menses or the pregnant woman, those who are sick and permanently ill or the elderly who are tooweak to fast. For the one who is travelling, or is sick or is in menses they should repay their missedfasts another time but the pregnant or nursing women and elderly have the option to feed a poorperson for every missed day of fasting and it is recorded by Al Bayhaqi and Al Abani.Essential components of the fast
To be an adult Muslim of sound mind and that means to fast with faith.
To be purified from spiritual impurities such as sexual defilement, menstruation or postpartum bleeding.
To make the intention every night to fast before the fajr prayer.
To refrain from all that which will invalidate the fast such as: intentionally eating or drinking,intentionally vomiting and sexual intercourse
. Note: permissible acts during one’s fast are:cupping or drawing blood though it is disliked for the weak, rinsing one’s mouth and nose
without putting the water too deep, washing oneself for the purpose of cooling down, kissingor touching on
e’s spouse but only if one is able to control their actions and
lastly to use atooth stick, perfume, oil, kohl, eye drops and injections.
To adhere to
the Sunnah of fasting such as waking up before fajr for sahoor (even if it’s just a
sip of water), to refrain from vain speech, lieing and foul language and to hasten towards
generosity and studying the Qur’an and hastening to
perform many good deeds for themercy of Allah and to break the fast saying what the Prophet s.a.w had said [recorded in AbuDawood]:
“the thirst has gone, the veins have moistened and the reward is confirmed, Allahwilling” breaking the fast should be done
on time with dates or water as a Sunnah too.
To avoid bid’ah (innovated matters) that has no basis from the Qur’an
or Sunnah of ProphetMuhammad s.a.w.
Things to do in Ramadan
Ramadan is a time to hasten towards good as its reward during this month are multiplied over andover while one should avoid committing the forbidden or disliked things as sins committed duringthis month are more serious than in other times.
hasten to give charity and zakaat ul fitr which is given to the poor and needy at the end of Ramadan as an offering for expiation for their shortcomings i.e. gossiping etc which mayhave occurred during their fasts
feeding the poor and giving food to the fasting person when it is time to break the fast isequivalent in reward of the one who fasts without taking their reward from them
pray taraweh in congregation for reforming and purifying the heart
recite the Qur’an
to receive tenfold worth of rewards for every single letter recited
e to Allah for forgiveness and mercy for the du’a of a fasting person is guaranteed
I’tikaf “retreat” for worship at a mosque
which is Sunnah to do during the last ten days of Ramadan seeking the night of Laylat ul Qadr
At the end of Ramadan it is Sunnah of the Prophet s.a.w to offer an eid prayer in an openarea to conclude Ramadan and to express gratitude and appreciation towards Allah