government of General Ne Win promulgated the Citizenship Act of Burma in 1982. Thiseffectively denied the
recognition of their status as an ethnic minority group. Asa sign of peaceful disobedience these
deliberately refuse to speak any Burmeseor Arakanese language. The conclusion is that both the ethno-democratic forcescomposed of other ethnic nationalities and the Junta forces refuse to recognize them.
” came into use in the 1950s by the educated Bengali residents
whowere the second or third generations of the Bengali immigrants from the ChittagongDistrict in modern Bangladesh; this is to differentiate them from the existing Muslimcommunities inside Arakan, who are living peacefully with their Arakanese Buddhistbrethren even before the state was absorbed into British India. Most of the pooruneducated
farmers, who faced the brunt of the ethnic cleansing policy of theJunta scarcely even knows that he was called a
In the past three decades, there have been significant migrations, forced andvoluntary, of
to neighboring Bangladesh. In 1977, in response to the militarygovernment's attempt to identify illegal immigrants, some 200,000 group memberssought refuge in Bangladesh. While most of them subsequently returned, in 1981-82there was another exodus as Rangoon implemented a new citizenship law that requiredresidents to prove that they have lived in the country since 1824. In the mid to late 1990s,further migrations to Bangladesh occurred, many of which were reportedly due toforcible expulsions by the Junta. From a high of 250,000
s in Bangladeshirefugee camps in the early 1990s, there were some 20,000 left by the end of 2000 afterthe rest had returned to Burma. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees has financiallysupported the camps.The
faced many demographic stresses such as deteriorating public healthconditions, declining caloric intake, dispossession from their land, and internalresettlement as a result of government policies. During the 1998-2000 periods, thousandsof villagers were evicted in order to transform their rice fields into poppy plantations.Further, some of the land that belonged to Mujahidin Bangladeshi refugee camps wasturned over to the local Arakanese.At the time of this writing, about one million
live in the north westernparts of Burma, near the Bangladesh border. Hundreds of thousands of
arecurrently living in neighbouring Bangladesh, where they are unwanted refugees.
women like any other ethnic race in Burma are frequently subject to sexual abuse andrape by
soldiers. Reportedly, Burma’s military continues to commit atrocities
against the civilian population. As such, desperate
pour across t he borders intoBangladesh every year.As far as Bangladesh is concerned is that after providing shelter to the
for nearly three decades, it is now concerned about the annual increase in their numbers.Apart from being an economic burden, the
involvement in insurgent activitiesalong the Burma-Bangladesh border is feared by the government. Hence to reduce the
This is the only respect where both the Junta and the opposition forces agreed on. The Ethnic forces have asked theRohingyas to work with the Arakanese opposition forces in order to recognize their identity and the latter refused.