reigned in Persia from 464 to 424 BC, but in 474 BC he was appointed viceroyto his Father Xerxes, and essentially became ruler. He commissioned Nehemi-ah to rebuild Jerusalem in the twentieth year of his reign (Ne. 2:1-8): if we as-sume that the period of Artaxerxes’ reign included his time as viceroy thiswould have occurred in 454 BC. This is thought by many expositors of theword to be the decree referred to in Daniel’s vision. If this is the case, the ex-act year for the start of the all the events referred to in Daniel’s vision wouldbe 454 BC. Seven ’sevens’ corresponds to 49 years, which gives 405 BC asthe year in which the rebuilding of Jerusalem was considered complete. Thisdate seems late, for the scripture mentions several events related to work onthe restored temple that had been completed prior at this time. Nevertheless,if we accept Artaxerxes decree as the one referred to in Daniel’s vision, thenthe date that Jerusalem was considered “
rebuilt with streets and a trench
” wasin 405 BC. That the rebuilding work was accomplished during a “
time of trou-ble
” is without question. Samaritan people in the area around Jerusalem ha-rassed the Jews working on the restoration project to such an extent that thelaborers had to work with one arm and carry a weapon with the other. To continue with our analysis of Daniel’s vision, we note that after 62 addi-tional "
(434 years), the Anointed One will “
”. Zechariah 9:9 in-dicates that the king (Anointed One), who is just and lowly will “
to Jerusalem riding upon the foal of an ass. Christians recognize this as describ-ing Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, before He was cruci-fied on the day of preparation for the Passover, later that week. Jesus was