Culturally appropriate behaviorwhen visiting heiau, wahi pana, andsacred sites in Hawai‘i
were constructed under the direction of the
(high chiefs) and
(priests).They were dedicated to different gods forvarious purposes which could change over timewith a new
(divine power) of the
(prohibitions) at thesesites. These are some of the types of
are for treating the sick andtraining in the art of healing. An example isKeaïwa Heiau in ‘Aiea, O‘ahu.•
tend to be the largest and mostelaborate. Dedicated to the war-god Kü, theseare the
of the ruling chiefs. Examples areMo‘okini and Pu‘ukoholä Heiau on Hawai‘iIsland and Pu‘u O Mahuka Heiau on O‘ahu.•
are dedicated to Käne andLono for peace, fertility, and agriculturalproductivity. Ulupö Heiau in Kailua has been rededicated as this type of
.Rocks collected from beaches, streams, and themountains provide an abundance of buildingmaterial for shpond walls, house platforms,enclosures, and religious sites. Hawaiians use atechnique called
or dry stone masonry.Their skill at locking the stones in place withoutany mortar is evident in the massive shpondwalls and
that remain hundreds of yearsafter their construction.Without the use of mortar, these stackedstone structures arenow fragile and subjectto collapse.
Do notwalk on or over anyof these structures
for your safety, theprotection of the site,and respect for theircultural value. Helppreserve these sacred places for the future.
A number of
can be visited innational, state, and county parks, botanical gardens,and resorts. Before visiting, check websites for hours,directions, fees, and possible restrictions.
• Pu‘ukoholä Heiau National Historic Site• Mo‘okini Heiau State Monument• Ku‘emanu Heiau, Kahalu‘u Beach Park• Häpaiali‘i Heiau, Keauhou Resort• Hikiau Heiau, Kealakekua State Historical Park• Hale O Keawe, Pu‘uhonua O Hönaunau NationalHistorical Park
• Wailua Complex of Heiau, Wailua River State Park(Hikinaakalä, Kalaeokamanu, & Poliahu Heiau)• Kauluapä‘oa Heiau, Hä‘ena State Park
• Haleki‘i-Pihana Heiau State Historic Site• Ohala Heiau, Wai‘änapanapa State Park• Pi‘ilanihale Heiau, Kahanu Garden
• Keaïwa Heiau State Recreation Area• Pu‘u O Mahuka Heiau State Historic Site• Ulupö Heiau State Historical Park• Kü‘ïlioloa Heiau, Pöka‘ï Bay Beach Park• Kükaniloko Birthstones State Historic Site• Hale O Lono, Waimea Valley
This brochure was designed and printed by ‘AhahuiMälama I Ka Lökahi and the Kailua Hawaiian Civic Clubwith a grant from the Hawai‘i Tourism Authority, KükuluOla Program.
Nä Akua, Hawaiian gods, spirits or deities,took various forms in nature referred to as
. There are four major gods and thousandsof other gods and spirits (
National Tropical Botanical Garden
Ulupö Heiau, Kailua, O‘ahu
God of the ocean and voyaging,represented by the
A creator, associated with freshwater,the source of life. Käne is oftenrepresented by an upright stone
God of politics and warfare, both a builder and a destroyer, represented by the wide-mouth
God of fertility, peace, and harvest,represented by the tall, pearl-eyed
. Makahiki, the annual harvestfestival, is dedicated to him.
Pi‘ilanihale Heiau, Häna, Maui
NĀ AKUA TYPES OF HEIAUSITES TO VISIT
It is unlawful to take, excavate, destroy, or alter any historicsite on state land. Violation is subject to a ne of $10,000(HRS, Chapter 6E-11). Sites on federal land are protectedunder the Archaeological Resources Protection Act.
TO LEARN MORE &GET DIRECTIONS
Department of Land & Natural ResourcesDivision of State Parkswww.hawaiistateparks.orgNational Park ServiceHawai‘i Parkswww.nps.gov/state/HINational Tropical Botanical GardenKahanu Garden, Häna, Mauihttp://ntbg.org/gardens/kahanu