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Ecologic Model

Ecologic Model



|Views: 7,759 |Likes:
Published by Jamil Lorca

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Jamil Lorca on Jan 11, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in which the pancreas can no longer produces enough insulin or cells stop responding to the insulin that is produced, so thatglucose in the blood cannot be absorbed in the ells of the body.In the case of our patient, the form of diabetes she has is Type 2; itsometimes called age-onset or adult- onset diabetes. This is probably due to helifestyle before. She is fond of drinking and eating foods that are high in sugar,environmental factors may also involve. The clients’ relatives also have this illness,which the family or genetic history of diabetes play a role in the occurrence of diabetesmellitus.
B. Pre-disposing Factors
Host-female-63 years old-sedentary lifestyle-family history of diabetes-diet
Agent-chemical- glucose (and any type of sugar)
Environment-living conditions-economic level
Ecologic Model
 Host-female-63 y/o-sedentary lifestyle-family history-dietAgent-Living conditions-glucose-economic level
C. Analysis
The agent-host-environment model is primarily use in predicting illnessrather than promoting wellness, although identification of risk factors that result fromthe interactions of agent, host, and environment are helpful in promoting andmaintaining health. Because each of the agent-host-environment factors constantlyinteracts with others, health is an ever changing state. Health is seen when all threeelements are in balance while illness is seen when one, two, or all three elementsare not in balance
(Fundamentals of Nursing by Kozier 2004)
Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized byelevated levels of glucose in the blood (hyperglycemia) resulting from defects in insulinsecretions, insulin action or both. Insulin controls the level of glucose in the blood byregulating the production and storage of glucose. In the diabetic state, the cells maystop responding to insulin or the pancreas may stop producing insulin entirely.
(Fundamentals of Nursing by Taylor)
Diabetes Mellitus is disorder, when we eat; most of the food we eat isbroken down by digestive juices into chemicals. Type 2 diabetes mellitus- these clientshave insulin resistance with relative deficiency. Ages, lack of exercise, history of GDM,hypertension, dyslipidemia are all risk factors.
(Medical- Surgical Nursing by Lois White.pg.698)
D. Conclusion
We therefore conclude that our client is suffering from Type 2 DiabetesMellitus. Probably due to her lifestyle before and having a family history of the disease.Other risk factors may also involve such as age and the way of living.
E. ManagementMedical Management:
-oral hypoglycemic AgentsE.g. SULFONYLUREA, GLIPZIDE, METFORMIN

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