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rAmAdAn at a GlAnce

rAmAdAn at a GlAnce

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Published by Nasrin Akther

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Published by: Nasrin Akther on Jul 22, 2012
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07/29/2012

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rAmAdAn At A glAnce
FromtheQuraan&theSunnah
NasrinAs.Salafiyah
 
 
 
 
Why do we fast?
o
 
BecauseAllahsays,
“Oyouwhobelieve!Observingthefastingisprescribedforyouasitwasprescribedforthosebeforeyou,thatyoumaybecomeal-Muttaqoon(thepious).”[SurahAl-Baqarah2:183]
o
 
 AndbecausetheProphet
 sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
Islaamisbuiltupon five(pillars)…”[SahihAl-Bukhari&SahihMuslim]andamongstthemhementionedthe fastofRamadhaan.
 
Virtues of Ramadan and Fasting
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“WhoeverfastsduringthemonthofRamadhaan,outofsincerefaithandhopingtoattainAllaah'srewards,thenallhis previoussinswillbeforgiven.”[Al-Bukhari&Muslim]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“WhenthemonthofRamadhaanstarts,thegatesoftheHeavenareopenedandthegatesofHellareclosedandthedevilsarechained.”[Al-Bukhari&Muslim]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Fastingisashieldorprotectionfromthe fireandfromcommittingsins.Ifoneofyouisfasting,heshouldavoidsexualrelationwithhiswifeandquarrelling,andifsomebodyshouldfightorquarrelwithhim,heshouldsay,‘Iamfasting.’”[Al-Bukhari]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“AllthedeedsofthesonofAadamarefor forhimself;agooddeedisequaltotentimesit'sequivalentexceptfasting,forcertainlyitisforMe,andIwillgivetherewardforit.Helefthisdesires,hisfood,hisdrinkforMysake.Therearetwopleasuresforthefastingperson,oneatthetimeofbreakinghisfast,andtheotheratthetimewhenhewillmeethisLord.TheunpleasantsmellcomingfromthemouthofafastingpersonismorepleasanttoAllaahthanthesmellofmusk.”[Al-Bukhari&Muslim]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Whoeverstands(insalah–i.e.doesthetaraweehprayer)duringthenightofDecreewithperfectfaithandseekingreward(from Allah)willhavehispastsinsforgiven.”[Al-Bukhari]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“CametoyouthemonthofRamadan,Ablessedmonth.”[ShaykhAlbaneeauthenticatedit]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Whoeverstands(inTaraweehprayer)withperfectfaithandseekingreward,hewillhavehisprevioussinsforgiven.”[Al-Bukhari&Muslim]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Whoeverisfromthepeopleofthefast,hewillbecalledfromthegateofAr-Rayyaan.”[Al-Bukhari&Muslim]
 
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Indeed,aUmrahinRamadanisequal(inreward)ofHajjwithme.”[Al-Bukhari]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“(InthemonthofRamadan)Acallerwouldcallouteverynight,‘Oyouwhowantgood,proceed,andOyouwhowantevil,stop.’”[ShaykhAlbaneeauthenticatedit]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Taketofasting,thereisnothinglikeit.”[ShaykhAlbaneeauthenticatedit]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“IndeedintheJannah,thereisagate,whichiscalledAr-Rayyan,throughwhichonlythosewhoobservedfastingwillenteronthedayofResurrection.Noneelsewillenterthroughit.”[Al-Bukhari&Muslim]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“FastingandtheQuraanwillintercede forthesalve:Fastingwillsay:OmyLord,Iforbadehimfromeatinganddrinkingduringtheday,soletmeintercedeforhim,andtheQuraanwillsay:OmyLord,Ideprivedhim fromsleepduringthenight,soletmeintercedeforhim.”Hethenwillsay,“So,theywillintercede.”[ShaykhAlbaneeauthenticatedit]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Threesupplicationsarenotrejected:Thesupplicationoftheparents,andthesupplicationofthefastingperson,andthesupplicationofthetraveler.”[ShaykhAlbaneeauthenticatedit]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Allahfrees(believers)fromthehellfireandthatisdoneduringeverynight(inRamadan).”[ShaykhAlbaneeauthenticatedit]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Thefivedailyprayers,andtheJumu’ahtotheJumu’ah(Fridayprayers)andRamadantoRamadanisexpiationsforthatwhichisbetweenthemsolongmajorsinsareavoided.”[Muslim]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Jibreelalayheassalamcametome,andhesaidtome,‘OMuhammad!WhoeverreachedthemonthofRamadan,thenhediedandhedidnotattainforgivenessforhimself,thusheenteredHellfireandAllahdistancedhim fromHisMercy,’Say,‘MayAllahaccept,’So,Isaid,‘MayAllahaccept.’”[ShaykhAlbaneeauthenticatedit]
o
 
TheProphet
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
“Indeedthismonththatreachedyou,thereisanightinitbetterthanthousandmonths;whoeveriswithheldfromit,thenheisbereavedofallgood,andnooneispreventedfromitsgoodexceptadeprivedone.”[ShaykhAlbaneegradeditHasanSahih]
 
Manners During Ramadan and Fasting
o
 
AbiHurayrahRadiAllahuanhusaid,theMessengerofAllah
sallallahualayhewasallam
said,
"Perhapsafastingperson,hisattainmentfromhisfastingisjustthehungerandthethirst,andperhapsapersondoingthenightsalah(taraweeh),hisattainment

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