introduction. Keep in mind that the scorers of your essays are the scorers of everyone else’s essays.They read hundreds of responses to the same issues and arguments. You must make your essay stand out.What better way to make it stand out than to make it exceptional from the beginning?
The conclusion of your essay is just as important as the introduction because it wraps up your thoughts andevidence and should leave your reader satisfied that a convincing discussion has just taken place. Yourconclusion should include a restatement of your thesis and then end with a more general statement, perhapsa warning or a call for action. Tip: If time is running out and you get stuck trying to formulate a conclusion,try beginning with “In conclusion” or “In summary.” Then continue by restating your thesis.
We have examined the rules that govern the English language, and we have learned some techniques onstructure. But how does a writer make a piece of writing his own? And how does a writer add interest to hisessays? The way a writer uses words and phrases to add personality to his writing is called
. A writer isto style as a figure skater is to skating. A writer can learn all the rules that make his writing correct, just as afigure skater can learn how to accomplish her jumps and footwork. But just learning the rules of grammarisnot enough to create a well-written essay; learning just the rules of skating is not enough to earn a goldmedal. The writer must bring his own methods and personality to his writing just as a skater must invest herown personality and flair to her performance.Many elements combine to form a writer’s style, and, even though many of these elements can beidentified, each is unique to a writer. Moreover, a good writer does not allow any elements of his style tostagnate. Rather, he continues to practice writing in order to continually improve and develop his style. Wewill touch briefly on how you can develop your writing style, but first let’s look at some specific elementsof style.
Transitional phrases are an important element of style because they create coherence. They guide the readerfrom point A to point B. On the GRE, the reader will read through your essay quickly, scoring according tohis first impression of what you wrote. If your essay is choppy and does not flow well, the reader will notgain a good first impression. Therefore, it is imperative that your essay exhibits solid cohesiveness. Look atthe lists below for some examples of transitional words and phrases that will help you write a smooth,coherent essay.
also, plus, in addition, further, furthermore, moreover, additionally, to add tothat, next, in accordance with, accordingly, in agreement, finally, for instance, forexample, in exemplification, exemplifying that, in fact, factually speaking, in terms of,and so forth, in coordination with, along those lines, collectively speaking, generallyspeaking, indeed, undoubtedly, obviously, to be sure, equally
however, in contrast, on the contrary, on the other hand, from a different angle,nonetheless, nevertheless, but, yet, a catch to this is, sadly enough, as a hindrance, oddlyenough, instead, in direct opposition, still, rather
as a result, as a consequence, consequently, thus, therefore, hence, thereby,resulting in, ultimately, in the end, finally, in the overall analysis, in hindsight, inretrospect, retrospectively, vicariously, the long term effect, as a short term result,significantly, as a major effect, effectively, heretofore, hereafter, thereafter, in short,generally, over all, concludingTransitional words and phrases are helpful not only in linking your ideas between sentences, but also inproviding cohesiveness from paragraph to paragraph. Each paragraph of your essay should include a topicsentence, which can also act as a transitional sentence. This transitional sentence should link yourparagraphsby relating to some element in the preceding paragraph. Take a look at the following example:The size of your house will probably be a factor in how you decide to decorate. If youhave a large house, you may opt for a grand, sophisticated look. Over-sized furniture andornate fixtures will complement solid-colored walls accented with artwork. On the otherhand, a cozy look suits a smaller home. This look can be achieved by choosing lessformal furniture, simple accents and warm colors. Equally, patterned wall-coverings add
Lal Hussain Assistant Director QEC AJK Univ,UCET Mirpur A.K-Pakistan, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org