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Building Construction Part-3

Building Construction Part-3

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Published by toma cristian

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Published by: toma cristian on Jul 25, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/16/2013

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BUILDINGCONSTRUCTIONIII
 
HEAVY REINFORCED CONCRETE, PRE-STRESSED CONCRETE AND STEELCONSTRUCTION
 
3.0
3.1
Heavy ReinforcedConcrete, Pre-Stressed Concrete &Steel ConstructionFoundations SystemsFoundation Walls,BasementConstruction, CisternsReinforced ConcreteColumnsReinforced ConcreteFloor SystemsRoof DecksWalls & StructuralWallsPre-Stress ConcretePre-Cast ConcreteFloor SystemsBuilding ProtectionSystems
3. HEAVY REINFORCED CONCRETE, PRE- STRESSED CONCRETE AND STEEL CONSTRUCTION 
3.1 FOUNDATION SYSTEMS (Deep and Shallow Foundation)
The foundation system transfersthe lateral loads on thesuperstructure to the ground. Thehorizontal component of theselateral forces is transferred largelythrough a combination of soilfriction on the bottom of footingsand the development of passivesoil pressure on the sides of footings and foundation walls.Foundation systems are classifiedinto two broad categories ---
shallow foundations
and
deepfoundations
.
 
3.0
3.1
Heavy ReinforcedConcrete, Pre-Stressed Concrete &Steel ConstructionFoundations SystemsFoundation Walls,BasementConstruction, CisternsReinforced ConcreteColumnsReinforced ConcreteFloor SystemsRoof DecksWalls & StructuralWallsPre-Stress ConcretePre-Cast ConcreteFloor SystemsBuilding ProtectionSystems
3.1.1 SHALLOW FOUNDATIONSShallow
or 
spread foundations
are employed when stable soil of adequate bearing capacity occurs relatively near the ground surface. Theyare placed directly below the lowest part of a superstructure and transfer building loads directly to the supporting soil by vertical pressure. The typesof shallow or spread footings are:1.
Individual or isolated footings
 
 –
are spread footings supporting free-standing columns and piers.
a.Block or square footingsb. Stepped footingsc. Slope or pyramidal footings

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