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Biochemistry SOW

Biochemistry SOW



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Published by mreve.blog

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Published by: mreve.blog on Jun 12, 2007
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Chemistry A2Marlborough SchoolScheme of Work 
BiochemistryAutumn Term – Marlborough SchoolSyllabus Content
5.6.1 Proteins
• Review of appropriate material from A2 Chemistry – Module 2814 Chains,Rings and Spectroscopy, 5.4.4(e)–(h).• Amino acids, polypeptides and proteins.• Protein structure: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures.• Denaturation of proteins.
Assessment Outcomes
Candidates should be able to:(a) explain the term primary structure of proteins.(b) describe the secondary structure of proteins: α-helix and β-pleated sheet;the stabilisation of these structures by hydrogen bonding.(c) state the importance of the tertiary protein structure and explain itsstabilisation by R groups in the amino acid residues, in terms of ioniclinkages, disulphide bridges, hydrogen bonds and van der Waals’ forces.(d) describe the quaternary structure of proteins, for example: haemoglobinincluding the role of Fe2+.(e) explain denaturation of proteins by heavy metal ions, extremes of temperature and pH changes (see also 5.6.2(d)).
5.6.2 Enzymes
• Enzymes: relationship between enzymes and substrates; active sites.• Competitive and non-competitive inhibition.• Industrial uses of enzymes.
Assessment Outcomes
Candidates should be able to:(a) describe the behaviour of enzymes as catalysts of high activity andspecificity.(b) explain the relationship between enzyme and substrate concentrations of biochemical systems.(c) explain the concept of an active site in the structure of an enzyme.(d) distinguish between inhibition of enzymes:(i) competitive inhibition by a similar substrate molecule competing forthe active site;(ii) non-competitive inhibition by heavy metal ions.(e) explain the advantages of immobilising enzymes.(f) state the commercial and industrial uses of enzymes, typified by biologicalwashing powders.
5.6.3 Carbohydrates
• Monosaccharides.• Disaccharides.• Polysaccharides.
Assessment Outcomes
Candidates should be able to:(a) describe the open-chain structure of a pentose (for example: ribose) and ahexose (for example: glucose).(b) describe the α- and β-pyranose ring structures of D-glucose.(c) describe the structure of a disaccharide including the nature of theglycosidic link, typified by maltose and cellobiose.

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