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A Master's Guide to Using Fuel Oil Onboard Ships

A Master's Guide to Using Fuel Oil Onboard Ships

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Published by: anil.rai on Jul 18, 2012
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The Standard P&l ClubThe Standard P&I Club’s loss prevention programme ocuseson best practice to avert those claims that are avoidableand that oten result rom crew error or equipment ailure.In its continuing commitment to saety at sea and theprevention o accidents, casualties and pollution, the clubissues a variety o publications on saety-related subjects,o which this is one.For more inormation about these publications, pleasecontact the Standard Club or visit www.standard-club.com ABSFrom its oundation in 1862, promoting maritime saety has been the core commitment o ABS. ABS is a provider o marine and oshore classiication services.The responsibility o the classiication society is to veriy that marine vessels and oshore structures comply withRules that the society has established or design,construction and periodic survey.Thanks to Mr I. Koumbarelis and Mr K. Kotsos o AmericanBureau o Shipping (ABS) or inormation provided withinthis document.KittiwakeEstablished in 1993, Kittiwake Developments has growninto a global provider o monitoring and testing technology solutions with oices in the UK, Germany, USA, and Asia.Kittiwake are experts in machinery condition monitoring,uel and lube oil analysis and marine water testing.FTS/HotransFTS/Hotrans started their activities in 1987. The activitiestake place in the so called ARA-area (Amsterdam-Rotterdam- Antwerp). FTS/Hotrans’ oices are located in Rotterdamand Antwerp. All activities are perormed with double hull vessels, a totalo 23 tank barges in 2009. Obtaining a double hull leet wasan important objective set a decade ago. The largest tankbarge o FTS Hotrans had a capacity o 6.745 MT, and thesmallest tank barge had a capacity o 900 MT. All tank bargesoperate and/or working with the latest techniques romindustry. During 2008 this will grow to 100% in conormancewith the ormulated objective a couple o years ago. In 2007the biggest vessel o FTS/Hotrans had a capacity o6.745 ton.Service Terminal RotterdamService Terminal Rotterdam started her operations inOctober 2003. Two main activities orm the core o STR’soperations. The irst activity is servicing ship-to-shiptransshipments, lay-by and the supply o Nitrogen to lay-by and ship-to-ship vessels which commenced since the starto the company.The second STR activity is storage o heavy uel in onshoretanks, this activity started mid-2005.
February 2012
 AuthorMark C. FordSenior SurveyorCharles Taylor & Co LimitedStandard House12–13 Essex StreetLondon WC2R 3AA UK Tel: +44 20 3320 2316Email: mark.ord@ctcplc.comWeb: www.standard-club.comThe authors acknowledge technical contributions romcolleagues and associates.The authors express their particular thanks to:I. Koumbarelis
 ABS Europe Piraeus Engineering Department
K. Kotsos
 ABS Europe Piraeus Engineering Department
Matthias Winkler
Ed Versluis
FTS Hotrans
01 Introduction 0302 Fuel oil and insurance claims 04
What is uel oil? 04
03 Bunkering 08
Responsibility 09Bunker plan 10Communication 10Pollution prevention measures 11Tank capacities 14Bunker checklists 16Bunker system set-up 17Continuous checks 18Fuel delivery dubious practices 18Flowmeter readings 18Completion 22Sampling and analysis 23Onboard testing 26Fuel quality 27Bunker system maintenance 35
04 Documentation 36
Charterparty clauses 36Bunker Supply Contracts 38Bunkering instructions 38Oil Record Book 38Bunker receipts 40Letters o protest 40Fuel oil analysis reports 41
05 Storage 42
Heating 42Bunker capacity 43Settling tanks 43Saety 43Service tanks 44Guidance in preparation or uel changeover 45Fuel changeover procedure basic guidelines 46Sludge and uel oil leakage tanks 48
06 Processing 51
Fuel transer 51Settling tanks to service tanks 51Centriugal separation (puriiers) 51Filtration 54Viscosity control 55
07 Machinery using uel oil 56
Main engines and boilers 56Leakage protection 60Fireighting 60

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