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Germany: Sex Trafficking, Prostitution, And World Cup Games (Donna M. Hughes)

Germany: Sex Trafficking, Prostitution, And World Cup Games (Donna M. Hughes)

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05/16/2013

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Germany:Sex Trafficking, Prostitution, and World Cup Games
Compiled by Donna M. Hughes, Professor & Carlson Endowed ChairWomen’s Studies, University of Rhode Island
"It is humiliating enough for me that football is linked with alcohol andviolence. But this is worse. It is slaves that will come and be put intohouses. Human beings are being talked about like cattle, and football islinked with that."- Raymond Domenech, Coach of France’s National Football Team
Background – Sex Trafficking and Prostitution in Germany 
Prostitution is legal in designated areas in Germany.
Germany has a severe sex trafficking problem.
Most of the women are trafficked from Eastern Europe.Excerpt from Letter to Secretary of State Colin Powell, April 29, 2002
In December 2001, Germany legalized pimping and prostitution,and officially stated that prostitution is no longer to be seen asimmoral.
The estimated turnover from bars, clubs, and brothelsconnected to prostitution is $4.5 billion per year.
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There are anestimated 400,000 women in prostitution in Germany.
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75 percent of the prostitutes are foreigners.
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80 percent of the trafficked women in Germany are fromCentral and Eastern Europe countries.
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1
Rob Broomby, “German prostitutes get new rights,”
 BBC News
, 20 December, 2001.
2
Irena Omelaniuk and Ginette Baerten, “Trafficking in women from Central and Eastern Europe - Focus onGermany,” in
 Migration in Central and Eastern Europe, 1999 Review
. (Vienna: International Organizationfor Migration and International Center for Migration Policy Development, March 1999).
3
International Organization for Migration, “Trafficking of Women to the European Union: Characteristic,Trends and Policy Issues,”
 European Conference on Trafficking in Women
, June 1996.
4
International Organization for Migration,
 Information Campaign.
 
Trafficking in women has grown over the past decade. In 1993, there were517 cases of illegal sex slave trade; in 1996, the number was 1,094.
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Excerpt from “Legalizing Lies,” Donna M. Hughes,
Prague Post 
, May 20, 2004Countries that have legalized prostitution in order to regulate it are stillfaced with serious problems of sex trafficking. Organized crime groupscontinue to traffic victims and run illegal prostitution operations alongside the legal businesses. Where prostitution is legal, both traffickingand prostitution have increased because men can legally buy sex actsand pimps and brothel keepers can legally sell and profit from them.
In Germany, lawmakers thought they were going to profit fromlegalized prostitution from the tax revenue.
But recently, theFederal Audit Office estimated that the government has lost over twobillion euros a year in unpaid tax revenue from the sex industry, andlawmakers have started to look for ways to increase collection of taxesfrom prostitutes. ….The normalization of prostitution as work has not occurred in Germany,the Netherlands, or Australia.
Legalization was supposed to providewomen with benefits and the right to join unions, but fewwomen have signed up either.
The reason has to do with the basicnature of prostitution. It is not work, a job like any other. It is abuseand exploitation that women only engage in if forced to or when theyhave no other options. Women and children controlled by mafias andcriminals cannot register with an authority or join a union. Unionizationof “sex workers” is a fantasy, because it is incompatible with thecoercive and abusive nature of prostitution.
World Cup Games, 2006
Regional and city officials are involved in planning and providing “sexhuts” or “sex garages” for prostitution during World Cup Games
Officials accommodate the demand for prostitution and provide for theiranonymity
Officials estimate that 3 million fans will buy sex while at World CupGames
5
The German Family Ministry in “German police swoop on suspected sex slavery ring,”
 Reuters
; 19 March1998.
2
 
40,000 extra prostitutes are expected to be brought into Germanyduring this time. Many of the women in prostitution in Germany are trafficked;many of the additional women brought in for the World Cup will be traffickedas well
 “Mega-brothels,” which house up to 100 women and operate 24hours/day, are being built
Officials in 12 cities that will host the World Cup games plan to providespecial licenses for prostitutes so they can offer sex on the street.
City officials are adopting a “pragmatic” approach to the situation
Scoring in the Soccer Love ShackGerman brothels are likely to run out of rooms during the World Cup
June 10, 2005
Duetsche Welle
Next year's soccer World Cup will be a boon to a host of German businesses,not least, the sex trade. One host city already has an answer as to where allthose extra transactions will take place.One of the seedier spin-offs of the soccer world cup that will take place inGermany in 2006 is expected to be a boom in the local sex trade. And that'sraising a host of concerns and considerations. Moral issues aside, order-lovingcity officials in Dortmund have at least addressed the logistics of the pendingflurry of entrepreneurial activity.After all, prostitutes will need places to service their clients. And
Dortmundofficials are determined that those places should ideally be removedfrom public streets, parks and residential areas.
Not surprisingly, the solution has been imported from Germany's liberalnorthern neighbor, the Netherlands, in the form of a series of drive-in wooden"sex huts."
"In Dortmund, we have an official red light district on the outskirts,but there is a problem. There is not enough space for everyone topark,"
a city official said.
Dortmund plans to arrange the huts in an area complete with condomvending machines and snack bars. The huts have also been introducedin Cologne, another World Cup venue.
"Men have to get used to them of course, but a high percentage accept them
because they can protect their anonymity,
" the official said.
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