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Published by Apoorva Kolte
strategic role of training and development human resource
hr project
strategic role of training and development human resource
hr project

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Published by: Apoorva Kolte on Jul 21, 2012
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01/02/2013

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 CHAPTER 1 .INTRODUCTION
 
 
“Training is a short term process utilising a systematic and organised procedure by which non
-
managerial personnel to learn technical knowledge and skills”………Staimez 
Training and development are closely interrelated terms that aim to help inachieving the objectives of the company while at the same time increasing the efficiency andproductivity of the employees. Though similar in a broader sense, there are many differencesbetween training and development that will be highlighted in this article.
1.1 Training:
Training is concerned with imparting developing specific skills for a particular purpose. Training isthe act of increasing the skills of employees for doing a particular job. Training is the process of learning a sequence of programmed behaviour. Training of a new employee is an integral part of hisinduction and orientation. Training is imparted so that he understands his roles and responsibilitiesand learns to perform the tasks entrusted to him with ease and with efficiency. It is only after a brief training period that a new employee is able to perform his job at a satisfactory level. Training makesan employee more productive for the organization and is thus concerned with his immediateimprovement
1.2 Development:
Development is all those activities and programme when recognized and controlled have substantialinfluence in changing the capacity of the individual to perform his assignment better and in going soall likely to increase his potential for future assignments. Thus, development is a combination of various training programme, though some kind of training is necessary, it is the overall developmentof the competency of individual in the light of the present requirement as well as the futurerequirement. Development is an activity designed to improve the performance of existing employeesand to provide for a planned growth of employee to meet future organizational requirements.Development of an employee is an ongoing process which continues well beyond training. The focusof development process is the person himself. Development concerns with making the employeeefficient enough to handle critical situations in future. So while training concentrates on short termneeds of the organization, development looks after long term goals of the organization.
1.3 Importance of training
If organizations are to survive and prosper in the modern world of rapid change, theyneed to be more flexible, faster-moving and faster-learning than before. Their ability to do thisrests upon the abilities of their workforce to have these characteristics
 – 
hence the value of 
 
training. If individuals are able to learn, develop and change, then so can the organizations.Providing training for employees not only helps them develop their skills andknowledge, but it is also motivational and a building block to organizational success. It isimportant for any organization, large or small, to plan the training that its people may need.While there can be enormous benefits in developing the capabilities of the workforce, training
don‟t come chea
ply. Training needs to be for the right people, it needs to be the right type of training and it needs to be at the right time.It improves the overall image of the organization and invests it with a degree of professionalism,which can lead to increased professionalism, productivity, and profitability.
1.4 Need for training:
The need for training arises due to the following reasons:1. To match the employee specifications with the job requirements and organizational needs.2. Maintaining the Organizational Viability and the Transformation Process.3. To adopt the latest technology i.e. mechanization, computerization and automation for survivalof the
organization, they should train the employee‟s to enrich them in
the areas of changingtechnical skills and knowledge from time to time.4. For working on the skills of co-ordination, integration and adaptability to the requirements of growth, diversification and expansion.5. When an existing employee is promoted to the higher level in the organization and when thereis some new job or occupation due to transfer.Fig 1:Need for training

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