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Published by muslimah51
a short essay on the virtues of Ramadan, the requirements of fasting and the features of Ramadan
a short essay on the virtues of Ramadan, the requirements of fasting and the features of Ramadan

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Published by: muslimah51 on Jul 19, 2012
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A shield from Hell-Fire 
Allah has reserved a time upon His slaves purposely for His remembrance and worship; whether it isdaily (i.e. five daily prayers
) or weekly (i.e. Jum’ah) monthly (i.e.
the four sacred months i.e.Muharam (1
), Rajab (7
), Dhul Qi’dah (11
) and Dhul Hijjah (12
)) or yearly (i.e. Ramadan, Laylat ulQadr and the two eids) and whether it is circumstantial such as birth, death tragedy oraccomplishment every moment in a
life revolves around the oneness of Allah in worship
 Tawheed.Particularly, Ramadan is a time for intense devotion, worship and obedience to Allah as it is a chanceto reap numerous benefits associated to this month and as recorded by Bukhari and Muslim theperson who fasts with faith hoping for a reward will be forgiven of their previous sins, and the fastingperson will also have a chance to save themselves from the punishments of Hell-Fire by striving togain closeness to Allah through improvements and or increasing of their faith and acts of worshiptowards Allah and good deeds to earn His mercy.When the month of Ramadan begins
an Angel from the Heavens calls out: ‘O seeker of good there is
glad tidings for you, O seeker of evil withhold yourself 
then all the gates of Paradise are flung openwhile all the gates of Hell-Fire are locked shut and it is emphasized that the gates of Hell-Fire aretightly locked and the devils are chained to show that the mercy of Allah is easier to receive and theone who fasts will have their face seventy years further away from Hell-Fire [Recorded by Bukhariand Muslim] and that many are freed from the Hell-Fire (by Allah) [Recorded by At Tirmidhi and IbnMajah].
Fasting during the days of Ramadan
Fasting in Ramadan is a commandment of Allah and its laws can be
found from Qur’an 2: 183 –
“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it wasdecreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.” 
*Qur’an 2: 183+
 The beginning ten days of Ramadan are of mercy, the middle ten days of this month are of forgiveness and the final ten days is the redemption from Hell-Fire. Allah has prescribed fastingduring the days of this month to help the Muslim control their desires which would lead them to sinand disobedience and to help them attain righteousness and strengthen their conviction in Him. Thefasting of a Muslim is the only type that is done with true conviction and is therefore unlike any othertypes of fast where it may only involve the abstaining from meat, or the abstaining from food but notwater.
Abu Hurai
rah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: “Allah has said ‘all the deeds of ahuman are for him except fasting. It is for Me and I shall reward it.’ The fast is a shield. If it is a day in
which one of you is fasting, he should avoid sexual relations and quarrelling. If anyone wants to pick
a fight with him, he should say ‘I am fasting.’ By the One in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad,
the smell coming from the mouth of a fasting person is better to Allah than the scent of musk. Forthe fasting person they are two occasions of pleasure; when he breaks his fast he is pleased andwhen he meets his Lord he will be pleased with his fasting.
[Recorded by Bukhari, Muslim and An
Laylat ul Qadr 
There is a night in Ramadan which is highly sought after
, it was the night the Qur’an was sent down
to Prophet Muhammad s.a.w and it is known as Laylat ul Qadr (The Night of Power/Decree) whichmay fall on one of the odd numbered nights during the last ten days of Ramadan and any acts of worship towards
Allah on this night is better than a thousand months of worship (see Qur’an 97: 3)
and that the fate of a person is decreed on this night.One of the best
that may be recited on Laylat ul Qadr is that which the Prophet s.a.w taught to
‘Aa’ishah (
rduh). Al-Tirmidhi narrated
that ‘Aa’ishah said: “I said, ‘O Messenger of All
ah, if I knowwhich night is Laylat ul Qadr, what should I say on
that night?’ He said, ‘Say: All
ahumma innaka
‘afuwwun tuhib
b al-
‘afwa fa’affu ‘anni which means:
O Allah, You are forgiving and You loveforgiveness, so forgive me
Preparations for Ramadan
Throughout life Allah reminds His slaves to come back to Him in repentance. Ramadan is one way of doing so but it takes preparation to enter this month in an obedient and humbled manner in which ispleasing to Allah and to also reap its many benefits. As for those who enter Ramadan without anypreparation they have done a great injustice to themselves. The Muslim will do well to preparemonths in advance through voluntary fasts, seeking knowledge of the requirements of Ramadan andthe laws of fasting, to lower their gaze and enjoin good upon themselves and one another and toforbid the evil upon themselves and one another.
