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FM 23-9 - Rifle Marksmanship M16 and M4 Carbine

FM 23-9 - Rifle Marksmanship M16 and M4 Carbine

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Published by: SurvivIt on Jul 24, 2012
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03/24/2014

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 FM 3-22.9
(FM23-9)
 
RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP M16A1, M16A2/3, M16A4, AND M4 CARBINE
APRIL 2003
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION:
 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
 
 
*FM 3-22.9
(FM 23-9)
 
FIELD MANUAL HEADQUARTERS No. 3-22.9 (23-9) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Washington, DC, 24 April 2003
RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP M16A1, M16A2/3, M16A4 and M4 CARBINE
 
CONTENTS
 
Page
PREFACE
...........................................................................................................................v
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION AND TRAINING STRATEGY
Section I. Training Overview................................................................................1-1 1-1. Objectives.................................................................................1-1 1-2. Training Strategy......................................................................1-1 1-3. Training Phases.........................................................................1-3 Section II. Marksmanship Training Strategy.........................................................1-5 1-4. Mission-Essential Tasks...........................................................1-5 1-5. Training Assessment.................................................................1-5 1-6. Basic Program Implementation................................................1-6 1-7. Training the Trainer..................................................................1-6 1-8. Duties of the Instructor-Trainer................................................1-7 1-9. Trainer Certification Program...................................................1-7 1-10. Qualification Training..............................................................1-9 1-11. Unit Live-Fire Exercises.........................................................1-10 1-12. Commander’s Evaluation Guide.............................................1-11
CHAPTER 2. CHARACTERISTICS, AMMUNITION, AND ACCESSORIES
2-1. Characteristics...........................................................................2-1 2-2. Rail Adapter System.................................................................2-9 2-3. Rail Grabbers and MILES Training Extender........................2-12 2-4. Backup Iron Sight...................................................................2-14 2-5. M68, Close-Combat Optic......................................................2-15 2-6. AN/PAQ-4B/C Infrared Aiming Light...................................2-17 2-7. AN/PEQ-2A Target Pointer/Illuminator/Aiming Light..........2-19 2-8. AN/PAS-13 (V2) Medium Thermal Weapon Sight and AN/PAS-13 (V3) Heavy Thermal Weapon Sight...................2-22 2-9. AN/PVS-4 Night Vision Sight................................................2-23 2-10. Borelight.................................................................................2-25 2-11. Ammunition Types and Characteristics..................................2-26 DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.  __________________________ *This publication supersedes FM 23-9, 3 July 1989.
i
 
FM 3-22.9
 
Page
CHAPTER 3. TROUBLESHOOTING AND DESTRUCTION
 3-1. Stoppages..................................................................................3-1 3-2. Malfunctions.............................................................................3-2 3-3. Destruction Procedures.............................................................3-7
CHAPTER 4. PRELIMINARY RIFLE INSTRUCTION (PHASE I of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)
Section I. Introduction to Basic Rifle Marksmanship and Mechanical Training.4-1 4-1. Clearing.....................................................................................4-2 4-2. Cycles of Functioning...............................................................4-3 4-3. Modes of Fire............................................................................4-8 4-4. Peer Coaching.........................................................................4-10 Section II. Marksmanship Fundamentals I...........................................................4-11 4-5. The Four Fundamentals..........................................................4-12 4-6. Firing Positions.......................................................................4-18 4-7. Training Devices and Exercises..............................................4-19 Section III. Marksmanship Fundamentals II.........................................................4-20 4-8. Weaponeer..............................................................................4-20 4-9. Engagement Skills Trainer 2000............................................4-21
CHAPTER 5. DOWNRANGE FEEDBACK (PHASE II of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)
5-1. Grouping Procedures................................................................5-1 5-2. Zeroing Procedures.................................................................5-14 5-3. Known-Distance Range (With or Without LOMAH)............5-17 5-4. Effects of Wind and Gravity...................................................5-26 5-5. Ballistics.................................................................................5-32
CHAPTER 6. FIELD FIRE (PHASE III of Basic Rifle Marksmanship)
Section I. Target Detection...................................................................................6-1 6-1. Locating Targets.......................................................................6-1 6-2. Marking Targets........................................................................6-3 6-3. Range Determination................................................................6-4 Section II. Field-Fire Training (Single Timed Targets and Multiple Timed Targets)................................................................6-5 6-4. Conduct of Field-Fire Range....................................................6-6 6-5. Field-Fire Standards..................................................................6-7 Section III. Record Qualification.............................................................................6-9 6-6. Practice Record Fire I and II.....................................................6-9 6-7. Practice Record Fire Standards...............................................6-10 6-8. Record Fire.............................................................................6-11 6-9. Alternate Qualification Courses.............................................6-14
ii

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