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MRT5120 Abortion - Roger Tirazona

MRT5120 Abortion - Roger Tirazona

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Published by: Roger Tirazona on Jul 24, 2012
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02/14/2014

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1
TheAbortionDebate
 –
ProsandCons
ByRogerTirazonaB.PsyPGCEPSD–535279MMA.BioethicsCandidateSemester2-2012
MRT5120-SEM2-AE:PublicPolicyandEthicsattheEdgesofHumanLife
Abstract
ThoughthefieldofBioethicsispreoccupiedwithawidevarietyofissues,therearenonethathavebeenchallenged,vehementlyarguedforandagainstandraisedenougheyebrowsastheissueofabortion.Thisassignmentwillterselydiscusstheprincipalargumentsthatareputforwardbythelobbiesinfavourandagainstabortion.Theissueissohistoricallyrootedandsomuchresearchhasbeendoneaboutitandsomanypeoplehavespokenabout,thatitisimpossibletobeall-encompassingforthepurposesofthisassignment.Someoftheargumentsforandagainst,havereachedanintricatestalemateandtherhetoricthathasbeenusedbythetwolobbieshasnowbecomeinescapableandturnedfullcircle.Ifthisdebatehopestoeverreachanysortofclosure,newavenuesofthinkingandmorematureapproachesneedtobesoughtandaddedtothediscourse.
 
2
TableofContents
Introduction........................................................................................................................3
TheHippocraticOath.........................................................................................................................................................4
AbortionandEugenics......................................................................................................................................................5
Roev.Wade............................................................................................................................................................................6
MedicalPerspectives..........................................................................................................8
TheIdeaofViability............................................................................................................................................................9
TheSafetyofWomen.......................................................................................................................................................10
PostAbortionTraumas...................................................................................................................................................11
LateTermAbortions........................................................................................................................................................13
ThePersonhoodDebate....................................................................................................15
Whyisthefoetusnotaperson?...................................................................................................................................15
Neurologicalreasons?......................................................................................................................................................16
Feminism,RightsandReason............................................................................................19
BeyondtherhetoricofPersonhood...........................................................................................................................19
Father’sRights....................................................................................................................................................................21
Consistency...........................................................................................................................................................................22
AbortionandReligion.......................................................................................................23
TheShapingofSociety......................................................................................................25
Disabilityissues..................................................................................................................................................................25
Demographics......................................................................................................................................................................26
Conclusion........................................................................................................................28
Bibliography......................................................................................................................29
 
3
Introduction
InordertodiscussthetopicofAbortion,onemustfirststartbydefiningtheterm.Whenresearching,variousdefinitionsofabortioncropupwithvaryingjargonorvaryingprovisosthatshowboththeagendaoftheinformationgiver,orthatlevelofpermissibilityoftheabortiveprocedurebytheinstitutionorthecontextwhereabortionisbeingdefined.Thisassignmentwillinvestigatetersely,keyperspectivesandethicsofabortionthatwillargueinfavouroragainstit.TheCatholicOnlineEncyclopaediagivestheEtymologicaldefinitionoftheword“abortion”,fromLatin
aboriri
,whichmeanstoperish;referringtotheperishingoffoetallife.
(Coppens, 1907)
Underthisetymologicaldefinition,anyformoflossoffoetalorembryoniclife,evenunderaccidentalcircumstances,wouldconstituteanabortion.Howeveritisnotthecasethatthemodernuseofthewordabortionencompassessuchawidedefinition.Nowadays,thewordabortionrefersmoretohowmedicalpractitionersrefertoabortion;i.e.theterminationofpregnancybytheremovalorexpulsionfromtheuterusofafoetusorembryopriortoviability.Anindefinitevariationofthisdefinitioncanbefoundinmostmedical,obstetricandgynaecologicaltextbooks.Theword“viability”referstothefoetus’capabilityofindependentsurvivaloutsidetheUterus,whichalreadyisimplyingcertainethicsofabortionwithinthisdefinition.Sometextbooksalsofeeltheneedtospecifybetweenaspontaneousabortion(whatonewouldusuallycallamiscarriage)andanintendedabortion,whichisthewilfulexpulsionorremovalofthefoetus.Thiswiderviewofabortion,isperhapsclosertotheetymologyofthewordabortion.Othertextbooksdonotspecifythedifference,takingitforgrantedthatabortionreferstothelatterscenario.However,sincetherearecertainmedicaldictionariesthatconsiderabortiontoalsorefertothespontaneousabortion,forthepurposesofthisassignment,“abortion”isdefinedasthewilfulinducedexpulsionoftheproductofconception,embryoorfoetus.Viabilityisaconceptwithethicalconsiderationsthatwillbediscussedfurtherinthisassignment.Whendiscussingtheproargumentsofabortionandthecontraargumentsofabortion,onehastoalsostartfromunderstandingtherolethatabortionhasplayedin

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