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Regional Review: Implementation of the Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia (SDS-SEA) 2003-2011

Regional Review: Implementation of the Sustainable Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia (SDS-SEA) 2003-2011

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The SDS-SEA review process commenced in March 2010. All PEMSEA Country Partners and the majority of the Non-Country Partners participated in the process, which entailed: (a) a desktop review of progress and development in support of SDS-SEA objectives and targets in each participating country; (b) a survey of PEMSEA Non-Country Partners to identify initiatives that contribute, directly and indirectly, to SDS-SEA; (c) conduct of national inter-agency workshops to review and validate the country report, and to build consensus on priorities for SDS-SEA implementation in the medium term; and d) finalization of national SDS-SEA progress reports and preparation of an overall summary report for the region.
The SDS-SEA review process commenced in March 2010. All PEMSEA Country Partners and the majority of the Non-Country Partners participated in the process, which entailed: (a) a desktop review of progress and development in support of SDS-SEA objectives and targets in each participating country; (b) a survey of PEMSEA Non-Country Partners to identify initiatives that contribute, directly and indirectly, to SDS-SEA; (c) conduct of national inter-agency workshops to review and validate the country report, and to build consensus on priorities for SDS-SEA implementation in the medium term; and d) finalization of national SDS-SEA progress reports and preparation of an overall summary report for the region.

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11/06/2012

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Regional Review: Implementation of the Sustainable Development Strategyfor the Seas of East Asia (2003-2011)
1
 
Partnerships inEnvironmental Managementfor the Seas of East Asia
1
The SDS-SEA and PEMSEA
T
he East Asian Seas are a major economic resource for the world’s demand for sheryand aquaculture products, and a natural heritage and biodiversity asset for the peopleof the region. The East Asian Seas harbour a signicant share of the world’s coralreefs and mangroves; it also produces about 40 percent of the world’s shcatch and more
than 80 percent of aquaculture. But, with over 2 billion people living in the region, the human
pressure on marine and coastal resources is very high, intensied by the impacts of climate
change and severe weather events.The countries of the Seas of East Asia have
recognized the severity of continuous degradation
of their seas, coasts and estuaries upon which theregion’s economies and millions of its inhabitants
and economies depend. As a reection of their 
concern, the governments crafted the Sustainable
Development Strategy for the Seas of East Asia
(SDS-SEA) in 2003, with the support of Global
Environment Facility (GEF) and the participation of 
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),the World Bank and 14 other international and
regional organizations. The SDS-SEA identies
common threats as well as strategic action programsto reduce the impacts of natural and manmadehazards on coastal and marine resources, as wellas the people, communities and economies of theregion.The SDS-SEA also serves as a platform for achieving
the goals of key international agreements and
action plans, including Chapter 17 of Agenda 21,the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), theJohannesburg Plan of Implementation of the WorldSummit on Sustainable Development, as well asother related international agreements. Above all, theSDS-SEA embodies a shared vision of countries of the region for sustainable development of coasts and
oceans, and a mission to implement the strategy
through partnerships.During the First East Asian Seas (EAS) Ministerial
Forum in 2003 (Putrajaya, Malaysia), 12governments signed the Putrajaya Declaration,
adopting the SDS-SEA. The countries included:Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, DPR
Korea, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines,
RO Korea, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. In2006, Lao PDR and Timor-Leste also agreed toadopt and implement the SDS-SEA.In 2006, at the Second EAS Ministerial Forum
(Haikou City, PR China), countries agreed to
establish the Partnerships in EnvironmentalManagement for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA),a collaborative organization of countries bordering
the Seas of East Asia, and their Non-Country
Partners, tasked with guiding and coordinating theimplementation of the SDS-SEA.Then in 2009, the Third EAS Ministerial Forum(Manila, Philippines) recognized the international
legal personality of PEMSEA, launching it as an
independent regional coordinating mechanismfor the implementation of the SDS-SEA. At that
UNOPS
United Nations Ofce for Project Services
United Nations
Development ProgrammeGlobal Environment Faciilty
Regional Review:Implementation of the Sustainable Development Strategyfor the Seas of East Asia (SDS-SEA)2003-2011
 
