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Dimensions of ChangeThe three Major Areas of Change:
In the course of business operations it is necessary to change the strategy toachieve goals or even to change the mission of the organization. Changing themission of the organization in essence results in changing the culture.Organizations that decide to focus on a single mission often need to change themission and divest themselves of unrelated business.
Organizations often find it necessary to change the structural design of thecompany. As the plans change the organization changes. But structural design alsorelates to other areas of structure. When a company changes its procedures,policies, and rules it is changing its structure. This includes policies inemployment, pay, and evaluation, and the procedures associated with vacations,grievances, and sick leave.
This type of change focuses on changing the attitudes, behaviors, skills, orperformance of employees in the company. In changing the skills and performanceof employees this can be done through training, replacing present employees, orincreasing the job performance expectations of new hires.
SOURCES/FORCES OF CHANGE
An organization may find it necessary to change for a number of differentreasons. These reasons surface from outside the company and inside the company.
External Sources of Change
External source of change may include technology, competition, governmentactions, economic variables, and social values. Government regulations on health,safety, and the conduct of business affect an organization. Equal EmploymentOpportunity Commission guidelines that have been enacted that influencing hiring,pay, training, and promotion decisions. Tax Law Change. Economic conditions,such as recession, inflation, and interest rates are sources of changes. Lastly, thecultural changes in such areas as modes of dress, reasons for people working,composition of workforce, and changes in traditional female and male roles canaffect the organizational environment.