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Scientologist Opinion

Scientologist Opinion

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Published by efuchs160

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Published by: efuchs160 on Jul 25, 2012
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FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALSFOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT
 
C
LAIRE
H
EADLEY
,
Plaintiff-Appellant,
No. 10-56266v.D.C. No.C
HURCH OF
S
CIENTOLOGY
2:09-cv-03987-DSF-I
NTERNATIONAL
; R
ELIGIOUS
MANT
ECHNOLOGY
C
ENTER
, a corporateentity,
 Defendants-Appellees.
 
M
ARC
H
EADLEY
,No. 10-56278
Plaintiff-Appellant,
D.C. No.v.2:09-cv-03986-DSF-
C
HURCH OF
S
CIENTOLOGY
MANI
NTERNATIONAL
, a corporate entity,OPINION
 Defendant-Appellee.
Appeal from the United States District Courtfor the Central District of CaliforniaDale S. Fischer, District Judge, PresidingArgued and SubmittedFebruary 9, 2012—Pasadena, CaliforniaFiled July 24, 2012Before: Dorothy W. Nelson, Diarmuid F. O’Scannlain, andN. Randy Smith, Circuit Judges.Opinion by Judge O’Scannlain
8395
 
COUNSEL
Kathryn Saldana, Metzger Law Group, Long Beach, Califor-nia, argued the cause and filed the briefs for the plain-tiffs-appellants. With her on the briefs was Raphael Metzger,Metzger Law Group, Long Beach, California.Eric M. Lieberman, Rabinowitz, Boudin, Standard, Krinsky &Lieberman, P.C., New York, NY, argued the cause and filedthe brief for the defendants-appellees. With him on the brief were Bert H. Deixler, Kendall, Brill & Klieger LLP, LosAngeles, California; Harold M. Brody and G. SamuelCleaver, Proskauer Rose LLP, Los Angeles, California; and
8397H
EADLEY
v. C
HURCH OF
S
CIENTOLOGY
 
Robert E. Mangels and Matthew D. Hinks, Jeffer MangelsButler & Mitchell LLP, Los Angeles, California.
OPINION
O’SCANNLAIN, Circuit Judge:We consider two former ministers’ claims that the Churchof Scientology forced them to provide labor in violation of theTrafficking Victims Protection Act.IThis case centers around the Church of Scientology Inter-national (the Church) and its component Sea Organization (orSea Org). The Church exercises overall ecclesiastical manage-ment of the Scientology religion. The Sea Org is an elite reli-gious order of the Church and acts as Scientology’sevangelical wing. The Sea Org demands much of its mem-bers, renders strict discipline, imposes stringent ethical andlifestyle constraints, and goes to great efforts to retain clergyand to preserve the integrity of the ministry. These features of the Sea Org flow from the teachings and goals of the Scien-tology religion.Scientology teaches that man is an immortal spiritual beingthat, over time, becomes distressed as his mind experiencesmoments of pain or lowered consciousness. Scientologymaintains, however, that man can overcome that distress—hecan become “clear”—by using methods developed by Scien-tology founder L. Ron Hubbard. Scientology aims to dissemi-nate Hubbard’s teachings to “clear the planet”—that is, tohelp enough people to overcome spiritual distress to free theplanet of crime, war, and irrationality. That effort is entrustedlargely to the Sea Org.
8398H
EADLEY
v. C
HURCH OF
S
CIENTOLOGY

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