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Table Of Contents

1POULTRY AND PARASITES
1.1POULTRY PRODUCTION IN CONTEXT
1.2POULTRY PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
1.3CONSTRAINTS TO THE POULTRY PRODUCTION
1.5PARASITIC DISEASES IN POULTRY
2PARASITE GROUPINGS
3LIFE CYCLE AND EPIDEMIOLOGY OF POULTRY PARASITES
3.1NEMATODES
3.2NEMATODES OF THE DIGESTIVE TRACT
3.2.2 Tetrameres spp
3.2.6 Capillaria spp
3.3NEMATODES IN OTHER ORGANS AND TISSUES
3.5.2 Prosthogonimus spp.:
3.6ENDOPARASITIC PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS
3.6.1 Coccidiosis in chickens
3.6.2 Coccidiosis in turkeys
3.6.3 Coccidiosis in ducks
3.7ECTOPARASITES
3.7.2 Skin mites:
3.7.5 Mosquitoes and flies
3.8BLOOD PARASITES (HAEMOPARASITES)
3.8.5 Avian malaria
4DIAGNOSTIC METHODS
4.1CLINICAL EXAMINATION OF CHICKENS
4.2Faecal examination
4.2.1Collection of faecal samples
4.2.2Qualitative techniques for faecal examinations
4.2.3Direct smear method
4.2.4Test tube flotation
4.2.5Simple flotation
4.2.6Sedimentation (Trematode eggs)
4.2.7Quantitative techniques for faecal examinations
4.3.8Simple McMaster technique
4.2.9Concentration McMaster technique
4.2.10Counting the McMaster chamber
4.2.11Identification of eggs
4.2.12Interpretation of the faecal counts
4.2.13False negative and false positive egg counts
4.2.14 The relationship between egg counts and worm burdens
4.3Diagnosis of haemoparasites
4.3.1 Blood smears
4.4Diagnosis of ectoparasites
4.4.1Direct examination
4.4.2 Skin scraping
4.5Post-mortem examination of chickens
4.6Identification and preservation of helminths
5Epidemiological disease investigation at flock or population level
5.1Measures of disease occurrence
5.2Observational studies
L Cross-sectional studies
5.3.1Cross-sectional studies
5.3.2Cohort studies
5.3.3Design of a parasitic study
5.3.4Helminth occurrence in a flock/population
5.3.6Tracer (sentinel) animals
6.1General principles of control
6.1.1 Stocking rate
6.1.2Flock structure
6.1.3Alternate use of pens
6.1.4Hygiene of pens
6.1.5Dose and move
6.1.6Routine deworming
6.1.7Adequate nutritional level
6.1.8Genetic resistance
6.2Control of nematodes
6.3Control of cestodes
6.4Control of trematodes
6.5Anthelmintics
6.5.1Definition
6.5.2Characteristics of an ideal drug
6.5.3Dosing methods
6.5.4Anthelmintic classes
6.6.5What drug to use ?
6.6Anthelmintic resistance
6.6.1Definition and underlying mechanism
6.6.2Detection of anthelmintic resistance
6.6.3Risk factors for development of anthelmintic resistance
6.6.4Prevention of anthelmintic resistance
6.7Control of coccidia
6. 8Control of ectoparasites
6.8.1Ticks
6.8.2Mites
6.8.3Fleas
6. 9Control of haemoparasites
7Fluids and reagents
7.2Other reagents for use in diagnostic tests
8Conclusion
9References
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Poultry Parasites

Poultry Parasites

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Published by Ember Láthatatlan

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Published by: Ember Láthatatlan on Jul 24, 2012
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05/18/2014

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