And as Ramadan approaches prepare one’s m
for charity, prepare one’s time for taraweh prayers, prepare one’s strength for fasting and charitablegood deeds and prepare one’s mind for patience and reverence to Allah Azawajal.
The Fiqh of fasting in Ramadan
Ramadan begins when a number of righteous Muslims have sighted the new moon or thirty days of 
Sha’ban has passed.
Then the Muslim should fast (from dusk to dawn) if the others are fasting andbreak their fast when the others break their fast; that is the law of welcoming Ramadan and it isre
corded in Muslim, Bukhari and An Nisa’i.
 It is obligatory upon the sane, mature aged (reached the age of puberty), non travelling and healthymale and female Muslim to fast in the month of Ramadan with the exception of the woman in
menses or the pregnant woman, those who are sick and permanently ill or the elderly who are tooweak to fast. For the one who is travelling, or is sick or is in menses they should repay their missedfasts another time but the pregnant or nursing women and elderly have the option to feed a poorperson for every missed day of fasting and it is recorded by Al Bayhaqi and Al Abani.Essential components of the fast
To be an adult Muslim of sound mind and that means to fast with faith.
To be purified from spiritual impurities such as sexual defilement, menstruation or postpartum bleeding.
To make the intention every night to fast before the fajr prayer.
To refrain from all that which will invalidate the fast such as: intentionally eating or drinking,intentionally vomiting and sexual intercourse
. Note: permissible acts during one’s fast are:cupping or drawing blood though it is disliked for the weak, rinsing one’s mouth and nose
without putting the water too deep, washing oneself for the purpose of cooling down, kissingor touching on
e’s spouse but only if one is able to control their actions and
lastly to use atooth stick, perfume, oil, kohl, eye drops and injections.
To adhere to
the Sunnah of fasting such as waking up before fajr for sahoor (even if it’s just a
sip of water), to refrain from vain speech, lieing and foul language and to hasten towards
generosity and studying the Qur’an and hastening to
perform many good deeds for themercy of Allah and to break the fast saying what the Prophet s.a.w had said [recorded in AbuDawood]:
“the thirst has gone, the veins have moistened and the reward is confirmed, Allahwilling” breaking the fast should be done
on time with dates or water as a Sunnah too.
To avoid bid’ah (innovated matters) that has no basis from the Qur’an
or Sunnah of ProphetMuhammad s.a.w.
Things to do in Ramadan
Ramadan is a time to hasten towards good as its reward during this month are multiplied over andover while one should avoid committing the forbidden or disliked things as sins committed duringthis month are more serious than in other times.
hasten to give charity and zakaat ul fitr which is given to the poor and needy at the end of Ramadan as an offering for expiation for their shortcomings i.e. gossiping etc which mayhave occurred during their fasts
feeding the poor and giving food to the fasting person when it is time to break the fast isequivalent in reward of the one who fasts without taking their reward from them
pray taraweh in congregation for reforming and purifying the heart
recite the Qur’an
to receive tenfold worth of rewards for every single letter recited
e to Allah for forgiveness and mercy for the du’a of a fasting person is guaranteed
I’tikaf “retreat” for worship at a mosque
which is Sunnah to do during the last ten days of Ramadan seeking the night of Laylat ul Qadr
At the end of Ramadan it is Sunnah of the Prophet s.a.w to offer an eid prayer in an openarea to conclude Ramadan and to express gratitude and appreciation towards Allah

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