2
Forum, the Ministers also acknowledged in the ManilaDeclaration the need to strengthen cooperation. In the
strategy statement, integrated coastal management
(ICM) was seen as paramount in addressing near-term priorities related to coastal pollution and
overexploitation of sh stocks, as well as for adapting tothe effects of climate variability and change, includingincreased storm intensity, ooding, storm surges,warming and acidication of seas and sea-level
rise in coastal areas — all of which constitute major challenges for disaster risk management and food
security.
Ten Years After
T
here has been considerable progress andachievement on the part of participating countries,local governments and a host of collaboratingorganizations, programs and projects since theadoption of the SDS-SEA in 2003. The good news isthat the region appears to be on track to achieving four major targets as spelled out in the Haikou Partnership Agreement (2006) and further elaborated in the ManilaDeclaration (2009) (
Box 1
). However, the bad news
is that coastal and marine ecosystems of the region
are experiencing increasing threats to the services that
they provide humanity. Marine pollution from land-
based sources continues to be a serious problem, as
evidenced by the expansion of hypoxic (dead) zones
from increasing nutrient inputs from sewage andagriculture. International commitments made regarding
biodiversity and marine protected areas have fallen
short of expectations. Depletion of marine waters
 
2
Vision
The sustainable resource systems of the Seas of East Asiaare a natural heritage for the people of the region, a mediumof access to regional and global markets, and a safeguardfor a healthy food supply, livelihood, economic prosperityand harmonious co-existence for present and futuregenerations.
Mission
To build interagency, intersectoral, and intergovernmentalpartnerships for achieving the sustainable development of the Seas of East Asia.
Strategic Action Programs
Ensure
SUSTAIN
able use of the coastal and marineresources.
•
PRESERVE
species and areas of the coastal and marineenvironment that are pristine or are of ecological, social
orculturalsignicance.•
PROTECT
ecosystems, human health and society fromrisks occurring as a consequence of human activity.
•
IMPLEMENT
international conventions relevant to themanagement of the coastal and marine environment.
•
COMMUNICATE
with stakeholders to raise publicawareness, strengthen multisectoral participation and
obtainscienticsupportforsustainabledevelopmentof
the coastal and marine environment.
The First Ministerial Forum in Putrajaya, Malaysia in 2003.
The SDS-SEA and PEMSEA
 
Regional Review: Implementation of the Sustainable Development Strategyfor the Seas of East Asia (2003-2011)
3
The Third Ministerial Forum in Manila, Philippines in 2009.The Second Ministerial Forum in Haikou City, PR China in 2006.
•Adoptandimplementaself-sustainedandeffective
regional collaborative mechanism with a mandate topursue the implementation of the SDS-SEA throughcollaborative, synergistic and responsible actions andthe accomplishment of the commitments of individualcountries (Haikou Partnership Agreement).
•Developandimplementnationalpoliciesandaction
plans for sustainable coastal development in at least 70percent of the participating countries by 2015 (HaikouPartnership Agreement and Manila Declaration).
•StrengthenandacceleratetheimplementationofICMfor
sustainable development and climate change adaptationin at least 20 percent of the Region’s coast by 2015(Haikou Partnership Agreement and Manila Declaration).
•ReportonICMprogresseverythreeyears(Manila
Declaration).
Box 1:Targets Adopted by Countries for SDS-SEA Implementation
SDS-SEA review process
The SDS-SEA review process commenced in
March 2010. All PEMSEA Country Partners and themajority of the Non-Country Partners participated in
the process, which entailed: (a) a desktop review of progress and development in support of SDS-SEA
objectives and targets in each participating country; (b)a survey of PEMSEA Non-Country Partners to identifyinitiatives that contribute, directly and indirectly,to SDS-SEA; (c) conduct of national interagencythrough overshing and use of destructive shing gear/shing practices continues. On top of it all, the multiple
risks and impacts related to climate change andextreme weather events are becoming more evident.In short, the region has not reached that elusivetipping point where reduction in pollution discharges,
conservation and rehabilitation of habitats, biodiversitypreservation and enhancement and economic stability
have begun to shift the balance in favor of sustainabledevelopment.
But, where are we now?
Since 2006, PEMSEA has published threeaccomplishment reports (i.e., 2007, 2010 and 2011),which highlighted progress and achievements inSDS-SEA implementation across the region, as wellas at the national and local levels. With the decisionof the East Asian Seas Partnership Council in 2010to prepare a medium-term SDS-SEA Implementation
Plan, it was agreed that a collaborative interagency
and multi-sectoral planning process would be
conducted in each country, commencing with an
SDS-SEA review from the time of adoption of theSDS-SEA. The aim of the review was to track
country advancement toward agreed targets, as a
starting point and foundation for the preparation of 
ve-year national SDS-SEA Implementation Plans
(2012-2016). In addition, the intention was to lookat the development of sectoral policies, programsand investments at the local, national and regionallevels, which will contribute to the overall vision andobjectives of the SDS-SEA, including initiatives of bilateral and multilateral programs and projects.

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