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P. 1
Jaipur Leads India in Pothole Repair Technology During Monsoon

Jaipur Leads India in Pothole Repair Technology During Monsoon

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This note invokes Indian highway engineers to use latest readymade cold pothole patching mix (the so-called Kandhal mix) for repairing potholes during monsoon rather than filling potholes with soil or aggregate. Specifications & cost analyses used by the Jaipur Development Authority and Rajasthan PWD are given which should be followed by engineers in India.
This note invokes Indian highway engineers to use latest readymade cold pothole patching mix (the so-called Kandhal mix) for repairing potholes during monsoon rather than filling potholes with soil or aggregate. Specifications & cost analyses used by the Jaipur Development Authority and Rajasthan PWD are given which should be followed by engineers in India.

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Published by: Prof. Prithvi Singh Kandhal on Jul 19, 2012
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12/27/2012

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18July2012
JaipurLeadsIndiainPotholeRepairTechnologyduringMonsoon
DearHighwayColleague:Areyoustillfillingthepotholeswithsoilandstoneduringthismonsoon?Ifso,it’sashameforus–thehighwayengineersofIndia!WecansendChandrayaantomoonbutweareusing19
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Centurytechnologyforrepairingpotholesduringmonsoon.Incivilizedcountries,potholesarefilledpromptlyassoonastheyappearwithreadymadecoldbituminousmixduringrainyseasonandwinterseason.Arewecompetenttechnicallytodothesame?TheanswerismostlyYES.DowehavethedesireandnecessaryWILLtodothesameforthesakeofourcountryandmotoringpublic?Unfortunately,theanswerismostlyNO.However,thereissomelightinthisutterdarkness.ThereistheJaipurDevelopmentAuthority(JDA)whichisusingthelatestreadymade,generic,coldbituminouspatchingmixtechnologyduringmonsoonsince2010.Theyhavedonethiskindofpatchrepairsworthmorethanonecroreofrupeeswithgreatsuccess.Afterall,theyhavetomaintainover6,000kmlaneofroadsandstreetsinandaroundJaipur.Now,RajasthanPWDisfollowingJDA’sleadandisusingthistechnologyallacrossRajasthanduring2012monsoon.[PleaseseethenewswhichappearedinDainikBhaskardailypaperdated11July2012;seethebottomleftoftheattachedpage;forthosewhocannotreadHindi,anEnglishtranslationisalsoattached.]Whatisthisgeneric(unpatented),readymadecoldbituminousmixtechnology?WhileworkingintheStateofPennsylvania,USAasChiefAsphaltEngineer,Ihadtheprivilegeofdevelopingasimpleandeffectivecoldbituminousmixforpotholesduringearly1980s.Thismixcanbeusedtofillpotholesduringtherainyseasonevenwhentheyarewet.Nopreparationofthepotholeisrequiredforthis“idiotproof”mix.InanationwideUSStrategicHighwayResearchProgram(SHRP)fieldstudy,thismixwasadjudgedasnumberoneintermsofitsdurabilityinpotholes.About78%ofthepatchessurvivedforover4years.WhenintroducedinPennsylvania,USAthismixwasunofficiallycalled“Kandhalmix”bycontractors.IthasbeenusedinextremecoldandrainyweatherintheUSforover30years.Thisdurablereadymadecoldmixcanbemadeandstoredfor6months.Itcanbemadebyanybituminousmixplant(portableorstationary)inIndiausinglocalmaterials.IhavealsosuccessfullytrieditonJaipurstreetsandonJaipur-AgraRoadwiththehelpofthestudentsandfacultyofMalviyaNationalInstituteofTechnologyinJaipurandIJM.ItalsohasbeentriedsuccessfullybytheWestBengalPWDandIITGuwahati.Thenutsandboltsofthisunpatented,genericreadymademix,astohowitismadearegiveninapaperpublishedintheJournaloftheIndianRoadsCongress,Volume69-3,2008.Thispapercanbeaccessedatthefollowinglink(acopyisalsoattachedforreadyreference):
 
