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Unifying Concepts SOW

Unifying Concepts SOW



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Published by mreve.blog

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Published by: mreve.blog on Jun 12, 2007
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Chemistry A2Marlborough SchoolScheme of Work 
Unifying ConceptsSpring Term– Marlborough SchoolSyllabus Content
5.11.3 Acids, bases and buffers
• Review of appropriate material from AS Chemistry – Module 2813(component 01): How Far, How Fast?, 5.3.3 Chemical Equilibrium.• Brønsted-Lowry theory of acids and bases.• pH and hydrogen ion concentration.• Titration curves and indicators.• Buffers: action, uses and calculations.Candidates will
be required to solve quadratic equations.
Assessment outcomes
Candidates should be able to:(a) describe and use the Brønsted-Lowry theory of acids and bases, to includeconjugate acidbase pairs (see also 5.3.3(e)–(i)).(b) define the terms pH,
a and p
a.(c) calculate pH from [H+(aq)] and [H+(aq)] from pH(i) for strong monobasic acids and bases;(ii) for weak monobasic acids.
For a weak acid HA, it can be assumed that [H+(aq)] = [A−(aq)];the equilibrium acid concentration is approximately equal to theundissociated acid concentration.
(d) using acid-base titration pH curves for strong and weak acids and bases,(i) recognise their shapes;(ii) deduce suitable indicators, from supplied pH ranges;(iii) explain why phenolphthalein is unsuitable for titrations involvingweak bases and why methyl orange is unsuitable for titrations involvingweak acids.(e) explain the choice of suitable indicators for acid-base titrations, given thepH range of the indicator.
(f) explain what is meant by a
buffer solution
(as a system that minimises pHchanges on addition of an acid or a base).(g) explain the role of each component in a buffer solution (for example:CH3COOH/CH3COO– and NH4+/NH3) in the control of pH.(h) calculate the pH of a buffer solution, for example: from the
a value of aweak acid and the equilibrium concentrations of the conjugate acid–basepair.(i) state the importance of buffer solutions for controlling pH in blood andshampoos.

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