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Anthony Peratt - Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current, Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity

Anthony Peratt - Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current, Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded in Antiquity

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Anthony Peratt - Characteristics for the Occurrence of a High-Current, Z-PinchAurora as Recorded in Antiquity varNREUMQ=NREUMQ||[];NREUMQ.push(["mark","firstbyte",new Date().getTime()]); if(!window.Scribd) var Scribd = new Object(); Scribd.cdn_path ='http://s6.scribdassets.com/'; Scribd.rails_env = 'production'; Scribd.logged_in = false; var perfStart = new Date(); Scribd.current_doc ={"word_upload_id":16393823,"show_archive_paywall":true,"thumbnail_url":"http://imgv2-2.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/14145750/54x70/421327cb4d/1337735408","child_category_id":null,"is_commentable":true,"secret_password":null,"is_bad":false,"converting":false,"is_downloadable":true,"page_count":23,"aspect_ratio":0.772727272727273,"is_deletable":true,"short_title":"Anthony
 
Peratt - Characteristics for the Occurrenc...","description":"The discovery that objects from the Neolithic or Early\r\nBronze Age carry patterns associated with high-current Z-pinches\r\nprovides a possible insight into the origin andmeaning of these ancient\r\nsymbols produced by man. This paper directlycompares the\r\ngraphical and radiation data from high-current Z-pinches tothese\r\npatterns. The paper focuses primarily, but not exclusively, onpetroglyphs.\r\nIt is found that a great many archaic petroglyphs canbe\r\nclassified according to plasma stability and instability data. Asthe\r\nsame morphological types are found worldwide, the comparisons\r\nsuggestthe occurrence of an intense aurora, as might be produced\r\nif the solar windhad increased between one and two orders of magnitude,\r\nmillenniaago.\r\nIndex Terms\u2014Aurora, high-energy-density plasma,magnetohydrodynamics\r\n(MHD) instabilities, petroglyphs, pictographs,stonehenge,\r\nZ-pinch\r\n\r\nON July 9, 1962, the United States detonated a1.4-megaton\r\nthermonuclear device in the atmosphere 400 km above\r\nJohnstonIsland. The event produced a plasma whose initial\r\nspherical shape striatedwithin a few minutes as the plasma electrons\r\nand ions streamed along theEarth\u2019s magnetic field to produce\r\nan artificial aurora. Fig. 1 shows aphotograph of the artificial\r\naurora three minutes after detonation asrecorded from a\r\nKC-135 aircraft.\r\nConcomitant with the artificial aurorawas a degradation of\r\nradio communications over wide areas of the Pacific,lightning\r\ndischarges, destruction of electronics in monitoringsatellites,\r\nand an electromagnetic pulse that affected some powercircuitry\r\nas far away as Hawaii.\r\nThe event was recorded worldwide as theplasma formed at\r\nleast two intense equatorial tubes, artificial Van Allenbelts,\r\naround the Earth [1], [2]. These tubes, or plasmatoroids,\r\ncontained relativistic electrons bound by magnetic fields;the\r\nsource of intense amounts of synchrotron radiation. Theradiation\r\nlasted far longer than expected; the decay constant was\r\nof theorder of 100 days. (Mankind, unknowing, has viewed\r\nsynchrotron radiation from the Crab nebula for centuries. The\r\nonly known mechanism that producessynchrotron radiation are\r\nelectrons spiraling about a magnetic field atnearly the speed\r\nof light).\r\nThus, the shape of the phenomena as recordedat radio, visible,\r\nand high frequencies was that of plasma \u201cdonuts\u201d encircling\r\nthe Earth, which mimicked the Van Allen belts.\r\nManuscriptreceived May 19, 2003; revised October 15, 2003. This work was\r\nsupported bythe Mainwaring Foundation, in association with the University of\r\nPennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia.\r\nThe author is with thePlasma Physics Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory,\r\nLos Alamos, NM 87545USA (e-mail: alp@ lanl.gov).\r\nDigital Object Identifier10.1109/TPS.2003.820956\r\nFig. 1. Starfish thermonuclear detonation July 9,1962, 400 km above\r\nJohnston Island. The photograph was taken from a LosAlamos KC-135 aircraft\r\nthree minutes after initiation time. An artificial
 
