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endocrine practice test

endocrine practice test

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Published by: Monemah Essa Francisco Martinez on Jul 23, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/29/2014

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1. Acromegaly is most frequently diagnosed in:
 a. Middle-aged adultsb. Newbornsc. Children ages 2 to 5d. Adults age 65 and older 
2. Grave's disease is:
 a. The most common cause of hypothyroidismb. The most common cause of hyperparathyroidismc. The most common cause of hyperthyroidismd. The most common cause of adrenal insufficiency
3. Symptoms of Grave's ophthalmopathy include all of the following except:
 a. Bulging eyeballsb. Dry, irritated eyes and puffy eyelidsc. Cataractsd. Light sensitivity
4. An ACTH stimulation test is commonly used to diagnose:
 a. Grave's diseaseb. Adrenal insufficiency and Addison's diseasec. Cystic fibrosisd. Hashimoto's disease
5. All of the following are symptoms of Cushing's syndrome except:
 a. Severe fatigue and weaknessb. Hypertension and elevated blood glucosec. A protruding hump between the shouldersd. Hair loss
6. Which of the following conditions is caused by long-term exposure to highlevels of cortisol?
 a. Addison's diseaseb. Crohn's diseasec. Adrenal insufficiencyd. Cushing's syndrome
7. A "sweat test" or newborn screening may be used to detect:
 
 
a. Cystic fibrosisb. Adrenal insufficiencyc. Grave's diseased. Hypothyroidism
8. Hashimoto's disease is:
 a. Chronic inflammation of the thyroid glandb. Diagnosed most frequently in Asian-Americans and Pacific Islandersc. A form of hyperthyroidismd. A rare form of hypothyroidism
9. Persons at increased risk of developing Hashimoto's disease include all of thefollowing except:
 a. Persons with vitiligob. Asian-Americansc. Persons with rheumatoid arthritisd. Persons with Addison's disease
10. All of the following statements about Hashimoto's disease are true except:
 a. Many patients are entirely asymptomaticb. Not all patients become hypothyroidc. Most cases of obesity are attributable to Hashimoto's diseased. Hypothyroidism may be subclinical
11. The most common benign tumor of the pituitary gland is a:
 a. Gliomab Prolactinomac. Carcinoid tumor d. Islet cell tumor 
12. Symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) may include all of thefollowing except:
 a. Pelvic painb. Acne, oily skin, and dandruff c. Infertilityd. Weight Loss
13. Women with PCOS are at increased risk for all of the following except:
 a. Pregnancyb. Diabetes
 
c. Cardiovascular diseased. Metabolic syndrome
14. All of the following organs may be affected by multiple endocrine neoplasiatype 1 except:
 a. Parathyroid glandsb. Kidneysc. Pancreas and Duodenumd. Pituitary gland
15. What is the treatment for hyperparathyroidism?
 a. Synthetic thyroid hormoneb. Desiccated thyroid hormonec. Surgical removal of the glandsd. Calcium and phosphate
16. The most common causes of death in people with cystic fibrosis is:
 a. Dehydrationb. Opportunistic infectionc. Lung cancer d. Respiratory failure
17. Untreated hyperthyroidism during pregnancy may result in all of the followingexcept:
 a. Premature birth and miscarriageb. Low birthweightc. Autismd. Preeclampsia
18. Short stature and undeveloped ovaries suggest which of the followingdisorders:
 a. Polycystic ovarian syndromeb. Prolactinomac. Grave's diseased. Turner syndrome
19. Endocrine disorders may be triggered by all of the following except:
 a. Stressb. Infection

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