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Wahi Pana Brochure

Wahi Pana Brochure

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Published by Sam Ohu Gon III
A brochure introducing the visitor and unfamiliar to some basic concepts related to proper behavior in and around sacred sites in Hawaiʻi.
A brochure introducing the visitor and unfamiliar to some basic concepts related to proper behavior in and around sacred sites in Hawaiʻi.

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Sam Ohu Gon III on Jul 19, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/15/2012

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NĀ WAHIPANA
Respectinghawaiiansacred sites
Culturally appropriate behaviorwhen visiting heiau, wahi pana, andsacred sites in Hawai‘i
 Heiau
were constructed under the direction of the
ali‘i nui
(high chiefs) and
kähuna
(priests).They were dedicated to different gods forvarious purposes which could change over timewith a new
ali‘i
. The
mana
(divine power) of the
ali‘i
dictated strict
kapu
(prohibitions) at thesesites. These are some of the types of 
heiau
:
 Heiau ho‘öla
are for treating the sick andtraining in the art of healing. An example isKeaïwa Heiau in ‘Aiea, O‘ahu.
 Heiau luakini
tend to be the largest and mostelaborate. Dedicated to the war-god Kü, theseare the
heiau
of the ruling chiefs. Examples areMo‘okini and Pu‘ukoholä Heiau on Hawai‘iIsland and Pu‘u O Mahuka Heiau on O‘ahu.
 Heiau mäpele
are dedicated to Käne andLono for peace, fertility, and agriculturalproductivity. Ulupö Heiau in Kailua has been rededicated as this type of 
heiau
.Rocks collected from beaches, streams, and themountains provide an abundance of buildingmaterial for shpond walls, house platforms,enclosures, and religious sites. Hawaiians use atechnique called
pä pöhaku
or dry stone masonry.Their skill at locking the stones in place withoutany mortar is evident in the massive shpondwalls and
heiau
that remain hundreds of yearsafter their construction.Without the use of mortar, these stackedstone structures arenow fragile and subjectto collapse.
Do notwalk on or over anyof these structures
for your safety, theprotection of the site,and respect for theircultural value. Helppreserve these sacred places for the future.
A number of 
heiau
and
wahi pana
can be visited innational, state, and county parks, botanical gardens,and resorts. Before visiting, check websites for hours,directions, fees, and possible restrictions.
HAWAI‘I ISLAND
• Pu‘ukoholä Heiau National Historic Site• Mo‘okini Heiau State Monument• Ku‘emanu Heiau, Kahalu‘u Beach Park• Häpaiali‘i Heiau, Keauhou Resort• Hikiau Heiau, Kealakekua State Historical Park• Hale O Keawe, Pu‘uhonua O Hönaunau NationalHistorical Park
KAUA‘I
Wailua Complex of Heiau, Wailua River State Park(Hikinaakalä, Kalaeokamanu, & Poliahu Heiau)• Kauluapä‘oa Heiau, Hä‘ena State Park
MAUI
• Haleki‘i-Pihana Heiau State Historic Site• Ohala Heiau, Wai‘änapanapa State Park• Pi‘ilanihale Heiau, Kahanu Garden
O‘AHU
• Keaïwa Heiau State Recreation Area• Pu‘u O Mahuka Heiau State Historic Site• Ulupö Heiau State Historical Park• Kü‘ïlioloa Heiau, Pöka‘ï Bay Beach Park• Kükaniloko Birthstones State Historic Site• Hale O Lono, Waimea Valley
This brochure was designed and printed by ‘AhahuiMälama I Ka Lökahi and the Kailua Hawaiian Civic Clubwith a grant from the Hawai‘i Tourism Authority, KükuluOla Program.
Nä Akua, Hawaiian gods, spirits or deities,took various forms in nature referred to as
kino-lau
. There are four major gods and thousandsof other gods and spirits (
kini akua
).
National Tropical Botanical Garden
Ulupö Heiau, Kailua, O‘ahu
KANALOA
God of the ocean and voyaging,represented by the
he‘e
(octopus).
KĀNE
A creator, associated with freshwater,the source of life. Käne is oftenrepresented by an upright stone
.
God of politics and warfare, both a builder and a destroyer, represented by the wide-mouth
ki‘i
(image).
Lono
God of fertility, peace, and harvest,represented by the tall, pearl-eyed
ki‘i
. Makahiki, the annual harvestfestival, is dedicated to him.
Pi‘ilanihale Heiau, Häna, Maui
FRAGILE RESOURCES
NĀ AKUA TYPES OF HEIAUSITES TO VISIT
NOTICE
It is unlawful to take, excavate, destroy, or alter any historicsite on state land. Violation is subject to a ne of $10,000(HRS, Chapter 6E-11). Sites on federal land are protectedunder the Archaeological Resources Protection Act.
 TO LEARN MORE &GET DIRECTIONS
Department of Land & Natural ResourcesDivision of State Parkswww.hawaiistateparks.orgNational Park ServiceHawai‘i Parkswww.nps.gov/state/HINational Tropical Botanical GardenKahanu Garden, Häna, Mauihttp://ntbg.org/gardens/kahanu

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