striated aurora has already\r\nformed from the plasma particles, spreading along the earth\u2019s magnetic field.\r\nThe brightest background object (mark) atthe top, left-hand corner, is the star\r\nantares, while the right-most objectis \u0012-Centauri. The burst point is two-thirds\r\nof the way up from thelowest plasma striation.\r\nThe artificial aurora shown in Fig. 1 also showsplasma\r\nstriations that arise from instabilities. This paperdescribes\r\ncharacteristic features of laboratory plasma experimentsand\r\nsimulations, especially for high-current Z-pinch conditions,\r\nandcompares these features with petroglyphs and other ancient\r\nwritings, whichmay have been associated with auroral\r\nobservations.\r\nAs in the naturalaurorae at the northern and southern magnetic\r\npoles, the streaming chargedparticle electrical currents,\r\nBirkeland currents, are of the order ofmegaamperes[3].\r\n","url":"http://www.scribd.com/doc/14145750/Anthony-Peratt-Characteristics-for-the-Occurrence-of-a-HighCurrent-ZPinch-Aurora-as-Recorded-in-Antiquity","sharing_data":{"thumbnail_url":"http://imgv2-2.scribdassets.com/img/word_document/14145750/54x70/421327cb4d/1337735408","page_count":23,"description":"Theediscovery that objects from the Neolithic or Early\r\nBronze Age carry patternsassociated with high-current Z-pinches\r\nprovides a possible insight into theorigin and meaning of these ancient\r\nsymbols produced by man. This paperdirectly compares the\r\ngraphical and radiation data from high-currentZ-pinches to these\r\npatterns. The paper focuses primarily, but notexclusively, on petroglyphs.\r\nIt is found that a great many archaicpetroglyphs can be\r\nclassified according to plasma stability and instabilitydata. As the\r\nsame morphological types are found worldwide, thecomparisons\r\nsuggest the occurrence of an intense aurora, as might beproduced\r\nif the solar wind had increased between one and two orders ofmagnitude,\r\nmillennia ago.\r\nIndex Terms\u2014Aurora, high-energy-densityplasma, magnetohydrodynamics\r\n(MHD) instabilities, petroglyphs, pictographs,stonehenge,\r\nZ-pinch\r\n\r\nON July 9, 1962, the United States detonated a1.4-megaton\r\nthermonuclear device in the atmosphere 400 km above\r\nJohnstonIsland. The event produced a plasma whose initial\r\nspherical shape striatedwithin a few minutes as the plasma electrons\r\nand ions streamed along theEarth\u2019s magnetic field to produce\r\nan artificial aurora. Fig. 1 shows aphotograph of the artificial\r\naurora three minutes after detonation asrecorded from a\r\nKC-135 aircraft.\r\nConcomitant with the artificial aurorawas a degradation of\r\nradio communications over wide areas of the Pacific,lightning\r\ndischarges, destruction of electronics in monitoringsatellites,\r\nand an electromagnetic pulse that affected some powercircuitry\r\nas far away as Hawaii.\r\nThe event was recorded worldwide as theplasma formed at\r\nleast two intense equatorial tubes, artificial Van Allenbelts,\r\naround the Earth [1], [2]. These tubes, or plasmatoroids,\r\ncontained relativistic electrons bound by magnetic fields;the\r\nsource of intense amounts of synchrotron radiation. Theradiation\r\nlasted far longer than expected; the decay constant was\r\nof theorder of 100 days. (Mankind, unknowing, has viewed\r\nsynchrotron radiation from the Crab nebula for centuries. The\r\nonly known mechanism that producessynchrotron radiation are\r\nelectrons spiraling about a magnetic field atnearly the speed\r\nof light).\r\nThus, the shape of the phenomena as recordedat radio, visible,\r\nand high frequencies was that of plasma \u201cdonuts\u201d encircling\r\nthe Earth, which mimicked the Van Allen belts.\r\nManuscriptreceived May 19, 2003; revised October 15, 2003. This work was\r\nsupported bythe Mainwaring Foundation, in association with the University of\r\nPennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia.\r\nThe author is with thePlasma Physics Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory,\r\nLos Alamos, NM 87545USA (e-mail: alp@ lanl.gov).\r\nDigital Object Identifier
 
