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EDC Lab I Manuals

EDC Lab I Manuals

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05/06/2013

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Date: ………………
P-N JUNCTION DIODE CHARACTERISTICS
AIM:
1.To study the forward and reverse characteristics of a PN junction diode.2.To find cut-in voltage, static resistance, dynamic resistance and reverse resistance.
APPARATUS:
1. Bread Board.2. DC Regulated Power Supply (0-30V/1A).3. Diode 1N4007 (1No’s).4. Resistors with ±10% tolerance (1/2W)
:-
1K
(1No’s).5. DC Ammeter 0-200mA (1No’s), 0-200µA(1No’s).6. DC Voltmeter 0-20V (1No’s).7. Connecting Wires
CIRCUIT DIAGRAMS:

Forward Bias:

Reverse Bias:
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Date: ………………
PROCEDURE:Forward Bias:
1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram shown in Fig 1.2. Vary the input voltage from (0-10V) in small steps and note down thecorresponding forward voltage (V
) in volts across the diode andforward current (I
) in mA readings and tabulate.3. Plot a graph by taking (V
) in volts on X-axis and (I
) in mA on Y-axis.4. Calculate the cut-in-voltage from the graph.5. Calculate the static resistance by using the formula = V
/
I
in

ohms.6. Calculate the dynamic resistance by using the formula = ΔV
/
ΔI
in ohms.
Reverse Bias:

1. Connections are made as per the circuit diagram shown in Fig 2.2. Vary the input voltage from (0-10V) in small steps and note down thecorresponding reverse voltage (V
) in volts across the diode andreverse current (I
) in µA readings and tabulate.3. Plot a graph by taking (V
) in volts on X-axis and (I
) in mA on Y-axis.4. Calculate the reverse resistance by using the formula = V
/
I
in ohms.
EXPECTED GRAPH:
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Date: ………………
OBSERVATIONS:Forward Bias: Reverse Bias:PRECAUTIONS:
1) Check up the connections made on the board to avoid open and short circuits.2) Connections should be made properly.
RESULT:
The forward and reverse characteristics of a PN junction diode are studied and observed.1)Cut-in-Voltage. =________
2)
Static Resistance. =_________
3)
Dynamic Resistance. =_________ 4) Reverse Resistance. =__________
REVIEW QUESTION:
1)
In forward bias characteristic change the resistance value to 2KΩ and observe thedrop across the resistor for all values of input voltage.2)Sum up the drops across the diode and resistor and verify is it equivalent to theinput voltage or not.
CONCLUSIONS:
(To be written by the student after completion of the experiment with review questions.)VBITPage 3
S.NoDiode voltage V
(V)Diode current I
(mA)S.NoDiode voltage V
r
(V)Diode current I
r
(
µ
A)