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Sustainable Tourism - 17th APPF meeting, Laos, January 2009

Sustainable Tourism - 17th APPF meeting, Laos, January 2009

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Published by Nyoman Rudana

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Nyoman Rudana on Jan 11, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/22/2009

 
POINT OF INTERVENTION OF THE INDONESIAN UPPER HOUSE ( DPDRI ) ON THE AGENDA ITEMS OF 17
TH
APPF MEETINGIn Vientiane, Lao PDR, 11 – 15 January 2009
Sustainable Tourism.
In Indonesia Development Guidelines 1999, tourism in Indonesia has to be developed throughan integrated system, interdisciplinary, participatory approach, using economical and technicalcriteria, ergonomic, sosio cultural sensitivity, energy saving, nature conservation andminimizing the environmental impact. The old tourism development approach has beenchanged to increase the welfare of local people participating in tourism.Based on this fact, the opportunity to develop ecotourism as a strategy to build sustainabletourism is huge.Indonesia considers that ecotourism is a comprehensive tool to conserve biodiversity and toinvolve local communities and organize in a participatory approach to drive maximum benefitin a sustainable way. Ecotourism has a potential to improve the quality of the environment,cultural values, local community prosperity, and the quality of human relations in general. All the abovementioned hope in regard with sustainable tourism would become reality if thefollowing activities can be focused, accelerated and arranged as :
a.Research and planning
 Actively conducting research to find a simple solution in creating models of ecotourismdevelopment.
 b.
Capacity Building
Improving technical capacity is one of the key of success factors in achieving sustainabletourism management. Empowerment is not only be enhanced at local community level butmore importantly at the level of tourism developers, managers and decision makers. It’s alsonecessary to build the capacity of ecotourism planning and management by facilitatinginformation access, providing human resources development through training and provideopportunity for internship.
c.
 Destination Development 
Facilitating regional and local partners to develop their areas to become ecotourismdestination becomes a priority. The role of destination development creates a model of ecotourism development which is appropriate for and can accommodate nature conservation,cultural heritage and community participation.
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Some examples in the development of community based ecotourism can be found in West BaliNational Park, Togean Islands - Central Sulawesi, Conservation Education based ecotourismin Gunung Halimun National Park - West Java, Ecotourism Development in Betung KerihunNational Park in West Kalimantan, Community Based Ecotourism Development in Menorehand Borobudur, Magelang district – Central Java, and Wakatobi Island for marine tourism inSouth East Sulawesi.
d.Marketing
Taking the opportunity to promote ecotourism products, in the form of books, newsletters,policy papers and ecotourism packages. As marketing is one of the biggest obstacles incommunity based ecotourism development in Indonesia, it needs a coordinated marketingefforts and supported marketing through its international networking.
e.
 Monitoring and Evaluation
To guarantee visitors satisfaction, local economic growth, natural resources protection,positive cultural exchange, heritage preservation and community involvement inecotourism. It needs to develop guidelines to monitoring and evaluation for ecotourismdestinations as part of its responsibility to minimize negative impact. For example,monitoring system in Bodogol Conservation Education Center in Gunung Gede PangrangoNational Park, implementing environmental programs in number of hotels in Bali underBali Focus and supported by Center for Environmental Leadership in BusinessConservation International.
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Bahasa Indonesia
Pariwisata Berkelanjutan
Dalam Pelita 1999, turisme di Indonesia dikembangkan melalui sistem yang terintegrasi,interdisiplin, dnegan pendekatan partisipatif, menggunakan kriteria ekonomi dan teknis,ergonomic, sensitivitas sosio kultural, penghematan energi, konservasi sumber daya alam, danmeminimalkan dampak lingkungan. Pendekatan lama dari ekoturisme telah diubah untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan penduduk local yang berpartisipasi dalam pariwisata.Berdasarkan pada fakta ini, maka peluang untuk mengembangkan ekoturisme sebagai strategiuntuk membangun pariwisata berkelanjutan adalah besar.Indonesia berpendapat bahwa ekoturisme merupakan alat yang komprehensif untuk memeliharakeaneka ragaman hayati ( biodiversities ) dan diorganisir dengan pendekatan partisipatif untuk mencapai benefit maksimal secara berkelanjutan. Ekoturisme mempunyai potensi untuk meningkatkan kualitas lingkungan, nilai – nilai budaya, kemakmuran masyarakat, dan kualitashubungan antar manusia secara umum. Semua harapan di atas dalam kaitannya dengan pariwisata berkelanjutan, akan menjadikenyataan bila aktivitas beirkut ini dapat difokuskan, dipercepat dan dilakukan sebagai berikut :
a.Penelitian dan perencanaan
Secara aktif melakukan riset untuk menemukan solusi yang mudah dalam menciptakan modelpengembangan ekoturisme.
 b. Pembangunan Kapasitas
Peningkatan kapasitas teknis meurpakan salah satu kunci sukses dalam mencapai manajemenpariwisata berkelanjutan. Pemberdayaan tidak hanya ditingkatkan pada tingkat komunitas localnamun lebih penting lagi untuk dilakukan pada tingkat para pengembang pariwisata, managerdan para pembuat keputusan. Penting juga sekiranya untuk membangun kapasita sdariperencanaan ekoturisme dan manajemen dengan memfasilitasi ketersediaan akses informasi,mengembangkan SDM melalui pelatihan dan memberikan kesempatan untuk magang.
c.
Pengembangan Tujuan Wisata
Memfasilitasi partner regional dan local untuk mengembangkan wilayahnya untuk menjadidestinasi ekoturisme adalah prioritas. Peran pengembangan tujuan wisata menciptakan suatumodel pengembangan ekoturisme yang sesuai dan dapat menampung konservasi sumber dayaalam, warisan budaya dan partisipasi masyarakat.Beberapa contoh dalam pengembangan komunitas berdasarkan ekoturisme dapat ditemukan diTaman Nasional Bali Barat, Pulau Togean, Sulawesi Tengah, pendidikan Konservasi berdasarkanekoturisme di Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Jabar, pembangunan Ekoturisme di Taman
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