10.1109/TPS.2003.820956\r\nFig. 1. Starfish thermonuclear detonation July 9,1962, 400 km above\r\nJohnston Island. The photograph was taken from a LosAlamos KC-135 aircraft\r\nthree minutes after initiation time. An artificialstriated aurora has already\r\nformed from the plasma particles, spreading along the earth\u2019s magnetic field.\r\nThe brightest background object (mark) atthe top, left-hand corner, is the star\r\nantares, while the right-most objectis \u0012-Centauri. The burst point is two-thirds\r\nof the way up from thelowest plasma striation.\r\nThe artificial aurora shown in Fig. 1 also showsplasma\r\nstriations that arise from instabilities. This paperdescribes\r\ncharacteristic features of laboratory plasma experimentsand\r\nsimulations, especially for high-current Z-pinch conditions,\r\nandcompares these features with petroglyphs and other ancient\r\nwritings, whichmay have been associated with auroral\r\nobservations.\r\nAs in the naturalaurorae at the northern and southern magnetic\r\npoles, the streaming chargedparticle electrical currents,\r\nBirkeland currents, are of the order ofmegaamperes[3].\r\n","url":"http://www.scribd.com/doc/14145750/Anthony-Peratt-Characteristics-for-the-Occurrence-of-a-HighCurrent-ZPinch-Aurora-as-Recorded-in-Antiquity","id":14145750,"author":{"url":"http://www.scribd.com/hronoya","name":"BorisfPetrovic"},"title":"Anthony Peratt - Characteristics for the Occurrence of aHigh-Current, Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded inAntiquity"},"access_key":"key-18pd2qd9s45c1z2lbn95","is_searchable":true,"is_private":false,"preferred_ext":"pdf","top_category_id":54,"private":false,"id":14145750,"is_owner":false,"reads":0,"paid":false,"created_at":"04h/ 11 / 2009","title":"Anthony Peratt - Characteristics for the Occurrence of aHigh-Current, Z-Pinch Aurora as Recorded inAntiquity"};document.fire('scribd:docinfo_ready'); window['$perf'] = newScribd.Perf(); $perf.registerOnbeforeunload(); window['$rat'] = ratInit(["http://rs1.scribd.com/","http://rs2.scribd.com/","http://rs3.scribd.com/","http://rs4.scribd.com/","http://rs5.scribd.com/","http://rs6.scribd.com/","http://rs7.scribd.com/","http://rs8.scribd.com/"],r{"user_id":null,"doc_id":14145750}, false ); I18n.defaultLocale = "en_US";I18n.locale = "en_US"; if(typeof(Scribd) === 'undefined') Scribd = {};Scribd.Ads = { enabled: ('https:' !== document.location.protocol ) && true };if(Scribd.Ads.enabled) { var writeScript = function(src) {document.write('\x3Cscript type="text/javascript" src="'+src+'">\x3C/script>');}; var googletag = googletag || {}; googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; varloadAds = function() { if(Scribd.Ads.loaded) return; Scribd.Ads.loaded = true;var gads = document.createElement('script'); gads.async = true; gads.type ='text/javascript'; gads.src = 'http://www.googletagservices.com/tag/js/gpt.js';var node = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0];node.parentNode.insertBefore(gads, node); //detecting if ad block is enabled...setTimeout(function() { if(typeof(googletag.pubads) === 'undefined')trackEvent('AdBlock', '', '', 1, false); }, 5e3); }; (function() { var observe = null; //this is for mobile where prototype isn't included... if(typeof(Event)=== 'undefined' || Event.observe === undefined) { observe = function(target,eventName, callback) { if(typeof(target.addEventListener) !== 'undefined')target.addEventListener(eventName, callback); else target.attachEvent(eventName, callback); }; } else { observe = Event.observe; } observe(document,"scribd:load_ads", loadAds); observe(window, 'load', loadAds); }()); } else {Scribd.Ads.use_house_ads = false; } if( Scribd.Ads.enabled ) {Scribd.Ads.addAttribute("AdLayout", -1026550441);Scribd.Ads.addAttribute("Category", 54); Scribd.Ads.addAttribute("DocUser",918833); Scribd.Ads.addAttribute("Document", 14145750);Scribd.Ads.addAttribute("Extension", "pdf"); Scribd.Ads.addAttribute("IABChild", ["International News","Physics","Space/Astronomy"]);

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