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http://www.scribd.com/doc/19380290/A-Simple-and-Effective-Method-of-Repairing-Potholes-in-IndiaWithmyvoluntarytechnicalassistance,theJDAisusingthismixsuccessfullysince2010.TheyhaveissuedworkorderworthmorethanRupeesonecrore.Mr.SapanMishra,JDAEngineer,canbecontactedater_sapanmishra@yahoo.co.inifyouhaveanyquestionsonitslargescalefielduseinJaipur.JDAhasnameditas“Kandhalmix”inspecification/tender/contractdocumentstodifferentiateitfromotherpatentedreadymademixessuchasShelmac.IfyouragencydoesnotwanttoacknowledgeorgivecredittoProf.KandhalwhodevelopedthemixintheUSandispromotingitinIndiastrictlyonavolunteerbasis,thisnomenclaturecanbechangedto“JaipurMix”intheattachedspecification.Now,asmentionedearlier,theRajasthanPWDisusingthismixduringthis2012monsoonacrossthewholestate.Ihavetrainedtheirhighwayengineersinproducingandlayingthismix.Ipreparedtheattachedspecificationsforthem,whichcanalsobeusedbyyouifyouhavetheWILL.IfyoureadthespecificationsandIRCpapercarefully,youdonotneedanytraining,itisallcommonsense.CostanalysesforproducingandlayingthismixbasedonRajasthanPWDBasicScheduleofRatesisalsoattachedforyourinformationsoyouknowwhattoexpectwhencallingtenders.LetmemakeitveryclearagainthatIamjustanIndiancitizenvolunteersharingthistechnologyinmymothercountry;Idonothaveanypatentonthismix;Idonothaveanycompanywhichproducesorsellsthismix;IamnotapaidconsultanttoJDAorRajasthanPWD.Inotherwords,Idonothaveanyulteriormonetarymotivewhatsoever.Unfortunately,youwillfindinyourorganization(publicorprivate)manypeoplewhoareverygoodinfindingexcuses/negativepointsfornottryinganewmaterial/technology.Someofthepossiblelameexcusesareasfollows:
Itistooexpensive.Costanalyseshaveshownthecostofrepairingpotholeswithreadymadecoldmixisaboutthesameascostofrepairingwithhotmixbecausethelatterismorelabour,material(tackcoat),andequipment(roller)intensive.Moreoverwecannotusehotmixduringrainyseasonanyway.Ifweconsiderthatpotholesgetlargeranddeeperduringthethreemonthsofmonsoonandthereforewillrequiremuchmorehotmix,thecostofpromptrepairofpotholeswithcoldmixmaybehalfthatwiththehotmix.“Astitchintimesavesnine”.Moreover,whatisthecostofinjuries/fatalities;vehiclerepaircosts;anduserdelaysresultingfromunfilledpotholes?Itisveryhardtoestimatethesecosts.Ifweareacivilizedcountrywesimplycannotwaitandrepairpotholesaftermonsoonendsaswehavebeendoingforthelast65yearsafterindependence.
ThereisnoIndianRoadsCongress(IRC)orMORTHspecificationforreadymadecoldpatchingmix.Thisisagainalameexcuse.ThespecificationspreparedbymehavebeenadoptedbytheJDAandRajasthanPWD.Whycan’tyou?Moreover,manyofyouarealready
 
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usingpatentedreadymadecoldmixmadewithforeigntechnologyandarepayingpremiumprice.Thisproposedgenericmixislessthanhalfthepriceofthosepatentedmixes.Whyareyoupayingmorewhenthismixcanbemadebyyourlocalcontractor?[Foryourinformation,IhadsubmittedthedraftspecificationforthisgenericreadymadecoldpatchingmixsometwoyearsagototheFlexiblePavementCommitteeoftheIndianRoadsCongress(IRC).IhavenoideaifandwhenitwillbeadoptedbyIRC.Isincerelyhopetheyadoptsoon.]Thismixisalsoveryhandyforcontractorswhoareresponsibleformaintainingnationalhighways,statehighwaysorPMGSYroadsduringtheconcessionorwarrantyperiod.Ifthereareafewpotholesthereisnoneedtoarrangehotmix;takesomebagsofthis“idiotproof”mixandalabourerinacarorpickupandgetthepotholesrepaired.Sowhatareyouwaitingfor???Isincerelyhopewestillhavesomededicated,honest,andenthusiasticmayors/engineersinthemetros,PWD,CPWD,MORTH,NHAI,BRO,ArmyoranywhereinIndiawhoreallycarefortheircity,stateandcountry.Hopefully,theywillproducethismixanduseitduringmonsoonandthroughouttheyear.Thepublicwillseethedifferenceandwillappreciatepromptanddurablerepairofpotholes.Iamreadytoassistthegovernmentorprivateagenciesonavolunteerbasis.Withtheavailabilityofthismix,thereisnoexcusetouse19thCenturytechnologyforfillingpotholesonourstreetsandroadsinIndia.Again,Iamattachingthetwospecifications;costanalyses;IRCpaperonthistechnology;andnewsonthesuccessofthismixinJaipur.Doyoustillhaveanexcuse?Sincerely,Prof.PrithviSinghKandhalJaipur,Rajasthanpkandhal@gmail.comHomepage:www.eng.auburn.edu/users/kandhps“AmericanroadsarenotgoodbecauseAmericaisrich,butAmericaisrichbecauseAmericanroadsaregood.”-JohnF.KennedyAboutthewriterProf.KandhaliscurrentlyAssociateDirectorEmeritusoftheNationalCenterforAsphaltTechnology(NCAT)atAuburnUniversity,Alabama,USA.Priorto joiningthislargestasphaltcenterintheworldin1988,heservedasChiefAsphaltEngineerofthePennsylvaniaDepartmentofTransportationUSAfor17years.Prof.Kandhalhasheldthefollowingthreehighlyprestigiouspositionsinroadtechnology:(a)ChairmanoftheUSTransportationResearchBoard(TRB)Flexible(Asphalt)PavementCommittee;(b)ChairmanofASTMCommitteeD04onRoadandPavingMaterials;and(c)PresidentoftheAssociationof

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