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Table Of Contents

Preface
Chapter 1 - Safety First
Introduction
Safety Tip # 1 - Small is Beautiful
Safety Tip # 2 - Splitting the Difference
Safety Tip # 3 - Grind Separately
Safety Tip # 4 - Watch the Wet Stuff
Safety Tip # 5 - Familiarity Breeds Contempt
Safety Tip # 6 - Watch out for Sparks
Safety Tip # 7 - No Metal, No Metal, No Metal !
Safety Tip # 8 - Dress for Success
Safety Tip # 9 - Don't Go it Alone
Safety Tip # 1O - Speed Kills
Safety Tip # 12 - Think About the Fallout
Safety Tip #14 - Be Careful when Testing
Safety Tip # 16 - Safer is Not the Right Word
Safety Tip # 17 - Be Prepared
Safety Tip # 18 - Walk the Walk
Chapter 2 - The Right Stuff
Potassium Nitrate - In General
Potassium Nitrate Grades - In General
Potassium Nitrate - Analytical Reagent Grade
Potassium Nitrate - Laboratory Grade
Potassium Nitrate - Pharmacy Grade
Potassium Nitrate - Food Grade
Potassium Nitrate - Technical Grade
Potassium Nitrate - Fertilizer Grade
Sulfur
Charcoal
Water
Alcohol
Substitute Materials
Chapter 3 - Entry Level Black Powder
Basic Entry Level Requirements
The Next Step
Grinding Away
Water Works its Wonders
Granulation
Safer When Wet
Making Black Powder Using Granulation
Improving the Process
Chapter 4 — The Charcoal factor
What is Charcoal?
Carbonization - Turning Wood into Charcoal
Good Charcoal vs. Bad Charcoal
Charcoal Briquettes
Willow Charcoal - Myths and Facts
Acacia Charcoal
Activated Charcoal
Ailanthus Charcoal
Air Float Charcoal
Alder Charcoal
Animal Charcoal
Apple Charcoal
Artist's Charcoal
Aspen Charcoal
Balsa Charcoal
Bamboo Charcoal
Beech Charcoal
Buckthorn Charcoal
Cherry Charcoal
Coconut Shell Charcoal
Cotton Charcoal
Cottonwood Charcoal
Dogwood Charcoal
Grape Vine Charcoal
Grass Charcoal
Hazel Charcoal
Hemp Charcoal
Hornbeam Charcoal
Horse Chestnut Charcoal
Jute Charcoal
Lime Charcoal
Madrone Charcoal
Maple Charcoal
Mesquite Charcoal
Oak Charcoal
Paulownia Charcoal
Pine Charcoal
Plum Charcoal
Poplar Charcoal
Serviceberry Charcoal
Sesban Charcoal
Tamarind Charcoal
Teak Charcoal
Turmeric Charcoal
Umbauba Charcoal
Charcoal Substitutes
The Quest for the Ultimate Charcoal
Chapter 5 -- Charcoal factor II
Charcoal Pits
Figure 5-2. Charcoal Earth Kiln on Sloping Ground
Charcoal Mounds
Figure 5-4. Rectangular Mound Kiln
Charcoal Hard-Walled Kilns
Charcoal Brick Kilns
Drum Charcoal
The Retort Method - An Overview
Finding the Right Wood
Preparing the Wood
Inner or Outer?
Optimized Charcoal
Optimization Strategies
Buck
Focusing on Charcoal
Focusing on the Other Ingredients
Fiddling with the Formula
Grinding Away Better
The "in solution" Solution
The "out of solution" Solution
Putting on the Pressure
Pressed is Best?
Pressing Methods and Techniques
Chapter 7 - The CIA Connection
Approach
Discussion
Experimental
Black Powder Preparations -- Initial Phase
Table 7-4. Granulation and Burn Rate Comparisons
Application Tests
Conclusions
The CIA Method
Improving the CIA Method
Optimizing the CIA Method
Stamp Mills
Ball Mills
Chapter 8 -- Milling Methods
Wheel Mills
Jet Mills
Small Scale Techniques
• motorized pestles and mortars
Motorized Pestles and Mortars
Coffee Grinders
Blenders
Tumblers
Ring and Puck Pulverizers
Small Ball Mills
Small Wheel Mills
Notes
Ball Mill Safety
Simple Jar Mills
Vibratory Ball Mills
Milling Media
Wooden Balls?
Charging the Mill
Mill Speed
Wet or Dry?
Chapter 10 — Turbocharged Black Powder
Fast Powders and Their Uses
How Fast is Fast?
How Safe is Fast?
Competition Grade Black Powder
Moving On
Mandatory Milling
Consider Corning
Milling Options
Single Component Milling
Double + Single Component Milling
Double + Double Component Milling
Double Component Milling + Dissolved KNO3
Pressing and Corning
Beyond Corning
Competition Grade Black Powder Revisited
GOEX Black Powder Revisited
Chapter 11 — Black Powder on a Shoestring
Expensive - A Path That is Best Less Traveled
Cheaper Potassium Nitrate
Cheaper Sulfur
Cheaper Charcoal
Cheaper Alcohol
Cheaper Water
Weighing Cheaply
Ball Milling Cheaply
A Cheap Junk Box Ball Mill
Cheaper Sieves
Cheaper Temperature Control
Early History
The Problems with Black Powder Research
The Black Powder in Question
Chemical Reactions
The Significance of Charcoal
The Ignition Process
The Influence of Moisture
The Effect of Aging
Conclusion
References
Cool Marble
Ideas that Suck
Chapter 13 -- Other Methods
Du Pont's Crazy Idea
Enriched with Vitamin C
Why Test?
Accuracy, Precision and Repeatability
Principles of Accurate Measurement
Apples and Oranges
Early Eprouvettes
Vertical Ratchet Eprouvettes
Straight Eprouvettes
V-Spring Eprouvettes
Pistol Eprouvettes
Mortar Eprouvettes
The Eprouvette of du Me
Wagner's Lever Gauge
Du Pont's Recoil Gauge
Ballistic Pendulums
Eprouvettes under Fire
Linear Burn Rate Tests
Du Pont's Quickness Tester
Other Miscellaneous Test Methods
Linear Burn Rate Tests Revisited
Strand Burn Rate Tests
Quickness Tests
Closed Bomb Tests
Pyro Baseball
Photography
Electronic Sensors
Using Thermocouples
Using RTDs
Electronic Test Equipment
General Purpose Electronic Timers
Eprouvettes Revisited
Palm-of-Hand Tests Revisited
Lead Tubes
Chemical Analysis
Density Measurements
Sieve Sizing
Firearms
Apples and Oranges Revisited
Acknowledgements
Further Reading
Index
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Black Powder Manufacturing, Testing and Optimising by Ian Von Maltitz

Black Powder Manufacturing, Testing and Optimising by Ian Von Maltitz

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Published by: coldluck on Jul 18, 2012
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