Geometric Dimensioning and To l e r a n c i n g
Summary of Geometric
Dimensioning and Tolerancing
Actual Local Size.
The value of any individual distanceat any cross section of a feature.
Actual Mating Size.
The dimensional value of theactual mating envelope.
Actual measured size of a feature.
The diff erence between the larger shaft sizelimit and the smallest hole size limit.
Tolerancing of a feature at a speciﬁed angleother than 90 degrees from a ref erenced datum.
A theoretically “perfect” dimensionsimilar to a ref erence or nominal dimension. It is used to
identify the exact location, size, shape, or orientation of af eature. Associated tolerances are applied by notes, feature
control frame, or other methods, excluding tolerance
within title blocks.
Tolerances that are applied to anominal dimension in the positive and negative directions.
The permitted allowable increase intolerance as the feature departs from the material conditionidentiﬁed within the feature control frame.
A tolerance that identiﬁes an inﬁnite
number of single circular elements measured at crosssections on a feature when the feature is rotated 360degrees for each cross section.
A tolerance that controls the circular crosssection of round features that is independent of otherf eatures. The tolerance zone boundary is formed by two
concentric perfect circles.
A condition between mating parts inwhich the internal part is always smaller than the externalparts it ﬁts into.
The condition of two or more featureshaving coincident axes.
Compound Datum Features.
Two datum features usedto establish a datum or axis plane.
A tolerance in which the axis of a featuremust be coaxial to a speciﬁed datum regardless of the
datum’s and the feature’s size. The lack of concentricity is
A tolerance that simultaneously controlsa surface of revolution for straightness, parallelism, andcircularity of a feature, and is independent of any other fea-tures on a part. The tolerance zone boundary is composedof two concentric perfect cylinders.
Ref erence points, lines, planes, cylinders, and
axes which are assumed to be exact. They are establishedf rom datum features.
The axis of a ref erenced datum feature such
as a hole or shaft.
A feature which is used to establisha datum.
Datum Feature of Size.
A feature that has size, such asa shaft, which is used to establish a datum.
Datum Identiﬁcation Symbol.
A special rectangular boxwhich contains the datum ref erence letter and a dash on
either side of the letter. It is used to identify datum features.
Datum: Feature Simulator.
A surface of adequatelyprecise form (such as a surface plate, a gage surface, or amandrel) contacting the datum feature(s) and used to
establish the simulated datum(s).
Entering a datum ref erence letter in
a compartment of the feature control frame followingthe tolerance value.
Datum: Reference Frame.
Three mutually perpendi-cular planes that establish a coordinate system. It is created
by datum ref erences in a feature control frame or by a note.
A point, axis, or plane established byprocessing or inspection equipment, such as the following:simulator, surface plate, a gage surface, or a mandrel.
The use of a tool contacting adatum feature used to simulate a true geometric counter-part of the feature.
A tool used to contact a datum feature.
Speciﬁed points, lines, or areas on a
f eature used to establish datums.
Datum Target Area.
A speciﬁed area on a part that iscontacted to establish a datum.
Datum Target Line.
A line on a surface that is contactedto establish a datum.
Datum Target Point.
A speciﬁed point on a surface usedto establish a datum.
Datum Target Symbol.
A circle divided horizontallyinto halves containing a letter and number to identifydatum targets.
Envelope, Actual Mating.
The term is deﬁned according
to the type of features as follows:(a)
For an External Feature
. A similar perfect featurecounterpart of smallest size that can be circum-
scribed about the features so that it just contacts thesurface at the highest points. For example, a small-est cylinder of perfect form or two parallel planes