulsecurrentwhichis the re
ected load current when the active switch of DC/DCconverter turns on, and Fig. 4(b), the decaying current through. The slope of the decaying current is proportional to the dif-ference between the input recti
ed AC voltage and the DC busvoltage. It is easy to see that the current through will decayslowly as the instantaneous recti
ed AC voltage approaches theDC bus voltage. It means that, as the recti
ed AC voltage getsclosetotheDCbusvoltage,theaveragecurrentthrough overone switching period will increase.The mathematical expression for the average input currentduring one switching period is given by(1)(2)where is the DC bus voltage; is the re
ected load cur-rent; and are associated with , switching frequency ,and .Fora